THE UNITY OF THE EXISTENCE (EXISTENTIAL MONISM OR MONOTHEISM) - THE UNITY OF WITNESS - THE UNITY OF THE EXISTENT- PANTHEISM - THEOLOGY AND MASONRY
Saint Agustina Thomas, who was the founder of Pantheism, was a philosopher priest that lived between the years 1225-1274. According to him and later to Spinoza that accepted pantheism, God and the Universe are one within the other. God has no will. God is the Universe. He has no supremacy-highness beyond the Universe. The Universe has supremacy over God but God does not have a supremacy over the Universe. That is to say, God and the Universe are exactly the same. He accepts God as the essence and origin or the first cause but he makes the things, the Universe, which were created from the first cause, the Person of Allah Himself and he embodies or materializes Allah. This is not correct!
The world, things and planets are all formed from the Sun, that is to say, the essence is the sun. The origin of all of them is the sun. However, the sun is greater than all of them and at the same time, it has encompassed all of them with the rays of it. It has taken all of them under its sovereign. All of them are bounded to it. Now, if somebody takes a piece of stone from the ground and calls it as the sun, it is true but incorrect. If bubbles formed from the sea are called as the sea, this is again true but it is incorrect. The essence or kernel of the Earth, of the substances, objects and the essence of the planets is the sun. The essence of the foam bubbles is also the sun in reality and this is proved but it is the sun in reality not in identity. The identity of the sea and the identity of the foam are different. The identities of the sun, the planets and the objects are different.
The sea and the sun bring them to exist from their existences and destroy them in their own existences. They are also greater compared to them, they encompass them and are independent from them. They are superior to them and at the same time, they are their first and the last. Objects are also indirectly the Divine Light of God. The source of the Divine Light is God Himself. Allah is the one who knows all things. Allah created, made the Heavens and the Earth in six days (at six phases in time) and then He encompassed the Throne.
“Ganiyyun anil alemin-Allah is independent from the Universe.” (The Imrans, 97)
He does not need them and He is the Satisfier of all needs (Samed). Allah exists even without the Universe and He is perfect.
The Universe is in need of Allah, who is the self-existent and absolute, same as the foam need the sea in order to manifest. The sea exists without the foam and it is perfect. It encompasses all of them and it is superior to them.
The origin of the nature and everything is consisted of the Divine Light of Allah, in reality. The origin, the source of this divine light is Allah, who is the divine light of the divine lights. Allah is very immense, infinite, borderless divine light. “ALLAH IS THE DIVINE LIGHT OF THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH.” (Al-Nur, 35)
The entire nature is powerful lights -radiation. The source, the essence of this radiation is the divine Light of Allah’s Person. The source of the nature that is radiation is the Spirit of Muhammad, who is the first manifestation, the first light of Allah, the first and the greatest spirit. It is the Reality of Muhammad.
“When Adam was between the water and the mud, I was even then the Prophet.” (Sacred Hadith)
“I created Muhammad (the spirit of Him) from the Divine Light of My person.” (Sacred hadith)
“Allah first created, made, constructed, constituted my divine light, my spirit. He formed the Throne from this first manifestation, the first spirit and divine light and then He created the Universe from the divine light of the throne.” (Sources are the sacred hadiths and Sırrul Esrar by Abdulkadir Geylani)
“Allahu haliku Külli şey’in- Allah is the Creator of all things.”
“Ela lehul halku vel emir- His is the Creation, His is the Spirit and His is the Angels.” (Al-A’raf, 54)
“Ela innehu bi külli şey’in muhit- Know that Allah has encompassed all things.” (Al-Fussilat, 54)
“Külli şeyin halikun illa vechehu- Everything perishes except Allah Himself. His person is eternal.” (Al-Qassas, 88)
The mystics of Islam and Muhyiddini Arabi accepted both the person (the essence) and the attributes of Allah. Created beings existed from the divine lights of His attributes. Spirit is exceptional because spirit is a personal manifestation. It is the holy breath, the word of Allah. It is from the condition, the decree of Allah. Decree means condition, state, mood. It is the state of Allah (state is the attribute of the owner of the state). That is to say, decree or condition is directly the personal attribute of Allah’s Person. Allah arranges and administrates the creation with His command-His Spirit.
“Yüdebbirül emre mine’s semai ilel ard- He governs all, from heaven to earth.” (Al-Sajdah, 5) (Here, the command becomes personal and manages the world from the Heavens and then He returns (ascends to the Heavens).
Pantheists deny the attributes of Allah. They deny Allah’s interference in the actions. According to them, Allah does not interfere anything because He does not have any attributes. They deny His will or the attribute of will. Everything happens spontaneously for them. They happen by themselves same as vapor becomes water by itself, water becomes snow or hail by itself. They make Allah both the source of the nature and the nature itself. According to pantheists, the Universe is superior to God. They do not know God superior or lofty. I mean to say they annihilate God in nature. Yet, the Koran, the hadith and the mystics annihilate nature, all things and human (spirit) in Allah.
However, Christianity annihilates Allah in human, in spirit (in Jesus). They descend Allah to the rank of Jesus. They regard Allah low. However, Islam and Sufism, which is also Islam, annihilate the Perfect Man (his Spirit) in Allah. They know Allah sublime and lofty. I introduce this to your attention.
There are also some people that deny the attributes of Allah. They are called as the supporters of Allah’s Person only. They make Allah such a being that has no attributes or qualities. There are also others that support the attributes of Allah only. They change the Person of Allah to attributes and they give deity to nature and human.
NO! NATURE AND HUMAN ARE NOT A GOD. HOWEVER, THEY BEAR DIVINE QUALITIES BECAUSE EVERYTHING IS A REFLECTION OF AN ATTRIBUTE (A NAME) OF GOD. THEY HAVE COME TO EXISTENCE FROM THE MANIFESTATION OF THE DIVINE LIGHT OF GOD’S ATTRIBUTES. NATURE REFLECTS THE ATTRIBUTES OF GOD. HUMAN- MAN REFLECTS THE ATTRIBUTES OF ALLAH BY HIS PHYSICAL BODY AND HE REFLECTS HIS PERSON BY HIS SPIRIT. HUMAN REFLECTS THE MATERIAL WORLD WITH HIS BODY AND THE SPIRITUAL WORLD WITH HIS SPIRIT. THAT IS TO SAY, HUMAN IS LIKE A SHORE. IT IS THE POINT WHERE THE SEA AND THE LAND MEETS. THE PERFECT MAN (A PROPHET OR A FRIEND OF GOD) IS NOT A GOD BUT HE BEARS DIVINE QUALITIES.
Have a look at the shores. A shore writes “Muhammad” with Arabic letters with the wavy forms of it. The word“MUHAMMAD” consists of connected letters. It means “very much praised by Allah”. When man prostrates before GOD,his body writes “MUHAMMAD”. It means that when man prostrates before the Merciful, when he becomes a slave, he is accepted as “Muhammad”.
Sufism and Muhiddini Arabi exist even before pantheists. Abdulkadir Geylani (His birthdate 1080), Muhyiddini Arabi (His birth date 1160) and the doctrine of the Unity of the Existence are before Thomas (1224-1275) and Sinoza (1362-1677). Geylani Hazretleri lived in 11th century, Saint Thomas Aquinus lived in 13th century and Spinoza lived in 16-17th centuries. They had taken Islamic Sufism, the unity of the Existence from Islam, from Ibni Arabi and they changed it while applying it to themselves. Thomas and Spinoza were inspired from Islamic Sufism and Philosophy but they were not able to solve it. They tried to express it in different ways and using their own terms, nevertheless, they went astray. They became confused and philosophers are still acting in a confusing manner so they cannot find the Absolute truth-the reality.
They were inspired by Muhyiddini Arabi. Muhyiddini Arabi was not inspired by them, because he lived 50 years before Saint Thomas and 300 years before Spinoza. Sufism exists in us, in Hz. Prophet, Hz. Ali, Hz. AbuBeqir, Hasan al Basri, Beyazidi Bistami, Junayd al Bagdadi, Sirri Sakati, Marufu Kerhi, Mansur al Hallaj, Abdulkadiri Geylani, Sayyid Ahmed er Rufai, Muhammad Naqshibendi, Yesevi and in old mystics. They lived long before Saint Thomas and Spinoza.
The source of the philosophies in Europe is Islamic Philosophers and Islamic Sufis. We had not taken anything from them. They had taken the entire doctrine from us, but they could not solve it. They got confused and they are still in confusing thoughts. For, our people depended on the revelation and they were getting DIVINE HELP, as they had not cut off their connection from revelation. THE SCIENCE OF SUFISM IS A LEDUNNI SCIENCE (A MYSTERIOUS SCIENCE OF GOD OR DIVINELY BESTOWED KNOWLEDGE). It is the knowledge given to the Prophets and the Friends of God from the presence of Allah. It is not the production of the simple mind. It contains the hand of the MERCIFUL.
The essence (Subject) cannot be without attributes and the attributes cannot be without the essence (Subject). If there is no essence (subject), attributes cannot be known. If there are not any attributes, Essence (subject) cannot be learnt.
“Küntü kenzen mahfiyyen feahbehtu li yuref –I was a hidden treasure and I desired to be known, so that I created the Universe of plurality (I made the Creature that I might be known).” (Sacred Hadith)
The reason of existing is to know the essence (Allah). Its reason is the love attribute of Allah that exists in Him. The attribution of love required the knowledge of Allah. Or else, Allah is prior to the Universe. He is superior to the Universe. He administrates the Universe with His will and command. He is the Lord. He is the Master. He has the creative power. He showed that He is scholar and wise with the order in the nature. He has given man from His knowledge by breathing His Spirit. Thought and intellect are the qualities, the attributes of the spirit. Allah is the One who knows everything and He is perfect. Allah has no deficiencies. The perfect One does not need synthesis. The One who is lofty and superior does not need to think and to understand. He is already the one who knows all things. He who knows everything cannot be considered as in need of thinking and understanding.
Islamic Sufism and Muhyiddini Arabi destroy or annihilate all things in Allah but Pantheists destroy Allah in all things-in nature. ONE OF THEM IS FAITH AND THE OTHER IS BLASPHEMY.
The church annihilates Allah in JESUS. Sufism annihilates Jesus, all the spirits and the Universe in Allah. (Annihilation in Allah)
HOWEVER, WE ANNIHILATE JESUS, ALL THE PROPHETS, THE NATURE AND THE PERFECT MAN IN ALLAH AND WE EXALT ALLAH.
UNFORTUNATELY, THEY REGARD ALLAH THE ALMIGHTY INFERIOR BY ANNIHILATING HIM IN JESUS AND IN THE NATURE.
WE EXALT THE SEA BY DESTROYING THE ICE IN THE SEA BUT THEY REGARD SEA SMALL BY MAKING THE SEA A PIECE OF ICE.
In this way, they insult the truth and regard the sea small, but the piece of ice big while trying to make it great. God scorns them, punishes them and He may even curse them.
“Külli şey’un halikun illa vechehu- All things perish except Allah Himself.” (Al-Qassas, 88)
“Küllü men aleyha fan ve yebka vecihu rabbike zül celali vel ikram-All that lives on earth is doomed to die. But the face of your Lord will abide forever, in all its majesty and glory.” (Al-Rahman, 26-27)
“Külle yevmin huve fi şan- Allah is in a glory, in a mighty task, every instant.” (Al-Rahman, 29)
“The renovation and continuality in creation” and “the first creation”: These two verses are written in the Koran
The creation is continuous. He who knows best is Allah.
Theologians are Mutazila, Ashariya and Maturidiya. The supporters of Mutazila are not radical philosophers but they are theologians and the founders of the science of theology. Although Ashary used to be a theologian of Mutazila, he did not agree with them on some matters afterwards.
According to the theologians, there are TWO EXISTENCES. One of them is Allah, whose existence is a necessity, and the other is the material-physical world, whose existence is possible.
The basic support of theologians in this subject is atom- the smallest indivisible particle that will be annihilated or lost if it is divided. The proof of theologians is also analogy by reasoning. The science of theology was founded 150 years after our Prophet. They are not the scholars of Canonical Jurisprudence (Shariat). They are the founders of belief. Their proofs are the reasoning and analogy of the Greek and Roman philosophers and of the Islam philosophers who accepted Islam among them. They depend on atom; if atom is split, it will be lost and non-existence will start.
Ashary and their followers Maturidies accepted non-existence, which is the opposite of existence. However, there is a reality: non-existence is impossible. It is improbable even to consider it. It means it is to consider or accept what is impossible. Yet, the existence is proved same as billions of foam bubbles that appear on the sea, whose existence is the sea, that are produced from the sea and the various manifestations of the sea and that consist the world of plurality. The foam bubbles do not have an independent existence. They are possible in respect of the sea (The possibility of the existence). Ashary and Maturidy are after four sects. Abu Hanefi, Shafi, Maliky and Ahmed Hanbely are not Ashariye or Maturidiye. Who are the Asharies and Maturidies? Ashary doctrine is accepted by most of the scholars of Canonical Jurisprudence of Shafis and Maturidy doctrine is accepted by some of the Hanefi scholars. It is a half- philosophical doctrine accepted by Islam scholars of Canonical Jurisprudence.
It is apparently the belief of Ulama but not the belief of ordinary people because it is impossible for ordinary people to understand philosophical terminology. All the people must study at Madrasas and become a philosopher to understand them. Sufis are not rational but they believe God’s revelations and they are spiritualists. The belief and the realities of faith are constituted by Allah and His Prophet. Nobody can constitute a belief afterwards through thinking. Sufis explain and interpret the realities of faith reported by the Book and Sunnat (The sacred hadiths and the holy hadiths). The source of Sufis is the revelation to the Prophet and revelations to themselves. Sufis accept the role of reason in physical, jurisprudent and social matters. They firstly believe revelation in metaphysical matters.
It is definite that Sufis are strictly dependent on the revelation and the Prophets. The philosophy of Ashary and Maturidy and their belief based on analogy is shown as the belief of religion. Sufism, which is based on the Koran and the Sunnat, is shown as non-religion. By whom? By some of the Hanefi and Shafi Canonical Jurisprudence scholars. How nice! They make their doctrine as the doctrine of religion but the doctrine of Sufis as the doctrine of Sufism. Sufis support the revelation. Theologians are half-philosophers who deduce by analogy. Real non-religious doctrine is the view of theologians that does not depend on directly revelation and sunnat. Theologians are rationalists. Constituting belief through rationalism is denying the Prophet. It means putting yourself in the place of the Prophet. Constituting belief is special to the Prophets. It is a shameless behavior, insolence towards the Prophet to constitute a belief after him.
NOW THAT, IT IS TIME TO DECLARE THEM. Ancient theories and doctrines and the science of semi- philosophical theology has already finished with Einstein because atom that all of them relied on divided but it was not lost and non-existence did not start. It is proved definitely that nothingness is non-existent and impossible scientifically. Then, why is there “the possibility of the existence”?
All the Sufis have accepted that the Universe, the Creation came to being afterwards. However, the problem is: what have they existed from? According to theologians, they have come to being from the impossible nothingness, according to Sufis, from the existent (from the one whose existence is a necessity) because nothing can come to being from non-existence. Beings are produced from the existent same as the sea and the foam bubbles that are produced from the sea (the world of plurality) and the sun and the dawn that is formed by the sun and a manifestation of the sun. It is definitely known that foam bubbles and dawn have not existed before but they did not exist from nothingness either. They existed from the existence. The sea and the sun that existed before brought them into being. But, what did they create them from? The foam bubbles and the sea are an appearance of the sea and the sun. They do not have an independent entity. They annihilate in the sea and in the sun again. The sun and the sea remain. All of them are the symbols of the truth and reality and they are the explanations with samples.
THE UNIVERSE AND THE CREATION DID NOT EXIST BEFORE BUT THEY CAME TO BEING AFTERWARDS, HOWEVER, FROM WHAT DID THEY COME TO BEING? THE PROBLEM IS AT THIS POINT!
The Creation and the whole Universe have come to exist from the infinite, borderless sea of the divine Light of Allah same as the foam bubbles have come to existence, manifested from the sea and the dawn from the sun. They are relative in respect of Allah, the self -existent God. They do not have an independent identity. They will have an end in the self-existent God again.
“Külli şeyün halikun illa vechehu - Everything perishes except Allah Himself.” (Al-Qassas, 88) Allah is ever-self existent.
THE LAST WORD: THE POSSIBILITY OF THE EXISTENCE WHOSE EXISTENCE IS POSSIBLE (SAME AS FOAM BUBBLES AND THE DAWN) ACCORDING TO THE SELF- EXISTENT GOD, MANIFESTED OR BECAME FROM A HANDFUL DIVINE LIGHT OF THE EXISTENCE WHOSE EXISTENCE IS A NECESSITY, BUT NOT CREATED FROM NON-EXISTENCE. THEY ARE THE GLORIES AND MANIFESTATONS OF ALLAH. THEY ANNIHILATE IN GOD, WHOSE EXISTENCE IS A NECESSITY, SAME AS THE DAWN ANNIHILATES IN THE SUN AND THE FOAM BUBBLES ANNIHILATE IN THE SEA. COMING TO BEING FROM THE EXISTENCE WHEN THEY ARE NON-EXISTED, AS A SHAPE (SAME AS A POTTER MAKES POTS, DISHES ETC. OUT OF BAKED CLAY) IS DIFFERENT FROM EXISTING OUT OF NOTHINGNESS.
It looks like the existence of the foam from the sea and the dawn from the sun. Nothing comes to being from non-existence. What can we say to the theologians’ accepting non-existence although they rely on analogy by reasoning? They are rationalists and at the same time they accept non- existence, which is impossible according to mind- reason.
The fixed, positive is the existence-entity. The negative, the impossible is the non-existence. Non-existence does not exist. We say it is non-existing, is there any more to say. The word non-existence is written in grammar books and it is used to prove the existence.
When atom, which theologians accepted as the existence from nothingness and called as the “possibility of the existence”, was proved existing from existence but not out of nothingness, the non-existence of nothingness is also proved by means of this. The reality is this. Non-existence or nothingness is impossible.
Theologians, Ashary and Maturidy are not Islamic scholars of law or a Muslim saint. They are rationalist-logicians. They tried to explain these matters using reason-mind. Shehristani and Taftazani, the writers of Elmilel and Nihal, defended and spread the doctrine of Ashary. Some of the scholars of Canonical Jurisprudence have accepted these opinions and they tried to tell them to people as a belief (a religious doctrine) of the people of Sunnat .The views of Ashary, Maturidy and Mutazila (They are also theologians) can never be the doctrine of religion. For, the abstract realities, essence-attributes and metaphysics can never be explained through reason or intellect in a rational way. These matters are reported through revelation, by the Koran and through the sayings of the Prophet and the wise people only explain them.
The Wise (Sufis) do not attempt to constitute a belief logically or by using reason. They accept it as insolence towards the Prophet and the Koran as Ghazzali said.
The doctrine of religion is not the doctrine of theology that rely on logic and reason and that is half-philosophy (like Ashary, Maturidy and Mutazila). The view of religion is the doctrines of the wise saints, Islam Sufi scholars who based on revelation. The religious doctrine is mystic doctrine. The correct doctrine is mystic doctrine. Ghazzali, who used to be a philosopher but then accepted Sufism and defended Sufism, also thinks like this.
Ibni Rushd (Averroes) first attempted to refuse Ghazzali and then he became a Christian. Ibn Rusd is an extreme rationalist and a defender of Aristotle. According to him, the absolute truth is known by reason or intellect (the philosophers are still trying to learn or know this.) In his view, the Prophets are also rationalist. There are no Angels like Gabriel and the Prophets wrote the Holy Books using their theoretical mind. He does not believe in Gabriel and revelation. Ibn Rushd, while he is so, has denied Ghazzali, who depended on revelation, together with him all the Sufis that based on divine revelation. He denies all the divine people.
WHAT SORT OF A MUSLIM BELIEF IS THIS? Ibni Rushd passed to the Christian region of Spain, kneeled down before the Spanish King and left Islam religion. Due to Ibni Rushd is an absolute rationalist (Aristotle logician), he does not look like our Islam philosophers of Middle East and Asia origin. Ibni Rushd is a radical philosopher and he does not accept revelation as a proof.
The Middle Eastern and Asian Philosophers (Kindi, Farabi, Ibni Sina, Maktul Suhreverdi, and our other philosophers that became professionals in their subjects and that are very interested in Islam are not extreme philosophers and Aristotle Logicians. As Ibni Rushd is from Europe origin, he was influenced by the West and Christianity. The metaphysics of Ibn Rushd is entirely the metaphysics of Aristotle. He refused the metaphysics of Islam. Islamic Philosophers of Middle East and Asia are local. They are affected by Middle East, Asia and by Islam. They are from our values. Ibni Rushd is not considered as our local philosopher. It is not correct to call him as an Islamic philosopher. He is a European, absolute philosopher. For this reason, the West protected him and did not accept him as Islam. They embraced him as “Averroes” but not as Ibni Rushd. They supported him but they did not support the other Middle Eastern and Asian Philosophers, Farabi, Ibni Sina, Kindi and others because they may have observed an Islamic identity in them.
THE ESSENCE OF RELIGION-THE DOCTRINE OF BELIEF-FAITH OF RELIGION IS MYSTICISM THAT BASES ON REVELATON AND REFUSES PHILOSOPHY. THEOLOGIANS ARE ALSO HALF PHILOSOPHERS. SUFIS ARE ABSOLUTE REVELATIONISTS AND DIVINE PEOPLE.
THE UNITY IN THE WHOLE EXISTENT
The unity in things or objects based on the doctrine that the essence of all of them is light. The essence of everything is radiation. There is an apparent unity. However, the radiation (powerful, great light) has also a source, an origin. It is ALLAH- THE PURE PERSON, who is eternal, infinite, borderless, permanent, sole and absolute existence, only one powerful divine light. TWO INFINITE EXISTENCES CANNOT BE CONSIDERED. Therefore, the everlasting existence that is infinite divine light is only one. The everlasting divine light Allah has encompassed the nature and the Universe whose origin is radiation. “ALLAH HAS ENCOMPASSED ALL THINGS.” (Al-Nisa, 126)
Loftiness- belongs to Allah. (Allah is the most exalted.) It is called as the essence of the essence. The manifestation of Allah is in six degrees.
These subjects have already been explained in details in our book called “VARLIK-EXISTENCE”. The absolute Existence Allah is the Existence of all the existed things. He is the cause of the causes. The supporters of the unity of the Existence accept only the unity in material things, in the objects. The supporters of the Unity of the Existence are those who accept the unity in the eternal existence. The supporters of the unity of the existent deny Allah who is everlasting, scholar and infinite divine light.
They are naturalists, Dehri materialists and active atheists. There are also inactive atheists. They are not interested in God or in religions. They do not fight against anything (using their opinions). Although they are atheists, they are interested neither in religion nor in atheism. They want to live their natural life. They are a kind of (materialist) secular people.
MASONRY (DEISM- THOSE WHO SUPPORT THE CREATOR AND THE UNITY IN OBJECTS)
The Masons stress on deism mixing theism and atheism with pantheism interpreting it according to their views. They sometimes seem as an atheist, sometimes as a deist and choose an identity between them special to them and appear as a kind of atheist, a pantheist and at the same time as a deist. They make nature a kind of God. However, this nature god has no will, does not interfere anything and continues in His own system.
According to pantheists and deists, God has no revelations, no religion and no prophets. The masons accept such a philosophy of creation that neither can be called as a god nor cannot be called as a god. They call this creator as an architecture or great master. They do not use the word “God” but they use the word “Master” instead.
They give prior importance to physical sciences. They do not attach importance to divine revelation by always stressing on science and rationalism. However, they keep the Koran, the Torah and the Bible available in their Masonic lodges. They seem as if they want to unite these three religions. (How will they unite them is unknown.) Somehow or other, they do not use Hindu Religions - the symbols of Buddhism.
It is supposed that it is because they know that Buddhism is not a heavenly religion but a worldly religion. Masons actually appropriate themselves deism.
I did not meet any information that Masons believe in the next world. They may have an opinion on that subject too but I do not know.
Their Mason brothers that were promoted to top ranks know their real aims. They are naturally a brother or sister of each other and their secret is protected among themselves. However, Masons are a little bit romantic. They have little mysticism special to themselves. They are interested in Sufism but they are not Sufis. They have a kind of sophisticated opinions. These are my personal observations about Masonry, and my opinions are open to be discussed because we do not know everything about them. Masonry is not known thoroughly. Everybody knows that Masons have a mysterious side. They act mysteriously. In other words, they are not entirely open like a political party. Their apparent side is that they are deists.
KAZIM YARDIMCI / ADIYAMAN
18th January 2006
THE UNITY OF THE EXISTENCE (EXISTENTIAL MONISM OR MONOTHEISM) - THE UNITY OF WITNESS - THE UNITY OF THE EXISTENT- PANTHEISM - THEOLOGY AND MASONRY
ISLAMIC SUFISM (MYSTICISM)
The detailed explanation of the mystics and of Muhyiddini Arabi about the Unity of the Existence -the Absolute Existence- depends on the following verse in the Chapter Hadid:
“He (Allah) is the First and the Last; He is the Seen and Unseen and Allah knows everything. (Allah is the all-knowing).” (Al-Hadid, 3)
“Allah created the Heavens and the earth in six days (in six times, in six phases) and then He ascended His throne (He encompassed the Throne).” (Al-Araf, 54) and He confirmed with the following verse that He encompassed all things:
“Allah has encompassed all things.” (Al-Fussilat, 54)
He will perish all things then, and His essence will remain eternal. The person of Allah is independent from the Creation, from all the existed things and the Universe. Allah exists before the Universe was created. He is the most Exalted. He is the satisfier of all needs and He does not need anything in existing and in the maintenance of His existence. However, His creation, the Universe and all things in the Universe are in need of His Pure Person -Allah- the eternal existence in order to come to being and maintain their existences.
Allah says that He is the one whose existence is without a beginning and He is the One whose existence is without an end. He is the Manifest and He is the Hidden. He says that He created the Universe and has encompassed it. He is the Supreme one and He is the infinite. Allah is the first and the last. He knows everything and He is the Lord. He manages and equips everything.
Allah declares that He wanted to manifest while He was hidden in His Jeberut, therefore He created the Universe and everything in the Universe. He has other worlds beyond the world and there are abstract-invisible beings (such as Spirit, angels, genies, paradise and hell) He also has secret worlds and He has breathed into man the Spirit from the invisible world and He enabled him to be able to think and understand and He has a dialogue with human. He has personal and attributive relation with man and all of these are written in the Koran.
Yet, Allah has explained that while He was hidden in His Jeberut, while there was nobody besides Him, while there was nobody that knows Him except Himself, He manifested from His essence to His essence and He created firstly His spirit, Later He created the Throne from the Divine Light of His spirit. Afterwards, He created the angels, genies and satan from the Divine light of the throne and then He created the world of analogies -the sun, planets, stars and the earth- the world of material things through condensation of the heat of the sun in an order. Then He created the first human (Adam) and breathed His spirit, which is His essential divine light, into him and He addressed him (spoke to him). Afterwards He has encompassed all things. These facts are extracted and deduced from the Koran, hadiths and sacred hadiths. There is nothing besides Allah and there cannot be because the first existence - the Absolute Existence has no boundaries. There cannot be any point where Allah ends and such a thought is impossible.
Two infinite beings are impossible. Since non-existence is impossible and cannot be comprehended, it is certain that the existence is compulsory (the One whose existence is compulsory). It is certain that His unity, His oneness is also compulsory, as there cannot be two infinite existences. The existence and the unity-the oneness of Allah is compulsory, inevitable and necessary.
Islam, the Koran, the hadiths, holy hadiths, Islamic Philosophy, Islamic Mysticism, the doctrine of the Unity of the Existence of Islam, Muhyiddini Arabi, Sayyid Abdulkadir Geylani- are the realities, information, knowledge, opinions and doctrines determined before the 12th century or in the 12th century. However, Saint Thomas and Spinoza had lived in 13thand 15th-16th centuries. The Islamic philosophers and Sufis were not inspired by them but they were inspired by Islamic doctrine. They interpreted it as they liked and wanted to appropriate it to themselves. This is a historical truth. Western Philosophers, Pantheists, theists and Deists have no relation with Islam. THEY ARE ALL NON-ISLAMIC.
Islamic Mystical-Sufi scholars and Muhyiddini Arabi lived in 11th and 12th centuries. There is at least 60 years between the birth of Ibni Arabi and Saint Thomas, the founder of pantheism (1225-1275). It is not true that Islam Sufi scholars, Muhyiddini Arabi and Islamic Sufis have a relation with the western philosophy and they were inspired by them. On the contrary, it is a historical fact that all the western philosophers were inspired by Islamic Philosophy and Sufis. They were influenced by us. We were not influenced by them. Muhyiddini Arabi Hazretleri lived and died (1160-1239) before Saint Thomas. When he died, Saint Thomas was only 13 years old.
“Füsusul Hikem - Wisdom of the Prophets or the Bezels of Wisdom-” is a book that explains the Unity of the Existence in great details. When “the Unity of the Existence” is mentioned, people generally recall Muhyidini Arabi’s famous book “Füsusul Hikem”.
Ibni Arabi Hazretleri wrote this book in 1205 and it is 20 years before the birth of Saint Thomas, the founder of Pantheism.
In this case, Saint Thomas became inspired from Muhyiddini Arabi. It is impossible that Muhyiddini Arabi would be influenced from him and from the other western philosophers. For this reason, the claim that the knowledge of the unity of the existence was taken from Thomas, from Europeans and from pantheism is invalid. Acosta Gabriel, a Portuguese thinker was also accepted as a pantheist and he lived between 1585 and 1640.
THE LAST WORD: The source of Sufism and the science of the Unity of the Existence is revelation. It is not a theoretical thought. The evidence of all Sufis and Muhyiddini Arabi is always revelation. It is based on the Koran, holy hadiths and sacred hadiths. Especially Muhyiddini Arabi refuses the philosophy that is completely depended on thoughts. Ibni Arabi Hazretleri is an extreme supporter of divine revelations. His book “Fisusul Hikem” is obvious. He does not use any rational arguments concerning divine wisdom. He refuses the doctrines that rely on theoretical thinking. He does not accept them. The arguments of pantheists depend on rational philosophy. Muhyiddini Arabi is not a philosopher but he is a great mystic, a Sufi and a divine person who supports metaphysics.
If pantheism told as believing in Allah only is tried to be explained as Allah and nature is a whole, this is incorrect.
Sufis (mystics) declare that the origin of the Creation is Allah, who is the first existence (like in the example of the sea and the foam), that the Creation (nature) will be annihilated and what is eternal is the first existence Allah and there is no other existence except Allah. The Unity of the Existence is not that one thing combines with another thing. The combination of separate things into a whole is called synthesis. Then TWO EXISTENCES ARE accepted as Allah and the nature. And two existences form a whole by synthesis. In that case, two existences are accepted and two eternal existences are thought. No! The Unity of the Existence is not like this.
“The creation is the manifestation of God” same as the sea and the foam. The source, the origin of all things is GOD. All of them are manifesting from Himself. He cannot combine with another thing by a synthesis because there is no second“EXISTENCE”. Sufism accepts coming to being afterwards. However, the manifestations that come to existence afterwards are created from God, from the “First Existence” and they will be melted and annihilated in the “First Existence” again. Allah, who is eternal and infinite divine light, will always remain permanent same as the sea and the foam, waterspouts; the sun and the dawns. The sea and the foam, the sun and the dawn are not a complete whole that is combined by two things. Dawns, foam bubbles, waterspouts are temporary visions. The sun and the sea are essential. The dawn and the foam have not combined making a synthesis with the sun and the sea. Synthesis is the combination of two different things into a whole. We call your attention to this point.
How are these streams and rivers formed? The sea makes vapor and clouds are formed. Rain and snow fall from these clouds and streams, rivers are formed from snow and rain. They flow into the sea, to their source, again, after all. The sea is the source. There are not two first existences. “THE FIRST EXISTENCE IS ONE-SOLE”. There must be two first existences in order to be combined like one of them is nature and the other is God. No! Nature came to being from the first existence and afterwards same as rivers are formed from the sea. Nature will also return to God same as the rivers return to the sea. It will be annihilated like the annihilation of the rivers in the sea. There is no other existence except the first existence so that it will combine with another existence. The first existence is a whole - a complete- Himself. He is the perfect that has no deficiencies. The first existence (divine light) has no limits and everything happens from Himself to Himself due to this. All the manifestations happen or occur in His own existence of the first infinite, limitless being. Manifestations are from His essence to His essence. The first and the last; the inner and the outer are Allah, who is the Sole existence. Allah is the being who is infinite divine light. The infinite being cannot be split. ALLAH is the absolute existence who is eternal in the past, eternal in the future and everlasting. He is the Absolute being, the Absolute God-Truth, the Absolute One, the Absolute Divine Light, the Absolute Power and Strength, the Absolute Beauty, the Absolute Perfection and the Absolute Subject. THE PUREST SUBJECT-ESSENCE IS THE MOST HOLY SUBJECT-ESSENCE.
“Subhanehu- HE – ALLAH IS PERFECT, EXCELLENT AND HAS NO DEFICIENCES!” He is the most sublime One.
If pantheists in the world accept nature and God as two separate beings and try to show them as a whole (synthesis), it is wrong. Spinoza, the expounder of pantheism, does not say so. He accepts God as origin-essence- the source by saying that God is the essence of nature, same as the origin of the foam is the sea. This doctrine is not contrary to the Unity of the Existence, which is the doctrine of Sufis. Pantheist Thomas and Spinoza would have taken this truth from Muslim Sufis and Muhyiddini Arabi Hazretleri, since they accept this in this way. For, Muhyiddini ARABİ Hazretleri had lived before Thomas and Spinoza. What we do not agree and what is contrary to the Unity of the Existence is the saying of Spinoza “The Universe is superior to God”. This is an absolute fault. On the contrary, according to Islamic Mysticism and the doctrine of the Unity of the Existence, which is a production of it, God is both the essence of the Universe and He has surpassed the Universe. Sublimity belongs to God. Allah brought the objects into being from His own existence and He has encompassed (surrounded) all of them. Allah (the Absolute Existence) is infinite and nothing is able to surpass the infinite. THE SUBLIME BEING IS ALLAH.
“ALLAH MADE (CREATED) ALL THINGS (Allah is the Creator of all things).” (Al-Zumar, 62)
“ALLAH IS IN A MANIFESTATON, IN AN APPEARANCE EVERY INSTANT.” (Al-Rahman, 29) This is called as the new creation.
“Allah has encompassed everything.” (Al-Fussilat, 54)
“Allah knows the most.”
“Praise belongs to Allah.”
May glory and peace be upon Our master Hazrat Muhammad and His Pure Ahl al Bayt…
“All things perish except the person (the essence) of Allah.”
“The Subject, the Essence of Allah is ever- existing and does not perish.”
“Subhanehu- He has no deficiencies and He is Perfect.”
“Vahdehu-He is One. He is the sole.”
“La sherike lehu- He has no partners.”
Spinoza also confessed that in his Philosophical period, he was benefited and inspired by Muhyiddini Arabi (Füsus ul Hikem). They might have changed the Doctrine of “the Unity of the Existence” to pantheism. The Islamic Sufis who believed the Unity of the Existence had lived before Thomas and Spinoza. In other words, European Philosophers had taken it from Islamic Sufism and changed it.
Nobody can say that Islamic Mystics and Muhyiddini Arabi had taken their doctrine or philosophy from them. The source of Monotheism and Sufism is Islam and its name is Islamic Sufism or Mysticism. Sufis are not rational philosophers who use their logic. Their source is revelation.
Sufism is a Ledunni science and not a philosophical doctrine that is based on reason and thought. Ledunni means the science that comes directly from Allah or divinely bestowed knowledge.
Edison confessed that he was in debt to Muhyiddini Arabi for most of his scientific life. Edison who invented the light bulb must have thought about this Koran verse very much written in the works of Muhyiddini Arabi: “Allah is the divine light of the Skies and the Earth.” (Then there must be light in the earth too.)
The divine light is likened to the light that enters a room. This light is inside a glass (like a bulb or lamp glass) and that glass is like shining stars that shine always. It is divine light upon divine light. (Chapter Nur) Edison might have started and used the verse in the Koran “the light is in a glass”, which is a divine revelation and information, and he thought a glass (bulb or lamp glass) was needed to protect this light, as he had already known there was light in electricity that was obvious before.
By the splitting of the atom in the years of 1940, it is understood that the earth and nature consisted of atoms and the origin of nature was radiation, light and power was proved due to this. The essence of these rays is God. God is the essence of the essence and GOD IS THE INFINITE EXISTENCE, WHO IS LIMITLESS DIVINE LIGHT. The infinity and eternity means Divinity, Deity. The origin of the nature is light and the origin of the light is the absolute Existence ALLAH.
For example, the origin of the earth is the rays and the heat of the sun and the origin of the rays and the heat is the sun itself. This is called as “the essence of the essence” in Sufism. “THE INNER OF THE INNER-FIHI MAFIH”
Allah has created everything with its opposite (Positive and negative), however He does not have an opposite of Himself and there cannot be because Allah is an infinite being. Two infinite beings are impossible. Yet, Allah qualified Himself as Divine Light-light and power and He brought the shadow-darkness opposing to light, with His wisdom. Darkness, which is the opposite of light, is the hardened shadow. It is the deep shadow. Darkness expresses the unknown. The unknown is what is not known and darkness-shadow has no atoms. Therefore, dark shadow cannot express the existent. It expresses the non-existence. Non-existence that does not exist is impossible. Non-existence cannot be proved. The existent is proved. Darkness that has no atoms and that is deep shadow expresses non-existence. This shadow is a symbol that the Absolute Existence shows us in order to prove His existence. Shadow and the darkness are not real beings. They are imaginary beings like an illusion. EXISTENCE-ENTITY IS DIVINE LIGHT AND POWER. WHAT IS NOT DIVINE LIGHT HAS NO ENTITY. IN ADDITION, SHADOW DOES NOT KNOW ITS OWNER BUT THE OWNER KNOWS HIMSELF AND HIS SHADOW. THEREFORE, THERE IS NOBODY WHO KNOWS GOD EXCEPT HIMSELF IN REALITY. “I learned my Lord with my Lord” (In other word, I knew Him with the Holy Spirit that is His divine light) .This hadith is taken from the book “Sırrül Esrar” by Sayyid Abdulkadir Geylani Hazretleri.
The main source of the beings is God.
Question: What is your opinion about Muhyiddini Arabi and the doctrine of Unity of the Being (Existence)?
Answer: In my opinion, Muhyiddini Arabi was a great mystic (Sufi) and philosopher of Islam. His doctrine influenced almost everyone after him and started a new method in Islamic Mysticism movement. However, it is incorrect to call all things god by only depending on his sayings. His intention was not this anyway. Let us think, it is Allah who created this Universe, but where did He create it from? Was there another being apart from Him? If there were, there must have been two eternal beings. Two eternal beings mean two gods, which is impossible. Therefore, Allah created this Universe from Himself, but not from another being besides Him. Then, the main source of all the beings is God Himself. In other words, The Being is one, but, basically, not many.
Nevertheless, we meet two attributes of the being here. One of them is the basis of the existence, which is Allah. This is called as “the necessary being or existence”. There are also beings that are given a shape by the Being, called as the creatures. The person of the Being is called Allah and the manifestations or attributes of Him are called as creatures or the creation. This is the basis of the doctrine of Ibn i Arabi shortly. He who does not accept this doctrine cannot actually put forward any alternative ideas. In that case, there must be another eternal being apart from God, which is contrary to the Islamic belief. At the beginning of Chapter Hadid, it is said: “He is the First and the Last, the Visible and the Unseen.” (Taken from Vatan Newspaper, 14th March, 2006, by Süleyman Ateş)
A SHORT EXPLANATION ABOUT THE STATES OF THE SPIRIT
Spirit is a holy divine light of the essence from the personal attributes, from the decree (condition, mood) of Allah and it has actually no shapes. It takes the shape of where it enters, like water. Water has no shapes; it takes the shape of the container of it. Spirit (Divine Light) has no sex either. The spirit from the Personal Divine Light of Allah was breathed to Adam and he took the shape of Adam. When it was breathed to our mother Eve, it took her shape. Allah has given a personality to this shape that the spirit has taken. He changed it from action to actor-subject. For, spirit is like a light, as a divine light. When he changes from abstract to subject and takes a shape, he becomes personal and transforms into subjective like action or the attribute of the action. What we see in our dreams is not the human body. We see their spirits in the shape of their bodies. Therefore, spirits do not die when they leave the body, what dies is the body.
There is also another point: the spirit in a fine state may be condensed in the body. This spirit taken this state is called as corporal (condensed) spirit same as petrol becomes diesel (fuel) oil or tar (pitch). If Allah wills, He can make the fuel oil fine again (same as crude oil turns to fuel oil). This is called as “purification” in Sufism. The Koran has already declared this:
“Happy shall be the one who is purified.” (A’la, 14)
Spiritual Journey in Sufism means proceeding in the Path of Allah and being purified by ascending to the world of Divine Light again. He mixes into the Divine lights of the attributes of Allah and if he can advance, he reaches the Divine Light of the Person of Allah. This state is called as “Fenafillah - the annihilation in Allah”. In other word, the spirit of the aspirant exceeds the divine lights of the attributes of Allah, annihilates in the divine light of His person and acquires the first state he has come. This is the Unity “the Union with the beloved”. Coming from Allah and returning to Allah is called as “the arc of descent (semi circle line)” and “the arc of ascent (semi circle line)”.
“HE COMES ONE BY ONE
LEAVES ONE BY ONE
THE GREAT ONE WHO IS THE INFINITE DIVINE LIGHT! The Sea of Divine Light, which is infinite and borderless! The sea of His Essence!
And Niyazi Mısri Hazretleri speaks by himself:
“Ey Niyazi, you can see when you dive into the sea of Him (the essence)!”
The Holy Spirit speaks sometimes as the attribute. He is not himself then. The person who speaks as the divine attribute is the Person (the Subject) Himself. Then, Allah (the Subject) changes the spirit from action state to actor (subject) with His power. In this state, the Holy Spirit sees himself and the Great Person ALLAH. He observes that he is as small as a foam bubble in the sea of the person and this time, he speaks as a servant of the Essence. The wise aspirants know this state, they perceive in what state the PERFECT MAN is speaking and they change their behaviors according to His mood. This feature is seen in the Prophets, especially in Jesus (a.s.) and in the Friends of Allah. This changing of the state or mood may happen in Hz. Ali (a.s.), Sayyid AbdulKadir Geylani (a.s.) and in some of the Prophets and the Saints (Friends of Allah). This is called as returning to the Essence (subject) from the attribute and to the attribute from the Essence (subject).
Therefore, the great wise saint, our Master Hazrat Sayyid Ahmed al Rufai says that it is impossible to understand the state of the Perfect Man completely. The complete evolution of the Holy Spirit is possible if you become identical with the holy, pure spirit of Hz. Prophet (A.S.), who is the Sun of Reality. It is to attain the secrecy of the Reality of Muhammad. These divine, spiritual changes were seen most perfectly in the Prophet (A.S.V.). Mawlana Jalaladini Rumi told the following and I met it in his works:
“One day, while our Prophet (A.S.V.) was sitting alone in his room, our Mother Aisha opens the door and enters the room. She hears this voice from Hz. Muhammad (S.A.V.):
-Who are you?
Our Mother Aisha answers that she is Aisha. A voice comes from our Prophet (A.S.V.) again:
-Who is Aisha?
Our Mother Aisha answers:
-Aisha is the daughter of Abu Bakir.
Again, this voice is heard from the Prophet:
-Who is Abu Bakir?
Mother Aisha says: Abu Bakir is Muhammad’s (A.S.V.) father in law.
This very interesting question comes from the Prophet (a.s.v.):
WHO IS MUHAMMAD?
Mother Aisha who heard this gets very astonished. This is called as the changing of the state in Sufism. Spirit speaks sometimes as an attribute and God speaks at that time and sometimes he transforms into the state of subject-actor and he speaks as subject-spirit. He speaks as a servant then and says “MY LORD SAYS THAT…” Sometimes he speaks as if he is the Lord. Spirit changes to the action attribute then.
We can liken the changing of the state as the melting of the piece of ice and becoming water again. In this case, the piece of ice has become completely abstract and isolated from the state of ice. In this situation, the voice that comes from it is the voice of the sea. Sometimes, it transforms into ice from water again, becomes the subject from the attribute state and becomes solid. Then the voice that comes from it is the voice of the ice although its origin is the sea. He sees himself as a small sign of the sea in that sea. The voice coming from it is on behalf of the sea like the SERVANT of the sea.
The Holy Spirit is just like this. He sometimes becomes abstract and loses his own SELF. The voice that comes from the Holy Spirit is directly the voice of the LORD (God). He speaks like the LORD or as a LORD. Sometimes he transforms into his own self (becomes subject) and speaks on behalf of the LORD as a sign of “the Great Ego (Self)”.
The states of “annihilation in Allah” and “abiding in Allah” are the samples of this in Sufism. “Fenafillah is the annihilation of the Spirit in Allah-in the Divine Light of the Essence” same as the melting of the ice in the sea and becoming destroyed. The spirit of the saint in this state speaks like Allah. He does not speak of his own. Allah the Almighty has dominated him and perished him in his own Divine Light. This state is called as the state of complete abstraction.
A disengaged saint may say “I am God, I am Allah”.
A voice from a bush said to Moses: “Moses, Inni Enallahu Rabbul Alemin- Moses, I am Allah, the Lord of the Universe.” (Al-Qassas, 30)
See: Niyazi Mısri says: “Be abstract! And annihilate in this divine Light of the Sea” and he uses the verse I mentioned as an evidence and asks this question. “What is this mystery?” he asks the bush the mystery of this. The bush says in a high voice, “I am Allah.” Here, Allah, who is divine light, dominates the bush and the tree annihilates in the divine light of Allah. Allah descends to the rank of the bush and says to Hz. Moses “I am Allah.” In the Beqabillah state (abiding in Allah): Let us assume that the ice melted in the sea or destroyed in the sea is remade in its former state as a piece of ice in the sea again. But this time, the ice made from the sea is not the same ice again, it looks like it as a shape but its structure is taken from the water in the sea. Salty water is not the same with the water without salt. Like this, Allah, who reconstructed the spirit of the Prophet and the Saint, who annihilated him in the sea of His Person as a shape and wore him the disguise of abiding, constituted him again in the Divine Light of His person or essence. Allah changes him from his abstract state to concrete state (he enables him to have an identity). The hand of Allah is powerful to do these. Allah is the transformer of the states. He is the great power that changes from one state to another.
The holy spirit of the saint that abides in Allah speaks on behalf of Allah. He becomes a preacher and he is addressed by Allah. He speaks with Allah, and Allah speaks with him and the great self sees himself inferior in the presence of Allah. However, he sees this divine self. He, the spirit of that prophet or saint, acquired a divine identity.
If Allah wills, He may be dominant over His spirit. Then such a saying: “I am the truth, I am Him” may be heard from him. However, he is more cautious compared to the saint who became annihilated in Allah. It happens occasionally. What can he do if Allah is dominant over him? Such sayings are heard from the Perfect Saints very often, for example:
Hazreti Junaydi Bagdadi said, “They keep saying Junayd, Junayd for 30 years but there is nobody but Allah in this robe.”
Beyazidi Bistami Hazretleri said, “I declare the praises of my glorious Majesty (greatness) Glory to me!.”
Mawlana also said, “All is You, everything is You
He who says “you” is also “you”.
In the biographies of Sufis and Muslim saints, only Mansur is mentioned to have said, “I am God.” Such expressions are heard from many exalted saints as well. “What is this secrecy-mystery?” The tree said to Moses, “Moses! I am Allah.”
This is but the secret of “Hemeost- All is He”. The state of the Holy Spirit of the Saint who was annihilated in Allah (who reached Fenafillah) is the state of the tree that says to Hz. Moses: “I am Allah.” (Al-Qassas, 30)
Mawlana Jalaladini Rumi said, “Love makes the slave (servant) a Master.”
And Ikbal from Pakistan said, “Love makes the Master a slave.”
The following lines of Yunus are very well-known:
“If you depart between them
Your Creator remains there.”
The confirmation of Hz. Fuzuli on this subject is the most apparent and satisfactory one. Therefore, I submit the following poem of Fuzuli to your understanding, concerning this subject.
“The perfect pleasure is love, he who continues it
Finds the warmth in wine and the voice in the reed flute
The intimacy of unity does not leave the palace of seclusion
For the lover and the beloved separated
The valley of Unity is the rank of love in reality
For, the Sultan and the poor cannot be seen separately.”
The meaning of the last two lines is, THE PLACE OF UNITY IS IN FACT THE RANK OF LOVE BECAUSE IT IS IMPOSSIBLE FOR THE SULTAN (MASTER) AND THE POOR (THE SERVANT) TO BE SEEN SEPARATELY AT THE RANK OF LOVE. THERE ARE NOT TWO SEPARATE PERSONS AT THAT RANK. THE LOVER HAS BECOME THE BELOVED AND THE BELOVED HAS BECOME THE LOVER, SAME AS MAJNOUN (Mecnun) BECAME LEILI (Leyla) AND LEILI BECAME MAJNOUN. FOR, THE BLOOD OF LEILI IS IN THE VEINS, IN THE CELLS OF MAJNOUN.” (By Fuzuli)
There is not a duality at the rank of Unity-the Union with the Beloved. There are not two things as the dawn of the sun and the sun or the foam and the sea. There is not dawn but there is the sun; there is not foam but the sea. If the Holy Spirit reaches Allah, who is his source, his origin, there cannot be two beings as the slave and the Lord. There is Lord at that rank but there is not a slave or servant. There are not two things or lovers in the union with the beloved. If you annihilate in the Divine Light of the Lord, you are not a slave anymore, there is only one eternal divine light-the Glorious Lord. There is unity in the union with the beloved but not duality. There is the beloved. The lover melts and annihilates in the beloved same as the ice melts and annihilates in the sea. There is no ice but only one sea.
“The spirit cannot fit into the prison of body, filled with excitement
The desire of God cannot stay in matter, shut up, captive
Abandon the sophistry and the philosophy
Your mind cannot fill up this scale
The other scale is full of with the secrets of creation
There cannot be any measure to it in philosophy.”
By Enis Behiç Koryürek
(Taken from his poetry book called “Varidatı Süleyman Çelebi”)
I finish my words with a poem I wrote in our book “EXISTENCE”.
If you proved the existence of the existence
The mystery is solved, your struggle ended
The proof of the existence is to annihilate non-existence
This is the real meaning of LA and İLLA
Say with LA that non-existence does not exist
And with İLLA the EXISTENCE exists
This is the reality, the physical world is
The manifestation of the sole, absolute Existence
The sea becomes exuberant, declares the Divine Unity
Foam is the witness of the Oneness of the sea
Manyness exists in Unity and Unity in Multiplicity
Manyness is the sign of the Sole Entity
The beginning of the hundred thousand of foam
Is obviously known to be the sea
Foam bubbles are lost again in the sea
This is the proof that He is the last
The existence is a whole, He has no boundary,
For, non-existence is non-existent, no limit for existence
Thus, this is the Divinity, the ETERNITY
Creation is the manifestation of God Himself
It is absolute that nothing existed from non-existence
The Creation is from the Divine Light of God’s Person
It is impossible to see the infinite as a whole
Seen and hidden is HE, HE is the visible and the invisible
He reported that He is the First and the Last,
The Seen and the Unseen is Himself
The first is HU, the last is HU, the outer is HU and inner is HU
This is the explanation of LA and İLLA
(by Kazim Yardımcı)
KAZIM YARDIMCI /ADIYAMAN
18th January 2006