The Essence Of Dialectic Is Divine

The Eternal Existence Allah is only One. His presence is sole but His hands are two, He has two kinds of attributes or qualities.

Tyranny-Blessing, Might-Beauty, Violence-Mercy.... and so on. These interrelated oppositions are the attributes of Allah. The oppositions compete against each other and make an endless fight. One side becomes dominant over the other side. Life goes on with their combination (synthesis) into a complete whole. Nature changes every instant because Allah is alive and active.

"Külle yevmin hüve fi şa'n-Allah is in a majesty, glory and activity every instant." (Al-Rahman, 29)

"Evolution" is also based on the mystery of this verse. Peace and order continue for a period of time then, synthesis becomes corrupted and the secret war continues, so an open war starts again. One side becomes superior to the other side again. Order is re-arranged and life goes on in peace.

Synthesis-analysis, combination-division (war-peace, war-peace) follows each other and stretches out to infinity. If we assume that this war stops for a while, then, nature, society, the ideas of man cease and life becomes very monotonous and dull, which makes the life very boring and tiring. As a result, every living thing kills itself or perishes, annihilates and destroys itself.

Man lives with the desire of infinite excitement, hope and improvement. Perfection, enlightenment and evolution come true by means of it. The essence of dialectic is "Divine" and this important fact was transmitted 1400 years ago with the Koran:

"Allah is One. He has two hands - Allah is both stern (wrathful) and merciful (compassionate)."

"Zü'l celâli ve'l ikram - He is the Lord of Majesty and Grace." (Al-Rahman, 78)

Jamal: All the beauties in nature and in man...

Jalal: All the wickedness, ugliness and wildness in plants, in nature and in man...

The good-the bad, the cruel-the kind, the tormentors -the weak etc. and their continuous, endless contradictions, fights, loves, peace, wars, struggles, weeping and laughter. This is Life. Although God and the righteous know this fact, they are always in favor of justice, beauty and peace. God's consent is in favor of goodness but unfortunately, bad people are always in majority so wickedness, cruelty, oppression and overwhelming are prior.

The lines below,written by Yunus Emre and Niyazi Misri, emphasized on this duality and contradiction. They indicated the divine dialectic both in nature, in man and in society 300-600 years ago:

From Yunus Emre:

"The Creator and the Master of all the people is only one God,

But, why are some people unaware of it, denial and wicked?

What is the secrecy, the reason, the mystery of it?

He who knows it must answer it."

He intends to say that there is only one Creator but He has two hands, from one of His hands the good and the righteous are manifested; from the other hand of Him, the unbelievers, the bad are manifested.

Niyazi also said:

"He is manifesting all the time, sometimes from His wrath, sometimes from His mercy.

The result of one is the Hell, the other is the Paradise.

Wherever there is a rose, a thorn is seen next to it,

Wherever there is a Perfect Man (a Prophet, a Wali, a saint),

Some people deny him, some people accept him!"

God, who is the unique, Absolute Existence, manifests and becomes visible every instant just like the springing up of the pool with a fountain. He is alluding (1) to the verse below:

"He is in a glory every instant (in an activity)." (Al-Rahman, 29)

His constant manifestations come into existence sometimes from His Wrath, sometimes from His Mercy. As a result of this, there are two kinds of concepts in nature, in man and in society: it is either Paradise (gardens, beautiful flowers or goodness, love, respect, order, cooperation, justice and all kinds of beauties that are the appearances of Him as Jamal); or His wrathful attributes, such as wickedness, injustice, cruelty, violence, all the wicked, evil events that manifest from His Wrath or Might.

"Zü'l celâli ve'l ikram - Allah is the Lord of Majesty and Blessing (Might and Glory)." (Al-Rahman, 78)

"İ'lemu ennallahe şedidü'l ikâbi veennallahe gafurürrahim - Know that Allah is Forgiving and Merciful." (Al-Maidah, 98)

Niyazi continues as follows:

"Wherever there is a rose, there is also a thorn on the same rose sapling."

There are also some famous Turkish proverbs such as: "There is no rose without a thorn" and "Whoever likes the rose bears its thorn".

For this reason, wherever there is a "Perfect Man", there are some people who accept and approve Him and there are also some others who do not like this Holy Man and they refuse or deny Him (just like the rose and the thorn).


(1) Allude: To speak about something, but in an indirect way


The Experts of Sufism, who are the fathers of our ideas, had told and explained this important reality very amazingly hundreds of years ago, before Marx and Engels were born. The messenger of "Real Dialectic is the Koran" and the teacher of the Universe that presented it to Mankind is "The Prophet Muhammad". And the real person to explain this Knowledge is "Hazrat Aliyyel Mürteza", who is the "Door of Knowledge", and "the King of all the Sufi saints" as well as his students, the spiritual teachers, scholars, the learned men and the Friends of God who are brought up in the path and Tariqat of Sufism which belongs to Hazrat Ali. Niyazi Misri also said:

"Niyazi became a dot in the throne of "Ba"

When he became an intimate with the secret of Ali."

Niyazi Misri, who is a great scholar and Sufi, praised, appreciated and understood the value of Hazrat Ali, who is the religious teacher, the Leader, the King of all the Friends of God, of all the pious and learned people, and he expressed the superiority and importance of this Great Shah in his poems. Hazrat, Ali who is the King of Sanctity and the Lion of Allah, said in one of his speeches:

"The Torah, The Psalms of David and the Bible have been hidden in the "Koran". The Koran has been hidden in the Sura of "Yasin", the Sura of Yasin has been hidden in the Sura of Ikhlas (Kulhüvallahü Ehad).

The Sura of Ikhlas has been hidden in the formula of Bismillahirrahmanirrahim" and "Bismillahirrahmanirrahim" has been hidden in the dot under the letter "Ba" (in Arabic)" and "Ene nokta'tün taht-ı ba- The dot under the letter "Ba" is Me."

"Niyazi became a dot under the letter "Ba", he was included into that dot when he solved the secret and the mystery of Ali… ! "When he became an intimate with the secret of Ali."

The mystery or the secret called in Sufism as "the Divine Light of Ahmad, the Secret of Ali" and which is defined in the prayers as "O Lord! For the sake of the Divine Light of Ahmed and the Secret of Ali" is the Prophet Muhammad who is the Divine Light of the Sole Existence and His brother Hazrat Ali ibni Talib, who is the Koran himself.

The Prophet Muhammad, who is the Sultan of 18000 worlds, said:

"Ali is with the Koran; the Koran is with Ali." (2)

"God (Haq-the Truth) is with Ali; and Ali is with Haq." (3)

"Ali is from Me and I am from Ali." (4)

"I am the city of knowledge; Ali is the gate to this city." (5)

"My friendship may be attained if you love Ali." (6)

The above sayings of the Prophet are hidden in "Ene nokta'tün taht-ı Ba- The dot under the letter "Ba" is Me"said by Hazrat Ali. This is the Secret of Ali, the Secret of God and the Secret of the Divine Light of Ahmed.

Another Sufi poet "Muhammad İkbal" from Pakistan said in his book called "Mystery and Cipher-Esrar ve Rumuz": "Allah, Allah! Ebu' Hasan (Haydar-i Kerrar Imam Ali k.v.) "I am the dot under the letter Ba ". “Allah, Allah!" He got surprised and made a cry. He went into ecstasy when he learnt the above saying of Hazrat Ali, who is the Door of Knowledge and deserved all the praises.

May Allah enable us to understand and learn this secret and be benefited from the knowledge of this Great Shah. May peace be with him!


(2) From the Prophet's wife Ümmü Seleme; Taberâni, Feyzü'l Kadir, vol. 4, p.356

(3) "Hz. Peygamberin Dilinden Dört Halifesi -The Four Caliphs told by the Prophet" trans. A. Fikri Yavuz, p .259, Sönmez Publication, 1981, Ist.

(4) Same book, pp. 244,257, 254

(5)From Hz. Ibn Abbas; Tirmizi, sahih (agreed) vol.2, p.399

From Cabir: Suyuti, Camiussağir, vol .1, p. 108

(6) "Hz. Peygamberin Dilinden Dört Halifesi" trans. A. F. Yavuz, from İbn Abbas; p.261, Sönmez Publication, 1981-İstanbul

Now I present you a poem that describes Hazrat İmam Ali, written by Sheikh Galip who is the Teacher, the Father and the Sultan of Mawlavis:

"O Ali, who is both the object and the reflector of the mystery! (7)

O Ali, who is the Commander of the Twelve Imams;*

Three of whom are Husayn, Musa and Jafar

Two of whom are called Hasan,

Three of whom are named Muhammad

And four of whom are called Ali."

Sheikh Galip, the writer of "Hüsn-ü Aşk"

Another poem is from Enderi Dede from Gaziantep:

"The Chief of the Heavenly Messengers is Muhammad Mustafa,

Aliyyel Mürteza is the dot under the letter "Ba"!" (8)


(7) object: in whom the mysteries have been apparent

reflector: who shows or reflects the mysteries. It means one who takes the light into him and then reflects it like a mirror. He both knows all the secrets and teaches them to the Friends of God.

Edeb Ya Hu! ("Be respectful towards God!")

(8) Enderi Dede (Father Enderi) is the last religious teacher of Gaziantep Bektashi Dervish Lodge.

*The Twelve Imams mentioned in the poem are as follows:

Imam Aliyyül Mürteza, Imam Hasan, Imam Husayn, Imam Ali Zeynel Abidin, Imam Muhammad Bakır, Imam Ja'far al Sadıq, Imam Musa-i Kâzim, Imam Muhammad Taki, Imam Ali Naki, Imam Hasan al Askeri, Imam Muhammad Mahdi

They are the sacred heirs of Muhammad (a.s.v.), who come from the sacred Family of Muhammad.