The Lord Allah, the eternal Existence (the Real Existence is infinite, unlimited and unique One), the infinite, edgeless Absolute Existence, who is divine light, is above the Throne. (1) It is impossible for a person who lives on earth -the physical world- to be able to contact with Allah, who is tremendous Divine Light, because the Throne is also Divine Light. “The Sultan – Spiritual Power” mentioned in the Chapter Rahman is the Holy Spirit of Allah, Holy Spirits, and Holy Angels. (2)
The Holy Spirits and the Angels are from the Attribute of the Pure Person. It is the World of Decree. The Absolute Existence Allah is Divine Light. That is to say, the real existence is Divine Light and consisted of the Person (Divine Essence) and His Attributes (subject and quality).
The people who bear this holy spirit in this world are the Prophets, the Saints (Walis), the Great Sufis and the Perfect Men. Therefore, as long as the immature man exists in the world, he will not be able to get in touch with God, who is above the seven skies and the Throne, unless he finds the Divine Sultan, the Divine Person, and unless he meets him and communicates with Him. For, the spirit of an immature person becomes materialized by time and loses his fineness as he relates with matter so much (same as energy solidifies by condensing).
Allah has surrounded (encompassed) the physical world with His attribute, but not with His Person. He is close to us with His attribution- His Knowledge. Yet, Allah is exempt from the worlds. Therefore, Allah sends His Perfect Man (Sultan) either personally or helps him or her with Prophets or Saints (Walis) who bear Divine Spirit in this world. Our Lord commanded and suggested to the Prophet (A.S) in the Chapter Isra saying:
“Rabbi vecalli min ledunke sultanen nesiyra” which means:
“Say, O Muhammad: My Lord, help me with a Sultan from Your divine presence (Help me with one of Your Divine Powers).” (Al-Isra, 80)
“İn küllü nefsin lemma aleyha hafizun- There is a protector (a keeper-Guardian-Observer) on every person.” (Tariq, 4)
Whatever the dawn refers to the Sun; the Prophet or the Perfect Man who bears the Divine Spirit refers to Allah. You cannot see the Sun unless you see the dawn.
Just like this, he cannot find Allah and he cannot benefit directly from Him, unless he finds the Prophet or the Perfect Man who bears the Holy Spirit.
Similarly, dawn is a manifestation, a light, a symptom, an attribute and a quality of the Sun and the Divine Spirit is a manifestation, a light, a divine light and a divine breath of Allah and an attribution of His Person as well. The Person is known by his Attributes.
The Holy Spirit of Allah appears sometimes as a Wali-a Muslim saint, a Friend of God- sometimes as a Prophet.
The difference between a Prophet and a Saint is: each Prophet is a perfect – true Saint as well, but each Saint is not a Prophet.
Since the Prophet, who is a Perfect Human, is a Saint at the same time, he is assigned with the duty of spiritual guidance and with teaching his aspirants. He can also be assigned with the duty of Shariat, (Canonical Law of Islam) and he transmits the divine Laws, forbidden and permitted acts, worship and the ways of worship and interested in social issues. However, a Saint (Wali) cannot perform them. He only deals with spiritual Guidance and teaching. For, the Prophecy had ended after our Prophet but the guidance and divine initiation are still ongoing.
Thus, Allah, the Most High said that the religion had been completed and the Prophecy had ended:
“Ve ekmeltü leküm dineküm” (Al-Maidah, 3)
However, nobody claims that faith and Spiritual Guidance were completed so, the dialogue of Allah with the believers is still ongoing.
Every Prophet and every Perfect Man (Walis) bears the Holy Spirit of Allah. The Holy Spirit is the Divine Light which Allah extends and sends to the world same as the Sun and sunlight which it sends.
The Prophet and the Perfect Man (Saint-Wali), who bears the Holy Spirit, which is Divine Light, is just like a light bulb. He is called as “İnsan-ı Kâmil- Mature or Perfect Human” in Sufism.
Unless the Divine Light from such a Perfect Man, whose spirit is the Divine Light of Allah same as the sunrays of dawn of the Sun, and who is the Power (Sultan) of Allah in the world, comes to the heart of the aspirant and unless the heart of such a person, whose spirit and heart got darkened (blackened), gets the Divine Light from the Perfect Man, his heart cannot make the remembrance of Allah (Ziqir). This is called “The Inculcation of Divine Light- Enlightment and the Inculcation of Remembrance” in Sufism.
If the heart does not beat with the remembrance of Allah, there will be no divine glance for him. (3) If there is no divine glance, his heart and his spirit will not shine and he cannot find spiritual divine love. It is the Divine Love, which will purify and shine his heart.
There is no way to get rid of the wicked self (4), which is called as Ammara (soul that commands evil), Lawwama (soul that blames), Mulhima (inspired soul) in Sufism, and the carnal desires, evil characteristics which are called as “Fücur -Immorality” in the Koran, without the Divine Help- Divine Glance which is called as “Nusret-i İlâhi- God’s Divine Help”.
Divine Gnosis (Marifat – Wisdom -True Knowledge) is not possible for the person whose spirit and whose heart do not shine and whose carnal desires are not purified.
It is impossible to know the reality “Real Existence and Spiritual Realities” unless you learn the Knowledge of Gnosis. According to all the great people, even if a person, who does not know the realities, studies Religion and Philosophy at school for forty years, even if he reads million volumes of books and becomes a lecturer, a professor, a philosopher at these schools, he goes to the presence of Almighty God as an ignorant person. Believing in God and knowing God are different things. For instance, everybody believes and accepts the Sun but how many people have got the knowledge about the Sun itself, the structure and the properties of it?
Our Prophet based the Knowledge of Allah on knowing one’s self: “He, who knows himself (human), knows his Lord” (5) because man (human is the greatest work of Allah. He, who knows the work, knows the owner of the work (The Person and The Attributes of God). This is only possible with the knowledge, which comes from God and this knowledge is called as “İlm-i Ledün- the Knowledge of God”.
As Yunus said:
“Shariat and tariqat is a way for the person who reaches them
(Marifat) Wisdom and (Haqikat) Reality are in the heart,
An immature man who does not know the Knowledge of Reality, called as the great truth, is ignorant both in this world and in the hereafter. This is what all the well known and praiseworthy Sufis of Anatolia and mystics of Islam think and believe.
There is a great reality: Allah and His Knowledge is an infinite treasure. Allah does not teach, and does not bestow the infinite treasure on whom He does not love Him and who is not a friend of Him. Therefore, it is not possible without LOVE....
Does the great Pakistani Poet IKBAL not say the same?
“THE KNOWLEDGE WITHOUT LOVE IS EVIL
THE KNOWLEDGE WITH LOVE IS DIVINE...”
TO LOVERS WITH LOVE…
(1) “Er’rahmanü alel’arşisteva – The Merciful surrounded (encompassed) the Throne” (Tâ Hâ, 5)
(2) “Ya ma’şerel cinni vel’insi inisteta’tüm en tenfüzü min aktarissemavati vel’ ardi fenfüzü, la tenfüzüne illa bisultan – O, the gatherings of Mankind and jinn! Do you have power to penetrate the confines of heaven and earth? (Do you have the ability – the skill” to penetrate?) Then, penetrate them, if you can; but you are not able to penetrate except with a Divine Power-Sultan) The SULTAN that Allah qualifies is a great Divine Power. The power that comes from the presence of Allah is SULTAN. This great power is the Holy Spirit and the Faithful Spirit. Only the Prophets and the Saints or the Perfect Men bear this holy and powerful Spirit. This Holy Spirit is the attribute of Allah. It is the Divine Light that extends from Allah. This Holy Spirit is the hand of Allah or accepted as the hand of Allah.” (Rahman, 33) (“Hablillah- The rope of Allah” is also this Spirit.)
(3) “Fezkurini ezkürküm- Remember Me so that I will remember you.” (Al- Baqhara, 152)
(4) See Rufai Külliyatı, vol. 1 Existence- Seven Nafs
(5) Sayyid Abdulkadir Geylani, Sırrül Esrar, p. 31
Binbir Hadis, Şemseddin Yeşil, p. 212 1983-İst
Sources: All the Works of Sufism and Collected poems of Turkish Mysticism (Divans) the Divans of Anatolian Muslim saints, the books, poems and divans of Mawlana, Ahmed Yesevi, Yunus Emre, Hadji Bektash, Hadji Bayram, Sayyid Nizamoğlu, Sayyid Nasimi, Eşrefoğlu Rumi, Sümbüli Sinan, Aziz Mahmud Hudai, Niyazi Mısri, Kuşadalı İbrahim Hakkı, Maraşlı Kuddusi, Gaziantepli Aydi, Mevlevi Esrar Dede, Mevlevi Sheikh Galip Dede (The author of Hüsn-ü Aşk), Zekai Dede, the works and Divans of Aşık Paşa and also many other books of Anatolian, Indian, Iranian and Arabic great Sufi personalities and poets.
**Kazım Yardımcı / Adıyaman**
18 June 2000