SACRED PEOPLE (INNOCENCE)
AHL AL BAYT
THE MUQARRABUNS AMONG THE COMPANIONS AND THE COMMUNITY OF MUHAMMAD
A SUBJECT MATTER
The PERFECT (MATURE) MAN: (İnsan-ı Kâmil)
THE ENTRANCE OF SPIRITS INTO HUMAN BODY
THE RETURNING OF THE SPIRITS
WHAT IS SPIRIT?
SPIRIT AND THE KINDS OF SPIRIT
THE KINDS OF SELF
FOUR MAQAMS (RANKS) FOUR ALEMS (WORLDS, HEAVENS)
FOUR MAQAMS (RANKS) FOUR ALEMS (WORLDS, HEAVENS)
RABITA (DIVINE CONNECTION)
RABITA (DIVINE CONNECTION)
SACRED TRADITIONS (HADITHS) ABOUT ADAM AND THE PERFECT MAN
THE SACRED TRADITIONS (HADİTH-İ ŞERİF)
SUFISM IS THE ESSENCE - KERNEL- OF RELIGION
As it is known, every scholar has interpreted religion according to himself, from his point of view. The problem is to choose the most proper one for the essence of religion. Religious interpretation of the Sufis is the most appropriate for Islam because Sufism is the teaching of the essence of religion. It is not interested in the exterior aspects, rules and canonical laws, shortly in details. Sufism tries to teach Allah, Nature, Man and the realities of them. The beauty, order and wisdom in nature are the reflections of Allah on the nature. Nature is the work of Allah and Man is the greatest work of Him, because he is consisted of a body and Spirit (Mind). He is the most superior of all the worlds because he is the synthesis of the inner and outer worlds. Sufis try to live this knowledge, order, wisdom and beauties in nature and see the physical and spiritual beauties in human and learn the divine realities of them.
“He who knows himself (his essence) knows God.”
Briefly, Sufism is the Knowledge of Allah, Wisdom and Love. Sufis know that Allah is the essence of Man (Human) and nature. This is infinite knowledge and wisdom. To know the Absolute Existence is to fall in love with this Absolute Beauty. Sufism does not deal with the Canonical Law and Jurisprudence. It does not care about the Catechism except enough knowledge for performing the worship. Shariat (Law) and Tariqat (Way) are not his aims or objectives and they are not the essential but only the details, symbols and ways.
“A Sufi looks for Allah, who has encompassed both the Earth and the Heavens and who is the infinite knowledge, beauty and energy, in human and in his heart.”
Again, a Sufi would like to learn wisdom (True Knowledge) and divine reality through deep contemplation and to love the Divine Beauty (the Absolute Beauty) through the beauties of human and nature, that is to say, he tries to acquire real love by metaphorical love.
The result of this is good moral qualities and honesty, which means to consider the benefits of the society more than his own benefits and to be realistic and sincere by abstaining completely from hypocrisy. It is to struggle against his own carnal self and desires but not of the others’, leaving all kinds of fights, arguments, temptations, corruption and intrigue. It is to be merciful, generous and be pleased with the little in this life and also to oppose violence and terror.
A real Sufi is against formal (disguise) Islam. He does not pay any importance to Madrasa, Tekke (convent) and Mascid (places of worship). He finds reality in himself and seeks Allah in his heart. His place of worship is his heart because the real tekke and mascid (mosque) is the Heart. The most important thing for the heart is the Remembrance (Ziqr) and the Love of Allah (the Remembrance of the heart and the love of the heart). This is not an external remembrance or physical love.
It is deep contemplation (thinking), remembrance (to remember Allah and never forget Him) and more importantly, to love God, the Perfect Man (Adam), who is the great and mysterious work of Him, his children and nature.
It is to become mature while being immature and to reach divine perfection. All the Sufis have explained it in this way. This humble servant (fakir) has already explained Sufism in details in the books we have written so far, such as: “Varlık (Existence), İslâm’ da Mezhepler ve Yükseliş (The Religious Sects in Islam and Ascending)”, “Muhammed-İsa-Adem (Muhammad-Jesus-Adam)” and in others. Yunus Emre and Sayyid Ahmed er Rufai Hz. also summarized Sufism, which is a divine sea, as follows:
Yunus: “Shariat and Tariqat is a way for the one who reaches them.
Marifat (Divine Wisdom) and Hakiqat (Divine Reality) are in the heart.”
And Sayyid Ahmed er Rufai Hz. said:
“The heart of a Sufi is lighted with love,
His spiritual heart is broad (comforted).
With the Divine Light of Gnosis”
(His bosom is not depressive)
We believe in these two precepts and try to find them.
See what the Sufi Poet Neyzen Tevfik said about this subject:
“Sufism stands up to ignorance in Islam
Forget about Rafizi, Alawi, Sunni, all of them
Take offence at all of them,
Mecca, Medina, Karbala, Jerusalem
Their meaning in appearance is ornamentation
I do not care for Masjid, Madrasa, Monastery, and Church, Vatican…”
(*) Poet Neyzen Tevfik meant to say that the striking appearance of these rituals is ornamentation. However, he indicates that he is respectful to the real meanings of these places.
March 10th, 2000 Alanya KAZIM YARDIMCI (1936-Adıyaman)
Sources: “Yunus Divanı”, “Onların Alemi” by Sayyid Ahmed er Rufai, 25th hadith
The earth has become meaningful with human being since the first man until our time. Good men, bad men, ignorant men, wise men….. While these happened, the History of Humanity continued and it will continue as long as God permits.
Man is helpless or weak in the process of how he will draw seventy thousand curtains between himself and his Lord, who is his source. We cannot ignore this truth either. In other words, humanity wants to unite with his origin, with his sovereign whom he misses and for whom he composed hymns. However, he does not know the method or the way to do this.
Allah the Most High, who loves his servants very much and sends them to the world as “His caliph, His Deputy”, has brought up some “innocent people” who will teach other people the secrets of reaching (meeting) Himself, who will “train their Spirit” and meanwhile purify their self. Meanwhile they will make them taste attaining the absolute freedom by opening them up to eternity freeing them from their wild carnal desires. The Perfect Men, who were brought up (were trained spiritually), have brought up the next one and they have brought up the following ones. They are called as “Perfect Men” under the names Apostle, Prophet, Saint, Messenger etc.
However, the Satan has an eternal function or duty: to be the enemy of man. Wherever and whenever there has been a Perfect Man, wild, cruel creatures that have taken the shape of men in cooperation with Satan have struggled against these innocent, pure Perfect Men:
Kabil against Habil, the Pharaoh against Hz. Moses, Nimrod against Hz. Abraham, Abu Sufyan against Hz. Muhammad, Muawiyah against Hz. Ali and the cursed Yazid against the Shah of the Martyrs: Imam Husayn.
The more interesting point of this matter is these opponents opposed to them either accepting themselves as a God or excluding Allah, the Sole God, from the Perfect Man completely. Allah the Most High said in the Glorious Koran: “Those who swear fealty to you, swears fealty to Me.” (Al-Fath, 10) However, they said: “Shall mortals be our guides, shall we obey “MAN” while there is Allah “and they become disbelievers.” (Teghabun, 6)
In the West, the Protestants; in the East, Wahhabis, who were under the influence of Ibni Taymiyya’s opinions, started to say that nobody can interfere between Man and God (even by means of Spirit).
In other words, they mean to say there is a road, a vehicle but no need for a driver; or there is flour, an oven but there is no need for a cook. No! No! Our first father the Prophet Adam (May peace be upon him!) taught human beings the way of meeting God as well as teaching them planting wheat, lighting a fire and carrying water. For, the first Perfect Man who came to the world was Adam.
If we accept the man as a being with only external organs, that is to say, a being that worships with only his hands and arms, then how will man pass to the next world, to the beyond from this physical world? How will he meet the Sovereign of the Worlds and His own sovereign as well?
Therefore, there is a need for the Perfect Men who will enable the spiritual connection between himself and his Lord and meanwhile the matters concerning the order of the society and the happiness of the human beings. They are the Perfect Men who have the special qualities both of a Prophet; to arrange the Islamic Canonical Jurisprudence and the qualities of the Prophet-the Friend of God that help people to come together with “his origin” by means of Spirit.
Our dear Prophet and some of the former Prophets had served as a lawmaker and as a spiritual trainer.
When the History of Mankind is searched, we meet this striking reality: Human beings are always tried, tested by the Perfect Man. It is easy to accept Allah the Most High, who is the Lord of the Universe, because:
“All that is in heaven and earth gives glory to Him.” (Al-Jumah, 1/ Teghabun, 1)
However, it is difficult to accept the Adams of Allah. While gravity attracts man to itself, the people of Heavens attract him to God and to Divine World. Thus, man is in the struggle of between spirit and matter. He will either tend to metaphysical world- to infinity- or to matter by means of his excess desire to worldly things-to mortality-. He will be annihilated in one of them gradually.
When, especially, “the Chapter Anbiyah” is read carefully, Allah the Most High reproached and got angry with people and He even perished some places, as they had not respected His Messengers (Prophets). He wanted people to love and respect His Perfect Men (Hz. Abraham, Lot, Shuayb etc.) deeply.
As the sun rises and sets, the trees produce leaves and humanity continues with all the adventures, there will be the Guides for the True Guidance, a guide -a Perfect Man-, whose inside is with the Truth and outside is with people, for the human beings in the past, today and future. The union of God and Man will continue from the first man until the last man. Nobody will prevent or hinder this. However, there will be some people who will object to it, will tell bad words and who will hang them and throw them into fire and who will flay, torture them to death because human is the source of Love and violence.
There will be some people who like the divine light and who get angry at it, although they benefit from it. The Perfect Men have always been in favor of Divine Light, and in the divine light and in the infinity of Divine Light.
And this has been the truth from Adam until Mahdi (May peace be upon them and upon the sinless Perfect Men who are among them!)
And this truth will never change. Therefore, this union between God and the Perfect Man and with immature Man will continue.
This valuable book that is presented to humanity by Holy and Wise person Kazım Yardımcı, who is our pride and the source of our opinions, is explaining this union that will continue for years.
“Peace be on the Apostles! Praise to God, Lord of the Universe.” (Saffat, 181,182)
M. Nedim Turaç
SACRED PEOPLE (INNOCENCE)
We are going to state the opinions of the Religious Sects at the beginning of this subject:
- The Externalists (Ibni Hazım and the supporters of Ibn Taymiyya-Wahhabis- who follow him): According to them, only Allah is sacred. Nobody else, including the Prophets, are not sacred. Therefore, nobody is innocent.
- Ahl al Sunnat (Asharites and Maturidies): According to them, Allah and the Prophets are sacred. Therefore, only the Prophets are innocent and only the Prophets are innocent due to it. However, according to Asharites, The Sanctity (Divine Guidance) of Muhammad is still continuing.
There are Saints in other words, the Fiends of God. The miraculous influence or support of the Saints and their power of sanctity are true.
However, Shia knows Allah, the Prophets, Ahl al Bayt and also the 12 Imams and Sayyids (the descendants of the Prophet) sacred. They accept Ahl al Bayt and the 12 Imams innocent.
- Salafiyya (Holy Men of Old): They are the Friends of God and Sufis who accept the belief of Ahl al Bayt and of the Companions of the Prophet. Salafiyya (1) refuses philosophical and theological belief. The philosophers such as Ibni Sina, Farabi, Kindi Ibn Rushd can be shown as examples to them.
- Scholastic Theologians: They are Mutazila, Asharites and Maturidis.
- Selefis: They are the people who do not accept Philosophers and Theologians and rationalism (consisting beliefs through reason).
Selefis, in other words, the Sufis who are the Saints-the Friends of God- know Allah as the Most Sacred and they know the Word of Allah, His Spirit and Angels “sacred” as well. Those who are innocent are the ones who are purified by Allah.
According to Sufis, the Holy Spirit and Angels are “sacred” and “innocent”.
(1) We have quoted the part about “Selefiyye” in A. Hamdi Akseki’s “İSLAM DİNİ- İtikad, İbadet ve Ahlak” exactly as it is: ‘Selefiyye: The Companions of the Prophet and the experts in the canon Law of Islam and the traditionalists who belonged to the religious sect of Tabiin (Followers) are in the Religious Sect of Selefiyye.
Those who belong to Selefiyye Sect believe in Allah the Most High with the highest respect. They do not attempt to explain in details and they do not need to put forward ideas elaborately.
They accept exactly whatever the Glorious Koran said about the existence of Allah. Those who are in Selefiyye sect confirm the names and the attributes of Allah the Almighty as they came to them befitting Allah’s dignity. They also praise the laws of God externally befitting Allah’s dignity and they do not put a forced construction on the verses of the Koran concerning canon laws, they do not interpret them again.
The first Hanafis followed Salafiyya Religious Sect and those who came after them followed Maturidiyya Religious sect. Likewise, the first Shafiis and Malikis followed Selefiyye Sect and those who came after them followed Asharite Religious Sect. Most of those who belong to Hanbali Religious Sect are Selefis, there are some Asharites among them. (“İslam Dini-İtikat, İbadet, Ahlak” by A. Hamdi Akseki, p. 48 Ankara, 1983) See also “Islam Ansiklopedisi, the article about Selefiye”, “Müslümanlığın Temel Bilgileri” by Abdülkadir Karahan, p. 19, İstanbul-1986)
The spirit, the breath and the glance of the person who bears Holy Spirit is sacred. The innocent one is the sacred one. He is also Holy Spirit. It is the spiritual, divine breath and divine glance. The sacred person is the one who is purified from the dirt of the self.
The sacred Spirit is the purified spirit. The clean, pure, chaste and virtuous spirit is sacred.
“Say: the spirit is from my Lord’s Command (Decree).” (Al-Isra, 85)
The Spirit is the Divine decree and the Decree is the pure spirit of Allah.
“I breathed into man from My Spirit.” (Sad, 72)
Decree is the exalted (lofty) word of Allah as well. (2)
Who are the pure, the purified people according to the Koran? Now we are going to answer this question:
First, it is Hz. Prophet of Allah (a.s.v.): His pure, divine spirit is the greatest spirit. It is the universal spirit. He is the Father of all the Spirits. He is the Divine Light (Nur) of Ahmed, who is the divine light of Allah, who is the sole existence. It is the Divine Light of the sole and the holiest God. It is also the total, the whole of the divine words.
“In hüve illa vahyü’n yuha- His word is the word of Allah.” (Al-Najm, 4)
(2) “Ve kelimetullahi hiye’l ulya-The exalted word is the word of Allah only.” (Al-Tawba, 40)
“Kul nezellehu Ruh’ul Kudusi min Rabbike- Say: The Holy Spirit is coming down (descending) from your Lord.” (Al-Nahl, 102)
The first Spirit is the greatest, supreme Spirit, the Divine Light of Hz. Ahmed (a.s.), known as the “Reality of Muhammad”.
The hadith “When Adam was between mud and water, I was even then the Prophet” (3) is the proof of it.
“I have sent you forth but as a blessing to the worlds.” (Al-Anbiyah, 107)
“Were it not for you, O Muhammad, I would not have brought creatures into being.” (4)
The above Koran verse and the sacred hadiths confirm that he is “the first” and “the greatest” Divine Spirit.
He is Mustafa-the elect-. He was chosen. He is the Sun. He is the Sun of Reality. After him, the spirits of the earlier Prophets are sacred. They are the ones who are the bearers of the Holy Spirit.
And then, the pure spirits of the Ahl al Bayt (the Prophet’s immediate family):
“İnnema yüridüllahi liyüzhibe ankümürricse Ehl’el Beyt’i veyütehhirreküm tethira- Allah really wills to purify you Ahl al Bayt –to purify from the dirt of the self-.” (Ahzab, 33)
The person who Allah purifies is sacred. The sacred people are “innocent”.
All of the Ahl al Sunnat and Shia have accepted that this verse is about our Masters Hz. Ali (k.v.), Hz. Fatima, Hz. Hasan and Hz. Husayn and they are our Sayyids.
“Ahl al Bayt are Hz. Ali, Fatima, Hasan and Husayn.” (5)
(3) Thirmizi, Menakib, I
Ibn Hanbel, 4/66
(4) Ajluni, 2/ 163
(5) From our Mother Ummu Salama: Thirmizi, Sunen, vol. 5, p. 663
From our Mother Aisha: Muslim, sahih, vol.7, p. 130
This sacred hadith was narrated by our pure Prophet’s pure wives, by Mother Ummu Salama and Mother Aisha.
After them, those who are innocent and pure are the 12 Imams:
“There are 12 Imams for this community after me”. (6)
According to the above hadith, the 12 Imams are pure because the Imamate they bear is the Divine Guidance and the Imamate of Muhammediye.
Our dear Prophet, the Sultan of the 18 thousands worlds, said:
“I bear the Divine Guidance (Sanctity) of Allah and Ali bears my Divine guidance.” (7)
“Ali is from Me and I am from Ali.” (8)
“The Truth (Haq) is with Ali and Ali is with the Truth.” (9)
“Whoever I am the master of and Ali is also his master.” (10)
“Ali is with the Koran and the Koran is with Ali.” (11)
(6) From Hz. Jabir, Ahmed b. Hanbel, Musned, vol.5, p.106
Sahihi Buhari, vol.4, p. 501
(7) The complete sacred hadith is: He should accept and follow Abu Talib’s son Ali, who believes me and confirms me, as a “Friend, Guide”. For his sanctity is My sanctity and my sanctity is His sanctity.” From Ammar B. Yasir, Hz. Peygamberin Dilinden Dört Halifesi, trans. By A.F. Yavuz, Sönmez Publ. İst. 1981, p.278
Binbir Hadis by Şemseddin Yeşil, p.181, İstanbul, 1983
(8) Hz. Peygamberin Dilinden Dört Halifesi, trans. By A. F. Yavuz p. 244, 247, 254
(9) The same work: p. 259
(10) From Zayd b. Erkam, Burayda, Habashi and Enes (r.a.)
Thirmizi, Tac trans. Bekir Sadak, vol. 4, p. 281
(11) Hz. Peygamberin Dört Halifesi, p. 253
“Ali is my brother.” (12)
“Ali is my executor (He acts and speaks on my behalf).” (13)
“Ali is the Friend of believers, the Sayyid of Muslims and the Imam of the Pious.” (14)
“You should love Ali to gain my friendship.” (15)
“Ali is the chief of Believers, however, the chief of the tyrant people is property.” (16)
“Believers like Ali but the hypocrites do not like Ali.” (17)
Hundreds of similar hadiths can be given as examples.
The Ahl al Bayt of the Prophet are pure. They are great saints. This purity comes directly from Allah depending on the above verse. (18) Therefore, they are also pure like the former Prophets before our Prophet. The purified person is sacred and innocent.
Their sanctity is the “Sanctity of Muhammadiye”.
“Ela inne evliyaalahi la haffün aleyhim velahüm yahzenun - Be awake! The Servants of God has nothing to fear or regret.” (Yunus, 62-63)
(12) From Ibn Omar; Thirmizi, Tac Transl., Bekir Sadak, vol.3, p. 264 From Abu Umame, Taberani
(13) From Hz. Selman: “Hz. Peygamberin Dört Halifesi,
A.F. Yavuz, p. 280
From Habeşi b. Cunade; Thirmizi, Tac trans. B. Sadak, vol. 3,p.624
(14) “Hz. Peygamberin Dört Halifesi, trans. by A.F. Yavuz
From Imran b. Hüseyin, p.247-276
From Ibn Omar, p. 282
(15) The same work, from Ibn Abbas, p. 261
(16) The same work, from Hz. Ali (k.v.) p. 266
(17) The same work from Hz. Ali (k.v.) p. 243
From Ummu Salama, p.248
The spirits of Ahl al Bayt are holy Spirits and they are sacred like the spirits of the Prophets as they are purified God Himself. The Holy Spirit or the sacred Spirit is innocent and the people who bear this spirit are regarded “innocent “as well. For, the real innocent one is the Holy Spirit. They are called as the “Innocent ones-Mukaddeseler” in Islamic Literature.
Physical body is not sacred. Therefore, it cannot be innocent, sinless and faultless. The Spirit of Adam was sacred. It was pure and holy. What Angels prostrated before was not the physical body of Adam but the Holy Spirit, which is the divine breath of Allah, His decree, His word.
“I breathed into man from My Spirit.” (Sad, 72)
The Angels prostrated before the pure Spirit of Allah in the person of Adam.
As the book continues, detailed explanations will be given about the Spirit of Allah, which is sacred, pure and innocent.
Who are the “Holy Ones” (those who are pure, virtuous and innocent” after the Prophet of Allah, the Prophets and Ahl al Bayt of Muhammad (a.s.v.)?
They are the Friends of God. The Friends of God are pious believers. Allah qualifies them as “those to the fore (the Favorites of God)”:
“You have been divided into three multitudes: those on the right, those on the left and those to the fore. Those to the fore are the ones who approached Allah.” (Al-Vaqıa, 7-10)
Those on the right: They are believers.
Those on the left: They are disbelievers (they are the tyrant, the hypocrite and pervert ones and those whose hearts are hardened) (19)
(19) Our Shariat qualified polytheists, Sebeis, Jews, Christians and those whose hearts are hardened as non-Muslims. Non-Muslims are those who are not Muslims.
Those who are drawn near Allah: they are both the Friends of God during the former Prophets and the Friends of God from his friends at our Prophet’s time and from his community until the Resurrection Day.
The Sacred hadith concerning those are as follows:
“Allah created Adam in his own image.” (20)
“I can fit neither the earth nor the heavens but I am in the heart of my faithful servant.”(21)
“O the son of man! Whoever shows enmity towards my friend has started a war to Me.” (22)
“When I love a servant of mine, I am his hearing with which he hears, his seeing with which he sees, his hand with which he does work (strikes) and his foot with which he walks.” (23)
In another hearsay:
“I become his heart that he thinks with and his tongue that he speaks with.”
By the way, we would like to remind that the Leader of the Friends of God is Imam Ali (k.v.).
The Perfect Men who are reported with the verses about “those who are close to Allah” and who are from the Companions of our Prophet and from his People are the Friends of God, that is to say, they are our saintly Masters.
According to the message given by the above Chapter Vaqıa, there are three types of people:
(20) From Buhari and Muslim, Kudsi Hadisler, vol. 1, p. 172, Madve publ. 1991, İstanbul
(21) Kırk Hadis, Sadreddin Konevi,p.82 Transl. by Harun Ünal, Vahdet Publ. 1984, İstanbul, Ajluni, Keşfu’l Hafa, 2/195
(22) From Buhari, Kudsi Hadisler: vol.1, p. 153
Madve publ. 1991, İstanbul
(23) Buhari, Müsned, from Camiussağir: Kırk Hadis, Sadrettin Konevi, trans. by Harun Ünal Vahdet Yayınları, 1984, İstanbul
Those on the right: Believers, Muslims
Those on the left: Atheists, hypocrites, perverts
Sabiquns (important religious leaders): Those who approached Allah
Let us explain the verse about the Friends of God in Chapter Yunus: (24)
As it is known, these verse and all the commandments of the Koran address the first believers during our Prophet’s time, in other words, to us and to all the people.
In another verse, it addresses directly to the first believers and to all the people of the Prophet Muhammad:
“Sümme evresne’l kitabellezinestefeyna min ibadina ve minhüm zalimun linefsihi ve minhüm müktesidin ve minhüm sabikun bi’l hayrati biiznillah-We have bestowed the Book on those of our Servants whom we have chosen. Some sin against their souls, some follow a middle course and some, by God’s leave, vie with each other in charitable works: This is the supreme virtue.” (Al-Fatir, 32)
This verse involves the Companions, the first Believers and all the Believers who will continue until the Resurrection day.
This verse also qualifies the People of Muhammad, Believers and Muslims, including the Honorable Companions, as the “heirs of the Koran and it classifies them into three groups.
1- Those who sin against their souls: They will commit evil, grave sins. That is to say, they will be evildoers.
2- Those who follow a middle course: Those who are of medium. They are between good deeds and bad deeds.
3- Sabiquns: They are the Honorable Companions and the Friends of God among the People of Muhammad. They are the ones who approached Allah. They are the intimate friends of Allah.
(24) See Chapter Yunus, verses: 62-64
“İnnel müttakine fi Cennatin ve neherin fi mak’adi sıdkin inde Melikin muktedirin-The righteous shall dwell in gardens watered by running brooks, honorably seated in the presence of a Mighty King.” (Al-Qamar, 54-55)
Therefore, the present Muslims, like the earlier Muslims, are classified into three groups by Allah: Evildoers, those who follow a middle course and the Friends of God.
Then, both the earlier Muslims and present Muslims are of three groups. This is already like this in practice. This is the reality that we have read in history and that we live currently. This situation has always been like this and it does not change. It was so decreed. Allah has reported this in the Glorious Koran. We should not forget that that the first people who were addressed by the Koran were the first Muslims. In other words, they were the Companions of the Prophet (A.S.V.).
Thus, there were three kinds of Companions. Each Companion was not a Friend of God who was close to Allah.
The verse: “Be awake! There are the Friends of Allah…” (Yunus, 62-63) was revealed during the Companions’ time. It means that “there are Friends of God among you”. Otherwise, it would be revealed as “The Companions! You are all Friends of God”.
What does “Companions (Ashab)” mean?
The Companions mean “Protectors”. In Turkish, it means the Companions-Friends- of Allah. It is used for the first Muslims.
When the meaning of “friend” is searched, it means that he is the person who supports, backs and defends you, your ideas and ideals. Then a real friend is your companion. He is the person who does not leave his friend in both hard days and good days, who fights in his way with his soul and property if necessary. He is the person who even dies for him. Real friendship requires these qualities.
Hz. Prophet is our protector.
“Vema sahibiküm bimecnun - No, your protector is not mad.” (Taqwir, 22)
In the commentaries of the Koran, “protector-sahip” is translated as “friend”. However, this is not an ordinary friendship. He is our protector, the one who cares us and protects us.
“Harisun aleyküm bi’lmü’minine Raufu’n Rahim - The Prophet Muhammad (a.s.v.) cares for you, he is the one who is benevolent and merciful to you.” (Al-Tawba-128)
He is our owner; guardian and great protector and the believers also stand as a protector to Him. They back him.
In this sense, all the Muslims are the Companions, friends and protectors of the Prophet (a.s.v.). They support him and his ideal and defend him and his religion and venture to die for the Prophet and his ideal.
The Glorious Koran qualifies Believers as the Companions. As for the situation of our dear Prophet, it qualifies Him as the “protector, the one who stands as a guardian of the Believers and also “the Compassionate and Merciful” for them.
The Glorious Koran also reports that “the Prophets are more favorable for believers” than they are.
“Ennebiyyü evla bi’lmümunine min enfüsihim veezvacuhu ümmehatahüm - The Prophet has a greater claim on the faithful than they have on each other. His wives are their mothers.” (Al- Ahzab, 6)
Yes, he is more beneficial for us than we are and his wives are our mothers. The motherhood of his wives is not hereditary. It is not foster motherhood either. It is spiritual motherhood because God the Most High qualifies them as our “Mothers”. They are our mothers confirmed by the Koran verses.
Since, Allah the Almighty uses the word “mother” for the sacred, pure wives of the Prophet and since they had not married to other people they, as a matter of fact, had not married, they are definitely our Mothers.
Our Mothers passed away as a widow without having married to anybody else after the death of our Prophet (A.S.V.). For, believers are their sons and daughters. The “motherhood” here is not a hereditary motherhood as confirmed by the clear verse.
“Inneme’l Mü’minune ihvetün - Believers are a band of brothers.” (Al-Hujurat, 10)
The brotherhood in the above verse is not a hereditary brotherhood but a spiritual brotherhood. Therefore, the wives of our Prophet are our spiritual mothers. Since Allah directly used the statement “they are your mothers”, that is to say, the word “mother” is mentioned, Shariat had forbidden them to marry anybody else after the Prophet.
They are equalized with our physical mothers or considered the same canonically as well as they are our spiritual mothers. They were forbidden to marry believers and believers were forbidden to marry them. It was like that in practice as well. However, in the origin of formation, they are our spiritual mothers. Then, our Prophet is also our Spiritual-Divine father but not hereditarily. This is already explained in Chapter Ahzab, 40:
“Muhammad is the father of no man among you.” (Al-Ahzab, 40)
This verse is in order to qualify the hereditary side. He is not the father of our physical bodies. The father of our bodies is the first man Adam (a.s.).
Therefore, our Prophet (A.S.V.) is more favorable for us than we are. He loves us, pities us, protects us intercedes us and he implores forgiveness from God for us. He is our spiritual-divine father and our owner. He is our Guide, our Friend, our master and our Imam. He is the one who purifies us, instructs us and train us. He is our divine Guide.
“Yüzekkiküm veyüallimükümu’l kitabe ve’l hikmete ve…-Your Apostle recites to you Our revelations and purifies you (purifies your spirit, your self and your thoughts), and instructs you in the Book (the revelation of Allah, the Word of Allah) and wisdom (prophecy).” (Al-Baqarah, 151)
Then, He both purifies us from our inner impurity and saves us from ignorance. He teaches us. He has pity on us and he wants us to be forgiven by imploring forgiveness from our Lord Allah.
“Falem ennehu la ilahe illallah vesteğfir lizenbike velil mü’minine ve’l mü’minat. - O Muhammad! Know that there is no god but Allah. Implore Him to forgive your sins and to forgive the true believers, men and women.” (Muhammad, 19)
Thus, the Prophet (A.S.V.) knows Allah “One”, “the Peerless One” and he was made an intercessor for believers by Allah and He wanted him to implore forgiveness for the sins of believers. In this situation, the nonsense talks of perverts such as: “the Prophet and the Friends of God cannot help anybody and help is not required from anybody else except Allah” are all meaningless.
The sons of Jacob also required help from their father “to implore forgiveness for their sins from Allah” because of what they had done to Joseph. He also said “he would implore his Lord to forgive them”. (See Joseph, 97, 98)
And our Ancestor Abraham (A.S.) said:
“Rabbeneğfirli velivalideyye vel’I mü’minine yevme yekumu’l hisab-Forgive me my Lord (Allah)! Forgive my parents and all the faithful on the Reckoning Day.” (Abraham, 41)
Muslims repeat this prayer in every five ritual prayers. The pervert opinions such as “nobody can help each other and nobody can require help from anybody else” are wrong. The verse:
“İyyake nestain-You alone we turn for help” (Fatiha, 4) is misunderstood. In Chapter Fatiha, the verses: “You alone we worship and You alone we turn for help” mean that we do not worship stone idols and we do not require help from idols. For, the polytheists used to worship stone idols and required help from them.
When we study the difference between “nesir: the one who helps” and istiane: to ask for help” the following explanation is seen:
Allah the Most High said: “The idols which you deify besides Him are not able to do you a favor nor can they do any harm, then why do you call them? Oh, the heedless!” (Al-Isra, 56) (25) In the 4th verse of Al-Fatiha, Allah does not use the name “nesir: the one who helps” which is derived from “nesren” but He used the name “Müstean: the One whose help is implored” which expresses “inayet-to do favour” in it. “İnayet- to do favor” and “İstiane-to ask his help” belong to God. Allah, who is God, does favor and helps His slaves.
However, the Koran always commands with the words “nesren, nesir, nasır, mansur” (26) that the Prophets, the Friends of God, the virtuous and rich people should help the poor. (27) He required that believers are the guardians of each other and they should help each other. (28). The Koran states that Angels implore forgiveness and help for believers and they pray for believers. Therefore, divine beings also help people and they are helping actually.
“Your only protectors are God, His Apostle and the faithful” (Al-Maidah, 55) is very clear.
(25) There are many verses in the Glorious Koran concerning this. For example, “Velayestetiune lehüm “nesren” vela enfüsühüm yensurun-Will they worship those which can create nothing, but are themselves not created? They cannot help them, nor can they help themselves.” (Al-A’raf, 192)
(26) All of them are the derivations of the verb “help” in Arabic. The Imrans- 52 / Al-Saff-14 / Al-Baqhara-138 / Muhammad-7 and other verses.
(27) “Velmü’minune velmü’minatü ba’dühüm “evliyaü” ba’din-The true believers, both men and women, are friends to one another.” (Al-Tawbah, 71)
(28) Al-Ahzab: 34-56, Nahl-2, Fussilat- 31, Anfal-34, Al-Tawbah-26, Al-Fath-26
The verse “Those who follow others besides God” (Baqarah-257, Kahf-102) concerns polytheists because the polytheists made friends with stone idols as well as worshipping them and imploring their help. They were not Allah and the Friends of God whom Allah qualified as follows:
“Ela inne Evliyaallahi la havfün aleyhim velahüm yahzenun- Know that Allah has the Friends of God on the earth; they have nothing to fear or to regret. Those that have faith and keep evil shall rejoice both in this world and in the hereafter. (Yunus, 62-63-64)
The Friends of God are also the Friends of believers.
The Friends-the saints- of God are the Friends of Allah and His Prophet. Those Saints believe in Him and they fear Allah one hundred per cent (completely) they are our most honorable superiors and they are our Guardians.
“İnne ekremeküm indillahi etkaküm - The noblest of you in God’s sight is he who fears Allah the most.” (Al-Hujurat, 13)
These personalities who were qualified with the above properties are our Friends, our Guardians and the Friends of Allah. The Friends of believers are the Friends of Allah and the Friends of the Prophet of Allah.
Those who are the foes of the Friends of Allah and who deny them are the enemies of Allah, and of the Prophet of Allah and of all the faithful. They are the people who deny Allah, the Prophet and the Koran.
What a pity that those denials are the ones who claim that they are the most protectors of the Koran same as Kharijities. La havle vela kuvvete illa billahi’l aliyyi’l azim…
We take refuge in Allah from those who claim that they believe the Truth but deny the Truth.
There is also the following verse:
“None can intercede with God save him who has received His sanction.” (Al-Saba-23 / Ta Ha-109)
Then, Allah has some servants who can serve as an intercessor, helper and implorer.
In Chapter Zukhruf: “None can intercede for them save him who knows the truth and testifies to it.” (Al-Zukhruf, 86)
Here, the meaning of “who knows” is “the one who knows the truth and realities”. Therefore, the scholars who have seen the truth can intercede and help. They are the people who know “the Knowledge of Ledunni”.
The scholars are divided into three groups:
- Those who know the commands of God (Allah) but do not know God (Allah):
This quality harms the person who has or owns it. They are the ones who know Islamic Jurisprudence or Canon Law well. They are at different ranks changing from mullahs to professors. We can observe this in practice as well. He becomes a university lecturer or a professor of Islamic Canonical Law however; he does not give up drinking wine committing adultery and entertaining himself with half naked women. He spends all his time on the beach together with his wife, children and with his daughter in law and son. And this person educates the officials of Religion, muftis and preachers. Therefore, to know the Science of Shariat-Islamic Canonical Law- does not enable a person to be faithful or better.
The Science of Shariat, Islamic Law is the commandment of Allah. He who knows the commandment of Allah cannot know Allah Himself. If he knew, he would not commit the wicked deeds mentioned above.
2- Those who know Allah (the Truth) but do not know the commands of Allah:
This quality benefits the person who has it and those who listen to him. A person may be illiterate or half-literate but he may not have studied the Science of Shariat. However, this person knows “Men Araf…”
“Men arefe nefsehu kad arefe Rabbehu - He who knows himself knows his Lord.” (29)
He has learnt it by serving a Wise person who knows it. This knowledge is divine, spiritual knowledge and it is very beneficial and useful.
3- Those who know both God (Allah) and His commands:
This is the most important quality. He is called as “a two-winged scholar”. He is useful both for himself and his society.
Such wise and saintly people who know both Allah and His commands are the martyrs and witnesses of Allah. They are the people mentioned in the above verse in Chapter Zukhruf as the witnesses of Allah and those who know Allah. They serve as intercessors for people. This is confirmed with the definite proof -Glorious Verses-.
(29) “Binbir Hadis” by Şemseddin Yeşil, p. 212, 1983, İstanbul
Mawlana, “Fihi Mafih’ten Seçmeler”, prepared by A. Gölpınarlı, p. 93, 1989, Ankara
I have always been surprised to see the professor at instruction duty without a beard and mustache, not taking ablution and performing ritual prayer but spending his time at parties and on the beaches while his student whom he teaches Islamic Jurisprudence Law at the pulpit of a mosque preaching people and wearing a turban and beard. He seems to be a strong Muslim in the costume of the Prophet Enoch and very pious. Why does this happen?
If the Science of Islamic Canonical Law had given man faith and fear, the professors of this science would have been more religious and perform ritual prayers and take ablutions more and they would not have drunk whiskies.
It is said “Such a bird has such a wing!”
Who are the scholars in Shariat or in other sciences? For instance: Is a lawyer, a doctor, an engineer, a Chemistry teacher, a Physics teacher a scholar? In other words, is a doctor, a scientist of Medicine, a lawyer a scientist of Law, a physics teacher a scientist of Physics? No!
They are a technician in these scientific branches. Likewise, a theologian, a mufti or a preacher who completes the School of Theology or an Islamic High Institute is not a scientist of Religion. He should at least be a university lecturer by having a doctorate in order to be regarded as a scientist. University lecturers in any scientific field take the first step to be a scientist. Professors are accepted as the scientist of that branch. He who does not study and pass doctorate examination and who is not even a lecturer or professor at least in one of the following branches of Religious Sciences cannot be called as a scientist of Islamic Canon Law or Jurisprudence:
- Canon Law of Islam
- Commentary on the Koran
- The Hadith Study
- Theology and Philosophy
Those who become a Mufti (official expounder of Islamic Law) or a preacher by graduating from these schools are a technician or a practitioner same as a doctor, a lawyer or Physics and Chemistry teachers.
However, they are known as great ulamas-theologians- in the towns of Anatolia. They are regarded as exceedingly learned people. More truly, our people are made to believe like this. (30)
The reality is: the sciences concerning Shariat, which are possible to be learnt by studying, do not give man Faith and Piety.
For, the science of Shariat can be learnt even by non-Muslims by studying. As a matter of fact, there is Shariat-Islamic law Professorship in Europe. Christians, Jews and even materialists can learn it. There are some people among Christian monks and Chief Rabbis who know Shariat Sciences as well as or more than Islamic mullahs.
“Faith” and “Piety” are revealed to the heart of man from Heaven.
Whomever Allah guides rightly becomes faithful and pious. If Allah wills, he may become an atheist, a hypocrite or a wrongdoer.
(30) I am presenting you the two quatrain of the Kaymakam (the head official of a district) Eshref hoping that you will say Eshref is telling the truth:
“There is no charm in all the red-lipped beautiful women,
There is no perfection in every man educated at school,
Do you seek such ignorant people with diplomas in this world?
Education now turned into fruitless tree in us.
When you see the face of ascetic, do not think that he is helpless!
If he wills, he opens a thousand kinds of wounds in your bosom,
Firstly, they preach people, then, they collect money from them.
Preachers, as if, turned into brokers at the great pulpit.”
The Poet Kaymakam Eshref
Allah guides whomever He wills into the true faith, whether or not he is illiterate or literate.
As a matter of fact, out of 10 thousand of our Prophet’s Companions, there were only 30-40 literate ones.
Those who know the Islamic Canon Law were not more than 20 according to Islamic Canon Law books. The other wise personalities had a great faith and piety as well as being literate.
Therefore, to know God and to know the commands of God (naturally in details) are different things.
Knowing the Truth and realities increases and strengthens faith and makes that person pious. I think that it is time our people knew these realities:
One should not regard the costume of Muslim identity and the literate who have the exterior, canonical knowledge. He should seek the real faith, the real piety in wise and saintly personalities who know the real Knowledge of Truth. It is easy to know the commands of God. One can learn it by studying and everybody is able to learn it. A Muslim, a non-Muslim, a believer or a hypocrite can learn it. To know Arabic or Persian is not a science.
They are like a kind of studying a language or grammar just like learning English, French and German. Nowadays, the airhostesses on the planes who fly to Middle East know Arabic and Persian more than a mullah. One should not fall into the trap of those who speak in a language that you do not understand (like Arabic and Persian) and that pretend to be more scholar or scientist in religion. For centuries, the pure, naive Anatolian people have been made spelled by speaking in Arabic and Persian that they do not understand. It was a pity that this happened!
Now that it is time to wake up. Whichever mullah speaks more Arabic and Persian and dominates his speech with Arabic, he is a demagogue and in other words, he is the person who serves his cause by exciting people’s emotions.
He wants to amaze people and enchant them. He always looks for gain; he is a dangerous religious fanatic and a hypocrite. He is a Muslim of guise and language. He wants to make people formalist as himself. Formalism is but a kind of idolatry or paganism, which is contrary to the essence of Unity.
Moreover, such men always frighten people with the hell torture and the demons of the hell and by this way; they make religion get harder for people. In addition to this, he is in favor of violence. He speaks very angrily and he is very aggressive. He always shouts at the crowd and frighten them while preaching at the pulpit. He spreads violence and anger to his surrounding by being completely contrary to “Good manners of Muhammadi belief” (31) and “Rahmet’en li’l alemin”. (32)
Yes, our Superior, Exalted, Saintly, Holy Prophet (A.S.V.), who is a mercy for the worlds, is our divine father. A father stands as a protector or a patron of his son and his son also has a claim on his father.
The Exalted Prophet, who is the divine father, has been protecting the first Muslims and the following Muslims. (33)
The faithful Muslim communities, who are in the position of his descendants, also stand as a protector of Him. Therefore standing as a protector or claiming ownership is very important.
(31) “O Muhammad! Surely you are on a sublime nature (great, beautiful moral qualities!).” (The Imrans, 74) “I was sent to complete good morals.” Malik b. Enes, Muvatta, vol. 1, p.553, Istanbul -1982. From Abu Hurayra; Ahmed Hakim, Beyhaki, A person asked the Prophet of Allah (S.A.V.) “What is religion?” and the Prophet of Allah said: “It is good morals-manners-”. Ghazzali, İhya, III, 43 Kimyayı Saadet p. 393
(32) “We have sent you forth but as a blessing to the worlds.” (Al-Anbiyah, 107)
(33) There are about a hundred hadiths about the intercession of our Prophet and also there are many hadiths about the believers’ helping those that they love written in “Kudsi Hadisler” vol. 2, p. 607-714, Madve Publ. 1991-Istanbul. Sources: Buhari, Muslim, Nevevi, Nesai, Thirmizi, Ibn Mace. As the content of the book was not sufficient, we did not write them here. We advise those who are interested in them to search them.
In this situation, Sahabis and those who follow them are of three degrees:
- Muqarrabuns: Those who are close to God.
b) Muqtesids: Those who follow a middle course
c) Those who wrong themselves: Those who does wickedness to themselves.
For, as mentioned in the above glorious of the Koran (34), Allah the Most High qualified the heirs of the Koran in three groups. It should not be forgotten that the first people addressed by the Koran were the first believers, the Companions. It also involves the believers who will follow them afterwards.
a) Muqarrabuns - “Sabiquns”- (The Favorites of God): Those who were close to Allah among the former exalted personalities. They were faithful and blessed people. They are the saintly personalities among the Companions and the following believers.
“Ela inne Evliyaallahi la havfü’n……” (Yunus, 62, 63, 64)
When this verse was revealed, believers understood that there were “Friends of God” among them and they looked for them among themselves. Thus, there were Friends of God-Walis- among the first believers, though a few. For, Allah says in the Chapter Al-Waqiah about the Friends of God who were close to Him:
“Such are those that are brought near Allah. They are in the gardens of delight -Naim Paradise-: a whole multitude from the men of old, but only a few from the later generations.” (Al-Waqiah, 11-14)
(34) Chapter Fatir, verse 32)
b) Muqtesids: Those who follow a middle course-middle class-the believers who are not muqarrabuns. The believers among both the Companions and the believers who followed them. Believers were of three kinds during our Prophet’s time and after him: Muqarrabuns, Walis and the moderate believers who were not Walis.
c) Those who wrong themselves: The ones who commit grave sins.
Besides them, there have always been hypocrites among the Companions and among the believers who followed them. A hypocrite is a secret believer. They used to perform their ritual prayers behind the Prophet and always spend their times in the mosques. The hypocrites are somewhat dark people who love the world. They are mean, pitiless and they never smile. A hypocrite is a real disbeliever. However, he hides himself in the garment of Islam. They are worse and more dangerous than disbelievers are because a disbeliever does not conceal himself. Therefore, it is easy for a Muslim to protect himself against him.
May Allah protect all of us against the wickedness of unbelievers and wickedness!
After having explained this classification and information in the light of the Koran, let us go back to the subject written at the beginning of the book and try to explain who “the innocent” are according to the Koran, with the permission of Allah.
In reality, the “holy” and the “innocent” one is the “pure”, “Holy” Spirit. Naturally, this spirit is the Greatest-Supreme- Spirit, which is the first and universal spirit. It is the “Reality of Muhammad”. The Spirit of Muhammad” is the Divine Light of Allah’s Person and of His attribute, who is the most holy Existence. It is the eternal decree, holy divine breath; divine Word and the Divine Light of Allah.
Spirit is Divine Light. It is the first Divine Light of the face of God. The Spirit breathed into Adam and his descendants was breathed from the Supreme Spirit, from the Spirit of Muhammad.
“Ve nefehtü fihi min Ruhi - I breathed into man from My spirit.” (Sad, 72)
As it is seen, He said “I breathed from My Spirit.” The spirit that He calls as “My Spirit” is the first and Supreme Spirit- “the Greatest Spirit”. It is the holy, exalted, purest, very glorious Spirit of Hz. Muhammad. (35)
Our dear Prophet Hz. Muhammad is like the Sun. the other spirits breathed from him are like the stars. The Angels created from the Divine Light of Spirit are also from the Holy World and they are innocent as they are pure and sacred. They are sinless.
In order to clarify this subject thoroughly, let us mention the qualities of the spirits breathed to the First Man and his descendants: his sons and to all humans:
Spirit is breathed only to human beings. Animals and plants do not have spirits. The liveliness in them is the reflection of the name “Hayy-the Ever Living One”. Each living being is alive with water. (36) It is biological liveliness. As a matter of fact, the liveliness of physical body is also biological.
(35) Our Dear Prophet said: “I was even then the Prophet when Adam was between the mud and water.”
Thirmizi, Menakib, 1
Ibn Hanbal, 4/66
“What Allah created the first was My Divine Light.”
Al-Kari, Şerhu’ş Şifa vol. 1, p. 505
Ajluni, vol. 1, p. 265
(36) “Vecaalna minel mai külli şey’in hay - We made every living thing of water.” (Anbiyah, 30)
Spirit is the Divine Light that enables man with the qualities of knowledge, thinking (mind) and speaking. Knowledge and speech are the attributes of Allah. We are going to explain the adventure of spirit, the coming and the going of the spirits; in other words, how the spirits come to physical world (to the prison of the physical body) from the holy world, with the permission of Allah, how they become materialized and how some spirits ascend or rise and take their first sacred state. We are also going to explain the spiritual innocence of the Prophets and the Friends of God, who are close to Allah and who bear holy spirits and learn that the innocent are the Perfect Men who are the Prophets and the Friends of God, who bear holy spirits.
The persons who are close to Allah are the saintly Friends of God that exist both among the first Muslims (the Companions) and the later Muslims. May peace, content and mercy of Allah be upon them!
“There will always become auspicious men among this community that shall call for righteousness, enjoin justice and forbid evil. Such men will surely triumph.” (The Imrans, 104)
This verse reports that these sacred personalities will exist among both the Companions and following believers. As you see, “a pious community” is mentioned in this community. Community in community!
We cannot disregard the following sacred hadith either:
“By the help of the intercession of some people in my community, more people than in Beni Temim Tribe will enter Paradise.”
When the Companions heard this saying of the Prophet, they asked: “Are the upholders of this intercession apart from you? O! the Prophet of Allah!”
Our Prophet answered that they were apart from him. (37)
Abu Ubeyde b. Cerrah asked: “O the Prophet of Allah! We have become Muslims during your time and struggled for Islam together with you, can anybody that comes afterwards become more auspicious than us? His answer was: “Yes there can be. There will be a community that will come after you and will believe in me, though they had not seen me. They are more auspicious than you.” (38)
When Chapter Yunus, verses 62-64 (Allah has some Friends of God….) were revealed, they again asked the Prophet: “Who are these Friends of God mentioned here, O! The Prophet of Allah?” He said that when they are seen Allah is remembered, the people who see them remember Allah”. (39)
(37) Darimi, 2 / 328
(38) Darimi 2 / 308
(39) Yazır 4 / 2731
AHL AL BAYT
“Al-i Aba” are our superiors Hz. Ali, Hz. Fatima, Hz. Hasan and Hz. Husayn. These exalted Perfect Men were cleansed and purified by Allah as confirmed by the 33rd verse of Chapter Ahzab, in our Holy Book the Glorious Koran. Allah had purified and blessed them. He who is purified from his self is holy.
Those who bear this Holy Spirit, the pure spirit are the Muqarrabuns (The Favourites of God) - those who approached Allah- and Saints -the Friends of God-. Actually, Hz. Ali is the Leader of the Pious and the Leader of the Friends of God. He is the Commander of the Saints and the owner of the religious order-tariqat-. He is the “guardian”, “heir”, “door”, “brother” of our dear Prophet and he is “the Guardian of Muslims” and “the Master of Muslims”. (40)
The Perfect Man who bears the Holy Spirit and the pure self is innocent.
(40) See “İslam’da Mezhepler ve Yükseliş-The Religious Sects in Islam and Ascending” by Kazim Yardımcı, p.130-131 İzmir-1988
The purity and the holiness of Ahl al Bayt is confirmed by the Koran. (41)
He who is purified is holy. He who is holy is innocent. The real innocent one is the Holy Spirit and the pure self. This is accepted for both the Prophets and the Friends of God because the corps of Adam is physical or mortal. Therefore, the bodies of the Prophets and the Friends of God are also physical, mortal like all the human beings. Physical body is never like spirit. Its possibilities are restricted. Shortly, it is created and mortal so it can never be completely perfect.
Allah gave the body of Adam a corporal pleasure. He who understands can understand it.
There are no corporal pleasures for the Holy Spirit and Angels. Their pleasure is to observe the divine beauty and the love of the Most Holy Allah and His remembrance.
The Muqarrabuns and Saints among the Companions are the Friends of God and the pious ones. The Friends of God who approached Allah were Sahabis: They were in the Muhajirin and Ansar. The priority among them belongs to the family of Hashimid. Hz. Hamza, Hz. Abbas, Hz. Jafar Tayyar, Hz. Akil (The sons of Abu Talib), Hz. Abubaqir, Hz. Selman-ı Farisi, Hz. Ammar b. Yasir, Hz. Abuzar Ghaffari, Hz. Mikdad b. Esved, Ashara-i Mubashahara (The Ten People who were promised Paradise), Hz. Omar and Hz. Osman...
(41) “İnnema yüridullahu liyüzhibe ankümürricse Ehl el Beyt’I veyütehhireküm tethira- Allah has purified you of all the sin and cleansed you.” (Ahzab-33)
The Prophet of Allah said: Ahl al Bayt are Ali, Fatima, Hasan and Husayn. They are my Ahl al Bayt- immediate family members-.
From Mother Aisha: Muslim, sahih, vol 7, p. 130
From Mother Ummu Salama: Thirmizi, Sunen, vol. 5, p.663
Many a people among Muhajirin and Ansar who were martyred at the military expeditions on behalf of Islam and the combatants who fought against polytheists and their similar were Pious friends of God who were close to Allah.
The Koran verses and the Sacred Hadiths about the piety, sainthood, knowledge, the bravery and the superior qualities of Hz. Ali, the King of Sainthood are as follows:
- The Glorious verses:
“Allah has willed to remove uncleanness from you and to purify you.” (Al-Ahzab, 33)
“Though they hold it dear, they give sustenance to the poor man, the orphan, and the captive, saying: ‘We feed you for Allah’s sake only; we seek of you neither recompense nor thanks: for we fear from our Lord a day of anguish and of woe.’
Allah will deliver them from the evil of that day and make their faces shine with joy. He will reward them for their steadfastness with robes of silk and the delights of Paradise.” (Al-Insan, 8-12)
“There are some people who would give away their lives in order to find favor with Allah; Allah is compassionate to His servants.” (Al-Baqarah, 207)
“Allah turned back the unbelievers in their rage, and they went away empty-handed. He helped the faithful in the stress of war: mighty is Allah, and all-powerful.” (Ahzab, 25)
“O the Prophet! Allah is your strength and the faithful who follow you.” (Al-Anfal, 64)
“Your only protectors are Allah, His Apostle and the faithful those who attend to their prayers, render the alms levy when they kneel down in worship.” (Al-Maidah, 55)
The sources that this glorious verse belongs to our superior Hz. Ali are in the following footnote. (42)
- Sacred Hadiths:
“Gabriel descended and told me that Allah the Most High loved four persons from my Companions. They are: Ali, Selman, Abu Zer and Mikdad.” (43)
“Fatima, will you not be pleased that Allah the Most High looked at the people on the earth and He chose two men and He made one of them your father and the other your husband?” (44)
“Allah the Most High ordered me to marry Fatima (r.a.) to Ali.” (45)
“Ali! My Lord commanded me to instruct you well in the subtleties of religion so that you will comprehend and gain a power that will fill your heart. It was for this that the verse of the Koran “For heeding ears comprehend and protect” (Haqqa, 12) was revealed. And so, it is that you have become the power to heed and comprehend as mentioned in the verse.” (46)
(42) Hazin 3: 470; Vahidi, Esbabü’n-Nüzul, 263; Ibn Kesir, Tefsir, 3/462, Suyuti, Ed-Durr ül Mensur, 4: 178
İ. Asakir, Ibn Ebi Şeybe, Tefsir, Tefsir ul Ibn Cerir, Tefsir-i Kurtubi, Beyzavi, Abu Yala Kastalani and others
(43) From Hz. Ali and Ibn Bureyde: “Hz. Peygamberin Dilinden Dört Halifesi, trans. By A. Fikri Yavuz, p. 310-311 İstanbul-1981
(44) From Hz. Eyyup and Ibn Abbas; the same work p.285-286
(45) From Hz. Ibn Mesud the same work p.286
(46) Abu Nuaym, Hilye, 1/80
- Sacred hadiths
“Ene medinetü’l ilmi ve Aliyyün babuha - I am the city of knowledge. Ali is the gate to it, whoever would like to enter this city should go through the door.” (47)
“Whoever loves my Ahl al Bayt (Our Superiors Ali, Fatima, Hasan, Husayn) loves Me. Whoever loves Me loves Allah.” (48)
“Aliyyen minni ve ene minhü- Ali (k.v.) is from me and I am from him.” (49)
“Ali is with the Koran, the Koran is also with Ali. They cannot be separated from each other until they come to me at the pond in paradise.” (50)
“While Hz. Prophet (A.S.) was going to Tabuk Battle, he left Ali in Madina in place of him. Hz. Prophet (A.S.V.) told Ali who was sorry that he would not join the battle and told his sorrow to Hz. Prophet (A.S.V.):
“Ali, will you not be consented that at my sight, you have the rank of Aaron at the sight of Moses? However, there will not be any Prophets after me. “Ali said that he agreed with him and the title “Murtaza”, which means with whom one is pleased, chosen, agreeable, content, was given to him due to this occasion.” (51)
(47) From Ibn Abbas; Thirmizi, Sahih, vol.2, p. 399
From Hz. Jabir, Suyuti, Camiussağir, vol. 1, p.108
(48) Ahmed b. Hanbel, Musned, vol.2, p. 288
Ibn Mace, Sunen, vol. 1p.51
Camiussağir, vol.2, p.58 transl. by Abdullah Aydın
(49) From b. Azib; Thirmizi
Tac Transl, Bekir Sadak, vol.3, p. 620
(50) From Mother Ummu Salama, Taberani, Feyzu’l Kadir vol. 4, p.356
(51) Sahih-i Buhari, Muslim Thirmizi from Musned; Fedail’ul Hamse, vol. 1, p. 299-317
At the beginning of the seventh anniversary of the Emigration, Khaibar was going to be conquered. During the Battle, the standard was offered to Hz. Abubaqir, the next day to Hz. Omar. However, victory was not granted. The Prophet of Allah (a.s.v.) said on the Day of Khaybar: “Tomorrow I will offer this standard to such a man that he loves Allah and His Messenger and Allah and His Messenger loves him.” He never runs away and never returns without having conquered.”
Most of the Companions spent the night expecting to be himself getting the honor of this praised person. Hz. Ali had sore eyes. The Holy Prophet (A.S.V.) asked the people to send for him. The Prophet cured his eyesore using his hand and he first advised him to invite them (the people of Khaybar) to embrace Islam and then he handed over the standard to him.
Hz. Ali murdered Merhab himself, who was a brave soldier, and his brother. He used the shield of the castle as a shield in the battle after he had torn it up and this way Khaybar was conquered. (52)
“O Ali! You are like the Kaaba. People should come to you but not you to them!”
“If you accept Hz. Ali as the Friend of God-protector-guardian-, you will see that he is the perfect guide and he is on the right path.” (53)
“Greetings to you, Ali! The Master of Muslims and the Imam of the Pious!” (55)
(52) Sahih-i Buhari, “Beda’ül halk”, Muslim “Cihad ve Siyer”, Thirmizi and Ibn Mace “Sahih”, Nesei, Hasais, quoted from the History of Baghdad Fedail’ül Hamse
Vol. 2, pp. 161-178, 324-325
(53) Münavi, Kunuz-ül Hakaik, p. 188; Taberi, Üsd ül Gabe vol. 4, p. 31
(54)From Hz. Abu said and Imran ibn Husayn; Suyuti, Camiülkebir, “Hz. Peygamberin Dilinden Dört Halifesi” trans. by A. Fikri Yavuz, p. 299, İstanbul, 1981
(55) From Hz. Ibn Omar; the same work, p.282
“While our dear Prophet (a.s.v) was returning from the Farewell Pilgrimage, he ascended a pulpit in a place named “Gadir-i Hum” in Cuhfe Valley between Mecca and Madina, and asked:
O the Muslims! Am I not better than their souls of all Believers? Everybody answered: “Yes”. He held the hand of Hz. Ali (k.v.) and said: “Küntü men mevlahu fealiyyen mevlah - Of whom I am the Master, Ali is also his Master.” After the sermon was finished, congratulations started. The first people to congratulate were Hz. Abubaqir and Hz. Omar. (56)
Hz. Ali (k.v.) was the person who was praised the most both in the Koran and hadiths. Ibn Abbas stated that 300 verses were revealed about Hz. Ali and Ibn Hanbel said that the Prophet of Allah had not praised anybody else highly except Hz. Ali.” (See Hz. Ali, Mustafa Yağmurlu, Beyan Publ. p. 131)
(56) From Hz. Enes, Zayd b. Erkam, Cerir, Habaşi and Ammar;
Ahmed b. Hanbel, Musned, vol. 4, p. 281
Suyuti, Cemiulkebir, “Hz. Peygamberin Dilinden Dört Halifesi” transl. by A. Fikri Yavuz, p. 275-278
Sönmez Neşriyat, 1981, İst.
THE MUQARRABUNS AMONG THE COMPANIONS AND THE COMMUNITY OF MUHAMMAD
It is confirmed by the verse in Chapter Tawbah that Hz. Abubaqir is the Companion (Sahabe) of the Prophet. (57)
Allah the Almighty reported without having pronounced his name in Chapter Tawbah that Hz. Abubaqir was the Companion of the Prophet during the journey of Emigration. He used the expression “Sahabe-Companion”. In the Koran, the word “sahabe” is written for nobody else except Hz. Abubaqir. Allah continuously addresses as “Believers!” in the Glorious Koran.
Selman-i Farisi is from Ahl al Bayt by the command of the Prophet. (58)
As for Hz. Abubaqir, Hz. Omar and Hz. Osman, the first two of them are the father-in-law of Hz. Prophet, the beloved of the Great Allah and Hz. Osman is the son-in-law of the Prophet. It is a great event to be a father-in-law and son-in-law of the Prophet, who is the first and the last Prophet. Their real nearness to the Prophet is based on their being a relative of him but not on being a Caliph.
(57) “…Fi’l gari iz yakulu lisahibihi latahzen- In the cave he said to his companion (Sahabe): “Do not despair, God is with us.” (Tawbah, 40)
(58) “Selman is from us, in other words, he is from Ahl al Bayt.”
Sahabe Hayatından Tablolar , vol. 1, Selmanı Farisi, 1988-İzmir
(59) Veysel Karani, Üveysilik, Mesnevi, vol.4, p. 325, M.E.B. Publ.
İslam’da Mezhepler ve Yükseliş (Religious Sects in Islam and Ascending) by Kazım Yardımcı
p. 72-73 İzmir-1988
Intermarriage (to marry a girl) in the Prophet’s family is not an ordinary event. This is a divine blessing and favor of the Prophet. Briefly, to be a relative of the beloved of God is not everybody’s lot in life.
The Four Great Poles -Gaws- of Allah: Sayyid Abdulqadir Geylani, (60), Sayyid Ahmed al Rufai (61), Sayyid Ahmed al Bedevi (62) Sayyid İbrahim al Dusuki and all the Friends of God at different ranks are included in the Muqarrabuns.
We commemorate all these pious personalities with respect and love. May peace be upon them!
- Sayyid Abdulkadir Geylani: (1077-1165) He was born in Gilan in Baghdad. His sacred tomb is in Baghdad.
(61) Sayyid Ahmed al Rufai: (1118-19, 1182-83) He is from Arzul Betayih and was born in "Ümmü Übeyde". His sacred tomb is in Vasit (Iraq).
(62) Sayyid Ahmed al Bedevi: (1179-1276) He was born in Morocco. His sacred tomb is in Tanta (Egypt).
(63) Sayyid İbrahim-i Dusuki: (1238-1277 or 1294-?) He was born at Dusuk in Egypt. His sacred tomb is in Dusuk (Egypt).
AN IMPORTANT MATTER
Some ill-intentioned people say: Our Superior Hz. Muhammad had taken Abu Sufyan’s daughter Ummu Habibe. Our Mother Ummu Habibe accepted Islam with her husband using her free will long before the Emigration in spite of Abu Sufyan. Her cruel father, mother and her brother Muawiyah were looking for her everywhere in order to kill her. Afterwards, she left Mecca together with her husband with the permission of the Prophet joining the people who were emigrating to Abyssinia, Yemen and Tabuk. Her husband died on the way.
Meanwhile, our Prophet had also emigrated to Madina. Ummu Habibe secretly went to Madina directly together with some Muslims and took refuge in the Prophet. He told the Prophet to protect her and not to deliver her to Abu Sufyan because if she would go back to him, they would make her a disbeliever again.
In return of her taking refuge in him as a daughter of the opponent side and her enmity towards her father Abu Sufyan, she was treated with kindness by our Prophet and now that she became one of the Hashimids.
When the first page of Chapter Yasin and the 7th, 8th, 9th verses of Chapter Mumtahinna and the last verses of Chapter Sajdah were brought together, it will be seen that Allah reports beforehand that most of the polytheists of Mecca will not have faith and their eyes of the heart were blind. (64)
(64) (It was descended in Mecca) “1- Ya Sin. 2-I swear by the Wise Koran 3-You are one of the Apostles sent upon. You are on a straight path. 5- You are on a path descended by the Mighty, the Merciful Allah. 6- So that you may forewarn a nation whose fathers were not warned before them and live in heedlessness. 7- For most of them, “the Word” has been decreed, now that they are unbelievers. 8- We have bound their necks with chains of iron reaching up to their chins, so that they cannot bow their heads. 9- We have put barriers before them and behind them covered them over, so that they cannot see. 10- It is the same whether or not you forewarn them; they will never have faith. 11- You shall admonish none, but those who observe Our precepts and fear the merciful, though they cannot see Him. To these give news of pardon and a rich reward.” (Ya Sin: 1-11)
(Chapter Mumtahinna was revealed in Madina before the Conquest (Victory) of Mecca): “7-It may well be that Allah will put good will between you and those with whom you have hitherto been at odds. Allah is mighty. Allah is forgiving and merciful. 8- Allah does not forbid you to be kind and equitable to those who have neither made war on your religion nor driven you from your homes. Allah loves equitable. 9-But Allah forbids you to make friends with those who have fought against you on account of your religion and driven you from your homes or abetted others to do so. Those that make friends with them are wrongdoers.” (Mumtahinnah: 7-8-9)
Chapter Sajdah was revealed in Madina:” 28- They ask “When will this Conquest (Victory) come, if what you say be true?” 29- Say: “On the Day of Conquest their faith shall not avail the unbelievers, nor shall they be reprieved.” 30- Therefore give no heed to them, and wait as they are waiting.” (Sajdah, 28-30)
In the Chapter Mumtahinnah, Allah says “Those who make friends with those who have driven Muslims from their homes, from Mecca, those who fought against the Prophet and believers would be wrongdoers”.
The leader of those who had driven Muslims from Mecca and those who fought against the Prophet and Believers because they were Muslims were the cruel, sadist and very rich Sufyan family: Abu Sufyan, his wife Hinde and is son Muawiyah. All the Sufyan Family, the Umayyad, Marwan, Amr İbn ul As, Vahşi and his similar supporters.
Our Prophet also qualified them as “Müellefetü’n fi’l kulub - whose hearts did not have faith”. They are in the category of Non-Muslims. This is also in accordance with the Islamic Canonical Law. Non-Muslims are: a) Polytheists b) Sebeis c) Majusis d) Jews e) Christians f) Those whose hearts did not have faith.
At the end of Chapter Sajdah, which was revealed in Madina before the Conquest (Victory) of Mecca, Allah says:
“The faith of those who had faith on the Day of Conquest (Victory) shall not avail the unbelievers, nor shall they be reprieved (Allah will not consider them). Therefore give no heed to them (stay away from them), and wait as they are waiting (to harm you).” (Sajdah, 28-30)
It means that you should keep them under observation. They did not have faith. They are the foes of the Prophet and believers. They attack you whenever they have that opportunity.
When Hz. Abubaqir was chosen a caliph, those who did not find that opportunity during the Prophet’s time used this advantage and Abu Sufyan besieged Madina with 6000 armed men and rebelled against Hz. Abubaqir and wanted to kill him. (65)
However, they returned back to Madina when the Lion of Allah, the Guardian of Muslims, the King of Sanctity bravely and greatly opposed them. This extremely tragic event was prevented by the help of our master Hz. Imam Ali (k.v.). Who were those 6000 armed men? It was said that they had faith on the Conquest Day of Mecca?
They came to murder Hz. Abubaqir, they caused disorder among believers and wanted to abolish Islam and return to their glittering, magnificent presidential days. Abu Sufyan and his family and 6000 armed men that followed Abu Sufyan, who came to kill Abubaqir and the Companions, were hypocrites. (66)
There were 6000 more disbelievers following that disbeliever. Therefore, our Prophet did the right thing in accordance with the circumstances as they were such a powerful group and he kept them busy with the worldly affairs to prevent their drawing swords. He made his son alms collector. What they defend as the secret clerkship is this alms-collecting duty. They (those whose heart did not have faith) were also given a share of alms though they were rich. This was the Prophet’s right thing to do in accordance with the circumstances. The rich are not given alms actually. __________________________________________________________
(65) Ibn ul Esir, el Kamil fi’l Tarih translation, İslam Tarihi, vol. 2
p. 298-299, Bahar Publication, İstanbul and other Islam Histories
(66) Hz. Ali, Mustafa Yağmurlu, Beyan Publ.
İstanbul-1984: Yakubi, Tarih vol. 2 p. 116 See also the History of Tabari.
Afterwards, Abubaqir appointed him as a governor to Damascus in order to keep them away from Mecca as banishment. This was also an act shown according to circumstances.
Although Hz. Omar told Muawiyah “How soon you became a disbeliever?” he did not discharge him. It was also an act according to circumstances.
On the other hand, they knew well that they were disbelievers. Hz. Omar and Hz. Abubaqir had known them very well. As they continued to do the right thing according to circumstances, they went too far during Hz. Osman’s time and the governorships of Islamic State were taken over by Sufyanis-Umayyads. (67) During the last time of Hz. Osman, the State was taken over by the Umayyad: by Marwan, Muawiyah, Amr ibn As and the circumstances got worse.
Thus, the King of Sanctity had taken over such a lost state and he suffered very much from those tyrants. He had saved only “Unity” or else the real intention of the Umayyad was to return to the time of pre-Islamic Arabian paganism. Their real aim was to abolish Islam and Ahl al Bayt prevented this. (68)
The People of Muhammad are grateful to Hz. Ali and to Hz. Husayn, the King of Martyrdom.
(67) It is the common point of view in all the Islamic histories no matter what their sects, cults and opinions are.
(68) Our Prophet said: “I am fighting for the revelation of the Koran and Ali will fight for the explanation of it.” (From Abu Said and İbni Seken: “Hz. Peygamberin Dilinden Dört Halifesi” trans. By A. F. Yavuz p.274-291 __________________________________________________________
The head of the most mischief-makers of hypocrites was Abu Sufyan Family. No infidel, no Jews, no Christian had done what they did to the Prophet, Ahl al Bayt and Muslims. The People of Sufyan are the foes of Unity, Islam and Social Justice. Whoever makes friend with them and with their supporters becomes “a wrong-doer and cruel” according to Chapter Mumtahinnah. (69)
Whoever stays away from them and dislikes them but loves and makes friend with Allah and His Prophet, the Prophet’s Ahl al Bayt, the Muhajiris, Ansar and the Believers who perform ritual worships, give alms and bow down is saved and his faith is in security.
Now let us touch on the “innocence” matter again:
(69) “Allah does not forbid you to be kind and equitable to those who have neither made war on your religion nor driven you from your homes. Allah loves equitable. -But Allah forbids you to make friends with those who have fought against you on account of your religion and driven you from your homes or abetted others to do so. Those that make friends with them are wrongdoers.” (Mumtahinnah: 8-9)
PERFECT (MATURE) MAN: (İnsan-ı Kâmil)
"İnni cailün fil ardi halifeten - I placed man on the earth one that shall rule as My deputy." (Al-Baqarah, 30)
"Veallemel Ademe esmae külleha - I taught Adam (man) all my names." (Al- Baqarah, 31)
"Lekadhalaknel insane fi ahseni takvim - I created man in the most noble, beautiful image." (Al- Tin, 4)
"Venefehtü fihi min ruhi - I breathed into man from My own Spirit." (Sad, 72)
"Ve izkülna lilmelaiketiscüdü li Adame fesecedu illa iblis - I said to the angels: Prostrate yourselves before man, they all prostrated themselves except Satan." (Al- Baqarah, 34)
"Innellahe halakel Ademe ala suretihi - God created man in His own image." (70)
These verses of the Koran and the sacred saying of God enlighten our subject.
Although human body has been created more perfect than the other living things, the superiority of man is because of the sacred spirit he has.
"Allahü lâ ilâhe illahu lehül esmaül hüsna - There is no other God but Allah and His are the most gracious names (qualities)." (Taha, 8)
(70) Buhari, İsti’zan: 1, Muslim, Cennet: 28: Kudsi Hadisler, vol.1, p.172-174 transl. by Ahmed Varol, Madve Publ. İst. 1991
This verse explains that the existence is HUU-HE-ALLAH and that all the beautiful attributes belong to Him. That is true that Existence is He and all the beautiful names and attributes belong to Him, who is the sole existence.
Spirit is the decree of God. It has been created from the Divine Light of God's person but angels have been created from the Divine Lights of the attributes of God, who is the Absolute Presence (from the lights of His beautiful names).
God is One and His hands are two. God said in the Koran that He created man with His two hands. Spirit was existed from the Divine Light of God, Himself but millions of angels were existed from each of God's beautiful names. Spirit is, in fact, only one. The other spirits were existed from the first Muhammadan Spirit just like the sun and the stars.
Spirit is the Divine Light of God's person but the angels are the Divine lights of God's beautiful names. God, who is the existence Himself, is only one and unique and His hands are two. It means His attributes assembled in two categories called as "jalal - power, majesty and wrath" and "jamal - beauty, mercy and grace" because God is both strong and angry and very merciful and beautiful. For this reason, some of the angels are Merciful (Jamal) and some are full of wrath (Jalal).
The devil as called the sample of meanness was created from the name of God "Cebbar-All-Dominating" with the name "Kahhar-Wrathful, Crusher" so, it is the sample of badness, wickedness and untruthfulness. The reason why Satan did not prostrate before man was it could not get rid of the tyranny the name "Cebbar-All Dominating" gave him. He always sees himself strong and boastful because he is under the tyranny of the names "Cebbar and Kahhar". Since the Holy Spirit is the Divine Light of God's person, it bears both the attributes of God's person and the attributes of His names. This truth has been confirmed with the following verse:
"I taught Adam all my names." (Al -Baqarah, 31)
It is also understood with the following verse that the attribute of knowledge belongs to God and spirits have the ability to learn and gain knowledge as a result, man is able to communicate with God.
"Allamel insane ma'lem ya'lem - God teaches man what he does not know." (Al-Alaq, 5)
Spirit has all the opposite powers and attributes although it is very powerful because it has all the mighty and merciful attributes and the Divine light of God's person.
God says in another verse: "İnna halaknel insane min nutfetin emşac - I have created man from the union of two waters, I may put him into proof (I may try him)." (Al- İnsan, 2)
He means to say which attributes of Him will be superior in man. His wrathful or merciful attributes? If His merciful attribute is superior to him, then, man is faithful and religious, and he has reached the Divine Knowledge. If His wrathful attribute is superior, he is bad, cruel, obstinate and repudiate. Spirit is stronger, more superior and scholarly than all the angels, which are the low and holy beings.
For this reason, God made all the angels prostrate before man who has this spirit and He made all the creation, all the creatures depend on man or subjected to man. Spirit and the angels mentioned above are in fact, the essential and attributive powers of God. They are His manifestations - appearances. There is nothing and nobody except God. The only presence is He. All the physical and spiritual beings are the signs - manifestations of Him. (71)
We should not forget that the only existence is God. (72)
(71)This firm reality has definitely been explained in the first chapter of our book called VARLIK-EXISTENCE.
(72) The tree of Existence is one. Its root is Unity (oneness), its branches are the manifestations and its fruit is the Perfect Man. All of them are God, who is eternal, unique, endless and infinite sea of Divine Light. It means: God is One, Messenger is Truth (Haq) or in other words; the existence - presence - is one and the Perfect Man is true. We can exemplify the reality "Existence is One and His manifestations are seven" as "one sea and seven connected waves which flow towards the shore". The secrecy of these seven manifestations is due to the Divine light of God that manifested in six different colors. They are: 1-Lilac colored light blue, 2-The green color of grass, 3-Light yellow, 4-Red, 5-White, 6-Black. The rank of Oneness has no color. It is the world of colorlessness and invisibility. Lâ taayyün esrar - the indefinite mystery....
Another mystery of these seven ranks is hidden in the head of man. Man has got two eyes, two ears, two nostrils and a mouth. When you add them, it makes seven. There are also four different senses on the head of man: seeing, hearing, speaking and smelling. When you multiply 7 by 4, it makes 28 and the Koran consists of 28 Arabic letters. This reality shows that the Koran is hidden in the head of man. It is one of the reasons why the Perfect Man is called "Koran" in Sufism.
God has explained the superiority of man with the verse:
"Ve nefehtü fihi min ruhi - I breathed My spirit into man." (Sad, 72)
The spirit that is the Divine Light of God's person and qualified by all the good qualities, mainly science, will certainly be superior to all the physical and spiritual beings by means of this right. God also called man "My messenger, My caliph, My apostle, My prophet, My saint, My heir” because the spirit has the attributes of thinking and inventing.
The body of man was created better and more perfectly than the other beings. The right of standing upright is given only to man among the other beings, which enabled man to be the administrator or the master of the entire universe and of all the physical and spiritual beings. The shape of man and the mysteries or the secrets of God on his face show the superiority of him. When man stands up, he has the form of the Arabic letter Elif "A", when he bends, Dal "D", when he prostrates, Mim "M". If you put these letters next to each other in order, you get the word "ADAM". The reason why the first man was given the name - Adam - depends on this mystery. When man prostrates, he gives the form "MUHAMMAD" in Arabic letters.
“Muhammad” means, "highly praised by God". The name given to the Last Prophet shows his exalted rank and prophecy. As every prophet, the name of the last Prophet is also special and nobody was called by the same name before Him.
Muhammad, Jesus, Moses, Abraham, Noah, Adam, David, John the Baptist, Zachariah, Isaac, Jacob, Ishmael, Aaron, Lot, Hud, Enoch, Sheet and the other Prophets (May peace be upon them!) were given their names before the others. The history of humanity is a witness to this reality. This fact shows that these holy men, mentioned above, have been chosen by God. The Prophets and the Walis who are the friends of God are the Words of God. Another name of the spirit is "the literal word of God".
The Prophet Muhammad, who is the biggest manifestation of God, just like the sun, has taken the name "Cevamiül kelim - Total of all the names". For, he is the divine father of all the spirits -Ebi Mukaddes. Among the other Walis -the Friends of God -, the only person who has a special name is Hazrat Ali, who is the son of Muhammad's uncle. Nobody has taken the name "Ali" before. That is why this greatest friend of God is called "Şâhi Velayet -The King of Sainthood", "Veliyullah - the Saint (Friend) of God" and "Keremallahü Vechehu -God treated his face with honor".
A baby is in the form of prostrating in his mother's womb: His hands are on his ears and his knees are stretched towards his abdomen. He draws the word “Muhammad” in Arabic letters when he is upside down and his feet are together. It shows that God has given man the name "Muhammad -praised". Man draws the word "Muhammad" when he prostrates during his ritual prayer. A poet tells us this reality with the following lines:
"I am evident with my absence; I belong to the family of the Prophet,
In the form of my prostrating, my witness is the name of Muhammad."
Prostrating is the most important action in the performance of the ritual prayer. Prayer consists of three main actions which are called as "Kıyam -standing upright", "Rüku -bending" and "sücut -prostrating". While a person is performing salat, he does all the worships of all the plants, of all the animals and of all the people at the same time. "Namaz" is the most important worship for this reason, God has given this great honor only to man. This worship should be performed with a complete belief and as the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him!) had done. Namaz, which means begging and praying to God, removes wickedness and adultery from man. This matter has been clarified by the following verse:
"İnnessalate tenha anil fehşai vel münker - Namaz fends away the indecency, evil and the adultery." (Al - Ankabut, 45)
Ritual prayer cannot be performed without through cleansing. Man receives physical and moral favors of God when he is in the presence of Him with a clean body and a strong belief. The heart and the body of man who performs this prayer become pure. Cleanliness enables the body and spirit to become healthy. Ritual prayer also means action. Life is action too. If a person performs his ritual worship five times a day, he becomes active and healthy. He is never lazy or insensible.
"Fasting", performed with belief, is also another way of worshipping God. Fasting kills one's lower instincts, his sinful carnal desires and it controls his passions. It enables man to be resolute and determined. It also causes the heart and mind to rest by keeping them away from the pressure of the digesting organs because it has positive effects on the circulation of blood and on the digesting system. Fasting helps man to get used to struggling with his evil feelings. It incites the feelings of fairness and compassion hidden in the spirit and heart of man by means of hunger. In addition, it causes man to feel sorry for the poor and to realize the necessity of helping them. To sum up, fasting helps everybody to understand and to be willing to help each other.
These two very important worshipping "prayer and fasting" should be done in order to get God's love and consent with a true belief, just as the other worships. They are the duty of being a man. They are a secret between man and his God. They should be done as secretly as possible in order not to be seen and heard by the other people. God likes secret worship. Therefore, the Prophet Muhammad encouraged people to perform the secret worship very much as well as the obligatory ones.
As explained above, God has given man the possibility of liberty and limitless authority because of the superiority He entrusted him. He gave everything between the Earth and the Heavens, the Angels and the entire Universe, seen and unseen, to man's command. Man obtained a highness that enables him to perform duty in the name of God due to all these attributes. He also became responsible to God for this liberty and highness. The face of man has been embellished by two eyes that look like the letter "Ayn" in Arabic. His nose looks like "Lam" and his mouth with his upper lips diverted into two in the middle looks like "Ya" which make it very beautiful. When these letters are connected, "Aliyyül âlâ-Very Exalted" is written on his face. It is the proof of the superiority of man by the hand of God.
Man has five inner and five outer senses.
The exterior senses are seeing, smelling, speaking, hearing, touching and the inner ones are imagination, surmising, remembering, memory and thinking, which have embellished and ornamented man.
THE ENTRANCE OF SPIRITS INTO HUMAN BODY
"Lekad halaknel insane fi ahseni takvim, sümme redednahü esfele safilin - I created man in a most noble image, then I reduced him to the lowest of the low." (Al-Tin, 4-5)
God started the adventure of the spirit to his servants with the above verse. It is stated that spirit was sent to the human body that is made of water, soil and the other elements of the physical world and which is a biological being at a very low state, while it was in the spiritual world having all the qualities of God and when it was a beautiful Divine light of God. The verse "I breathed into man from My spirit.” (Sad, 72) is the clear evidence of it.
The spirit sent into human body from the holy world protects its holiness until a person is seven years old. Then, it starts to lose its divinity and fineness as it increases its relation with the body and the physical world; as a result, it becomes low and common. This materialized spirit falls into the hollow of ignorance. It forgets its first Divine state and the moment of the agreement between God and itself when it has been created. It even forgets its origin, its source, which is God. Brutal feelings dominate it and it starts to become cruel and shed blood just like wild animals. He has no holiness and highness anymore. It has become dirty and low with material smear. He is under the imputation of the verse: "Belhüm edel - He is lower than an animal" (Sad, 72). He is unaware of the realities and in a state of repudiating and bewilderment.
He has forgotten his old, sacred and bright days indicated in the verse: "Vezekkirhüm bi eyyamillah - Remember the days you spent with God." (Abraham, 5) He has fallen into a terrible darkness of ignorance, become very rebellious to his origin, God. He is very harmful for his environment and for the people around him. Now, he is in the darkness of matter ... he is in the Hell.
THE RETURN OF THE SPIRITS
God, the Most High, has pity on the man who is in this state with His attribute "Rahman - Very Merciful". He sends them some special people like "the Prophets and Walis", who bear Divine Spirit that knows the realities in order to save them from this low state. He calls them with the verse "İrcii ila Rebbiki - Return to your God!" (Al - Fajr, 28)
The person who bears Divine spirit- the first manifestation of God-who has come to this world and returned to his God becoming Divine, who was sent to the Earth in order to help bewildered people that have forgotten their agreement with God, who attains good attributes and who is the scholar of God is called "Perfect Man - İnsan-ı Kâmil".
The inside of the Perfect Man is God, his outside is human. It means his inside is Divine Light and his outside is matter. He is with God with his inner side and he is with the people with his outer side. He is just like a point that connects the outer and the inner worlds with this state of him.
"Kül innema ena beşerün mislüküm yuha - Say: I am a mortal like yourselves but more, I have the sacred word of God, sacred spirit and very high knowledge of God." (Al -Kahf, 110)
"In hüve illa vahyün yuha - Whatever the Prophet (Muhammad) - the Perfect Man says- it is the revelation (the word of God)." (Al -Najm, 4)
The words of the Perfect Man are Divine. He differs from the ignorant man in this respect. He is also a human. The favor of God can change immature people into their first states if they obey the Perfect Man, who has been given the duty by God with the calling "Return to your God!", in the path he directs and under his high training. They will get rid of the stiffness of matter by being purified and will be embellished with the good attributes of God as a result they will become holy and find the possibility of being a Perfect Man attaining goodness and righteousness. This education is called "Seyr-i Süluk (Progress on the Spiritual Path)" in Sufism. The path of God which is called "Seyr-i Süluk (Spiritual Journey) -Velâyet (Sainthood), Tariqat (Divine Way)" in Sufism is the spiritual, sacred journey, traveling to infinity. Another name of it is: detachment from the world, purification and being away from the wickedness. God said: "Divest and meet - embrace!" (73)
The Perfect Man is like a fig or natural lime. A fig is full inside and it is pleasant and sweet. One fig has thousands of seeds in it. These seeds are all the knowledge mentioned in the verse:
"Ve allame Ademel Esmae külleha - I taught Adam (man) all my names." (Al -Baqarah, 31) Each seed reflects a name. Existence is One but His attributes are one thousand and one. Man is also called "the great book" because he has gathered all the knowledge in himself. Man is also a mirror of God's person and His attributes. He has gathered everything in himself and he is superior to all the creation with this characteristic of him. Niyazi Mısri said:
"Creation is the mirror to the art of God,
Man is the mirror to the artist Himself."
The above poem expresses the reality that the man has been reflecting God. Particularly, the heart of man is just like a big, bright mirror or an electric bulb that reflects God. God revealed this fact as: "I can fit into neither the Earth nor the heavens; I am in the heart of the believer." (74)
(73) Sayyid Abd-ul Qadir Gilani "Sirrül Esrar" p.99, trans. by A.Akçiçek p.118, İstanbul, 1964
(74) Sadreddin Konevi "Kırk Hadis" trans. by Harun Ünal, Vahdet Publ.
Ajluni "Kashf ul Khafa" vol.2, p.195
Aliyyül Kâri "Al-Esrâr ül Merfua" p.310, hadith 423 and p.260, hadith 331
Man differs from an ignorant man who has not been given Divine Education with this quality. Immature man is called animal-like man. We can observe it in the body of man; the diaphragm separates human body into two parts. In the upper part of it man has a heart and a brain, in the lower part there are dirty digestive organs and the organs of generation. The upper part of the diaphragm is angel-like and the lower part of it is animal-like. If man does not have the divine Light of God in his heart and if he does not attain the consideration and the knowledge of God in his brain, he is completely an animal then. Osman Kemal Efendi from Erzurum expressed this reality very beautifully in the following poem:
"I do not want a man with a man's face but an animal in character,
His inclination is vile; although he does favor, he commits sin."
The tendency of such a man is always towards his lower part of his body so his favor is also evil. God, who is the Existence, is everywhere. He reveals in the Koran that He is closer to us than we are:
"Ve nahnü akrebü ileyhi min hablil varid - We are closer to man than the vein in his throat." (Qaf, 16)
He, to whom no place or limit can be assigned, is in everywhere. He is the limit Himself. There cannot be the limit of the limits or the place of the places. God, who is the existence, is the first and the last of the eternity. God, who Himself is the existence, is the first who has no first, the last who has no end, the inner who has no interior, the outer who has no outer because He is a whole and the first, the last, the inner, the outer is He. He is the constant presence who has no edges and all the creation is His manifestation. He is the one who created everything and also time from His own presence. He is not dependent on time because time is Himself. (75) He is the eternal presence.
(75)Time cannot be considered for God, who is the First and the Last, the Seen and the Unseen. He-Himself is the present, past and future. He is the only One who is present, past and future. He is constant, so present, past and future are constant too. Time is for the beings that are manifested from Him. Time cannot be attributed to Him because the Absolute Existence is eternal in the past and eternal in the future. Time is for the limited beings that have a beginning and an end. There is a period of time between the rising of the water drops and their falling into the pool but the pool is free from time during this event. Similarly, the beings that are existed and annihilated in Him depend on time. The Absolute Existence God is constant, infinite and is exempt from time. He is particularly time and place, as a result there, is no other time of time and no other place of the place.
One who exists is He. Existence exists and non-existence does not exist. God transmitted us that He was closer to us than we were and added saying that He encompassed everything so He is both inside and outside of us. The strong lights pass through the body of a man who enters a room lit by X-rays. The light is both inside and outside of the man who is in this situation. Niyazi Mısri expressed it very beautifully saying:
"God is in our heart and we are also in His heart."
The Divine Light of God has the qualities of seeing, hearing speaking, voice as well as knowledge. Again, Niyazi explained this reality 300 years ago as follows:
"God changed His Divine Light into words
And His words into Divine Light."
Today, radio and television have confirmed Niyazi. Light can be transformed into sound and sound can be transformed into light.
Why does man not get benefit from God personally although He tells us that He is much closer to us than ourselves and He has encompassed everything? Why does man not get favor of His divine light and His sweet voice? The example of it is: Electricity exists everywhere, in matter, in water, in the air, and even in the body of man. Unfortunately, we cannot see, understand and make use of it. There are also the network of electricity and electric bulbs. When we push the button, the bulb emits light. If we touch it with our naked hand, we get affected. Although electricity surrounds us and it exists in our body, we are not able to make use of it directly. We cannot reach God directly either, as He is an immense and endless Divine Light. He has sheltered Himself with the Perfect Man and with other objects.
The Perfect Man is just like a cable that protects energy and He emits light just like an electric bulb. When we meet the Perfect Men, who are the Prophets or the Friends of God (Walis) and the scholars of God, as if we meet God who is Divine Light. The heart of a Perfect Man is like a big, bright mirror which reflects God or like an electric bulb which emits electricity. His hand is white "Elyedel beyza". (76)
(76) Al-Naml, 12 / Al Qassas, 32 __________________________________________________________
His hand looks like Moses’s hand which diffuses electricity or light. Whoever obeys the Perfect Man obeys God directly.
"İnnelezine yubayiuneke innema yubaiun Allah yedillahi fevke eydihim - O, the Prophet, those who obey you (who swear fealty to you) obey God (swear allegiance to God). The hand of God is on their hands so they hold the hand of God." (Al- Fath, 10)
"Vatesimübi hablillahi cemia - Hold the string of God!" (Al - İmran, 103)
The above verse also explains this reality because the self (nafs) of the Perfect Man -the Prophet - is the Holy Word of God.
"Men yütiür Resule fekad ata Allah - He who obeys the messenger of God obeys God." (Al -Nisa, 80)
"Kül in küntüm tühibbun Allahe fettebiuni - Say: If you love God, follow me (swear fealty to me)." (Al - Imran, 31)
"Vebteu ileyhil vesile - The person who wants to find God must obey the mediator." (Al- Maidah, 35)
These verses are the clear evidences that prove the importance, necessity and the help of the Perfect Man. It is impossible to make use the prosperity of God, to get the spiritual benefaction and the blessing of God unless you find the Perfect Man, swear fealty to him and follow his path. It is bewilderment to look for the radiance in another place instead of the electric bulb on a dark night thinking that the electricity is everywhere. God established His path and His order in this way. He showed His justice by teaching the path of benefiting from Him.
God enabled man to be able to succeed great works with the divine light of intelligence creating him in His own quality. Today, it is proved that man has the ability to solve the mystery of the Universe. As a result, man has been responsible to himself, humanity, his environment and particularly to his children as well as to all the good and poor people. Man who can climb the Sky is able to maintain the equality and justice and support the economical life and the health of his children and of the other needy people by establishing governments. In this situation, some nonsense statements such as "Why does God make little children sick?, or If there had been God, He would have been just and would not have given the children illnesses" made by Diderot (27) and Russel, (28), who reached a very high level knowledge, make us annoyed and think about it. We would not have mentioned about this subject if Diderot, Russel and similar materialist scientists had been in complete ignorance of the matter of the social state and parents. The state and parents are responsible for the illnesses of the children except widespread diseases.
Death is the decree of God. No force is able to stop it. Wars are caused by the jealousy of people and they are because of the greed and passions of the rulers. God has given man intelligence and he has become responsible for it. Wars are started by men. God will definitely punish unfair people. God cannot be denied by attributing Him the violence of wars, which is another nonsense.
Nobody will be able to change the order of God and He will not change the arranged order for the sake of some people either.
WHAT IS SPIRIT?
God revealed in the Koran:
"Veyes’eluneke anirruhi, külirruhi min emri Rabbi - If they ask you about the Spirit, say: The spirit is at my God's command." (Al-Isra, 85)
Spirit is God's decree, His manifestation, His Divine Light and the Divine Light (Nur). The quality of God is also Divine Light. In another verse that clarifies this, it is said:
"Ela lehül halku vel emr - It was He who created everything. His is the Creation, His is the Command." (Al - Araf, 54)
In the above verse, it has been explained that the creation and decree are different things. The Koran has revealed that spirit is absolutely not a physical being. It exists only in man; it does not exist in plants and in animals. The verse that explains the fact that spirit is given only to man is as follows:
"Ve nefehtü fihi min ruhi - I breathed into man from My spirit." (Sad, 72)
God calls the spirit "My spirit" and this shows the Divinity of Spirit because spirit has the quality of knowledge and thought, which are the qualities of God. The living quality in plants and animals is the sign of "Hay -the living, vigorous" quality of God. The unconsciousness and ignorance in the other living things except man proves this.
Spirit and soul are not physical.
As an example: If we leave a green leaf under a piece of stone for a while, we see that it loses its color. This event shows that plants get their color from the sun. In addition to this, if we weigh a piece of green leaf, and then split it into its molecules and re-weigh it, we see that it does not lose anything from its weight but color does not exist in that leaf any longer.
This proves that color is not matter because matter has a weight and dimensions, then, color is not matter itself but it is the quality or the characteristic of it.
Similarly, if we weigh a man, then split him into his molecules and then re-weigh him, there will be no change in weight but he loses his liveliness. It has been definitely understood that the liveliness - the quality of living, life -is not physical, but it is the quality of it, same as the color.
God has explained in His last book -the Koran - that spirit is not matter but it is His decree, His manifestation and His mystery that attains His attribute of life and knowledge. It is accepted that man has a more obvious liveliness than plants and animals and he also has the divinity due to the quality of thinking and he is the most superior and the master of the Earth and the Universe because of these qualities.
Spirit is one of the holy attributes of God. This matter has been stated precisely by the Koran.
SPIRIT AND THE KINDS OF SPIRIT
Spirits have taken names according to their positions and ranks. They are four kinds depending on the reality of 4 maqams (ranks):
1- THE HOLY SPIRIT: This spirit was created from the great Mohammedan Divine Spirit, which is the first manifestation of God, and it became visible in the second manifestation. They are the spirits annihilated and abode in God (Fenafillah -Annihilation in God) and Bekabillah -Abiding in God). They are also called as "Ruhul Kudüs- the Sacred Soul". Each Holy Spirit is the manifestation of the name of God "Kuddüs -The Most Sacred". They are the spirits of the Prophets and the Walis and qualified by the name and attribute of God "Kuddüs". This spirit is accepted as the Hand of God (123) and the Rope of God. (124) The spirit of a person that holds that hand or rope also meets (reaches) God and becomes holy and divine, as a result.
The Holy Spirit does not leave God because it is the radiance of God. Since it is not physical or matter it is not a mediator as the ignorant people think. The Holy Spirit is the Decree of God. Hu -God is known by means of His attributes. "Hu" is reached with the attribute of "Hu". Existence cannot be known without attributes. The mediator between God and the follower of God is not an ordinary man but it is the Holy Spirit of the Perfect Man whose soul has been annihilated in God and existed in God. Spirit is Haq (Truth) and it is the decree of God so the mediator is the decree of God, it is not a second being because it is not the existence itself but it is the attribute of God's entity.
Mawlana Jalaladdin Rumi said: "Desti o, desti Hudest - The hand of the Perfect Man is the Hand of God." God has already said in the Sura of Al-Fath:
"İnellezine yübayiuneke innema yübayiunallah. Yedillahi fevke eydihim - O Muhammad! Those who swear fealty to you, swear fealty to Allah. The hand of Allah is above their hands." (Al-Fath, 10)
2- THE SULTANİ (IMPERIAL) SPIRIT: This spirit is in the Ceberut Heaven just below the Lahut. Ceberut means powerful, sultan also means powerful so this spirit is called "The Sultani Spirit". This spirit has become annihilated in the greatest spirit "Ruh-u Azam (Great Soul)". The expression "Fenafi Resul (Annihilation in Prophet)" in Sufism indicates the state of this spirit.
3- BRIGHT (DIVINE) SPIRIT: This is the spirit in Melekut and it has not entered the darkness of the body-the lowest state (Esfeli Safilin) yet. It is called "Divine Spirit ", which means the one who protects his liveliness and purity, because it is in the world of Divine Light and very active. This is the state called as "Fenafi Pir" which means "annihilated in the spirit of The Perfect Man (the friend of God)."
4- MATERIAL (CORPOREAL) SPIRIT: This is the spirit sent to the mortal, physical world -the lowest of the low-by God. The spirit, which is inspired to a baby in a certain month by God, while it is still in the womb of his mother protects its purity -clear liveliness -until he/she is seven years old. It is not spoilt or ruined until 15. He starts to change under the influence of his parents, of his surrounding and their opinions after 15.The more he increases his relation with the body, with the self and with the biological world, the more he inclines his carnal desires, the worse he becomes. It is called "Corporeal Spirit" for this reason. The most dangerous type of this spirit is being completely matter because it is perished then (Neuzübillah).
"They do not have faith anymore (they are unbelievers)." (Ya-Sin, 7)
The above verse is about those whose spirits (they cannot be called spirits anymore) are in the state like the rotten seed in a storehouse. The spirit of that person becomes "Nafs-i Ammarah (Egoistic Soul)".
May God have mercy and blessing for the Muslims and for those who seek the reality! Our only shelter is God and His mercy, which encompasses all things.
"İnne rahmeti vesiat külle şey'in - My mercy really encompassed everything." (Al-A'raf, 156)
Sadakallahül azim! (It means: He has spoken the truth, used especially at the end of a recital of the Koran)
- The First Manifestation
The first manifestation is also called "Ahmediyet" which means: the Divine Light of Oneness. Ahmed is the Divine Light of Divine Unity. Ahmed means "only one, unique". In the Latin Bible, it means "Feraklid". It has been transmitted in the Bible that unless JESUS Christ dies, the real savior of humanity, the Prophet who is called "AHMED -the only one" will not come. In the Koran, it is written in Jesus Christ's words: (77)
"Mübeşşiren bi Resulin, ye'ti min badismühü AHMED - I give the good news to Israelities, the Messenger, who will come after me, is called AHMED." (Al-Saff, 6)
It is an obvious fact that the first and the last Prophet is our dear Prophet Muhammad and his name is "Feraklid -Ahmed" which means: the unique, the only one. Our Prophet had explained the fist manifestation of God by saying; "When Adam - man - was between water and clay, I mean, when he was not created yet, I was even then the Prophet." (78)
We can show the brightness, the light of dawn as the best example of the first manifestation.
(77) See also "Kitab-ı Mukaddes" from the translation Yeni Ahit
Maurice Bucaille "Tevrat, İnciller ve Kur'an" trans. Dr. M.Ali Sönmez Ankara -1988
(78) Thirmizi, Menakıb-1
B) The Second Manifestation:
Levh-i Mahfuz - Well Preserved Tablet or Decree Eternal: This is the second manifestation which appeared from the first manifestation. It is an image of the summary of the world of Manyness. The summary of spirits has been put in order from the Spirit of Muhammad, just like the seeds of flowers but they have not been determined clearly yet. The reason why this manifestation is called as "Immutable Essence and Preserved Tablet” is because: it is seen as the clear fixed dots and as a protected Tablet that has hidden the secrets of God. It has the summary of the full explanation of Destiny of the entire Universe and all the creation that will appear later. This second manifestation is also hidden in the Person of God.
THE KINDS OF SELF
NAFS-İ MUTMAİNNAH (Soul at peace):
This nafs seeks the good and the right things. He contents himself when he finds them. He symbolizes the person who believes in God. He is always in favor of goodness and truth. He tends towards perfectionism by searching and criticizing. It is the nature of the Muslim that submits the truth. The person who has this nature is at peace and he is soft and safe. God protects him and calls him to Himself:
"Ya eyyetühennefsül mütmeinneh, ircii ila Rabbiki radiyeten merdiyyeh, fedhüli fi ibadi vedhüli fi cenneti! - O serene soul! who found the truth and became contented. Return to your Lord who is your origin, joyful and pleasing -willing and contented-.Join the pure servants whom God chose and enter My paradise. See me!” (Al-Faajr, 27-30)
This nafs is the good soul that God sent good news with the above verses. It is represented by the sheep, the ram and the dove.
NAFS-İ RADİYAH (Consented Soul):
It is a nature that is inclined to goodness. He seeks God's consent and he is contented with Him. He likes favor, justice and kindness. He does his best to help the others. He does not get angry with anybody and he tries to love everybody. It is a soul of the person who wants to advance in this path. It is represented by the ram and the dove again.
NAFS-İ MARDİYYAH (Perfected Soul):
This nafs also looks for the consent of God just like Radiyyah and he has advanced very much in this aim. He is away from the wickedness and inclined to devote himself to God. He is a candidate to be a Perfect Man. It is a good soul represented by the ram and the dove.
A PERFECT SELF
NAFS-İ SAFİYYAH (Clarified Soul):
It is a perfect soul purified from all kinds of disbelief, treachery and fleshly, infernal desires. He acquired the quality of meeting God. Unless you are purified, there is no way to embrace God because God is pure and He likes the pure. The person who has this nafs gained the right to the eternal life and eternal happiness. He has learnt himself and his God who is his essence. He represents the Perfect Man. He is one of the true servants and the beloved of God.
This nafs got rid of the carnal self by melting and perishing in the Divine presence of God same as a piece of ice melted in a hot sea. He reached the reality said by the Prophet as "Qualify yourself with the qualities of God!" (79) and "Be a sea but do not get changed." (80)
He obeyed the verse "Fefirru illallah - Escape to Allah!" (Al -Dhariyat, 50) and he met his God. He is qualified with the qualities of Him.
(79) Sayyid Abd-al Qadir Gilani "Sirrül Esrar", p. 99, Rahmet Publ. İstanbul 1964
Mawlana "Fihi Mafih" p.192, Dev. Kit. MEB. Publ. 1974
(80) Sayyid Abdülkadir Geylani "Sirrül Esrar" p.118, Rahmet Publ. İstanbul. 1968
Another name of this soul is "Zakiyyah - pure, virtuous". It is also honored with the rank of King (Shah, President).The full perfection of this soul is to be perished and annihilated in "Nafs-i Natıqa" which means the Universal Divine Spirit of the Great Prophet Muhammad, who is the father of all the spirits. Nafs-i Safiyya (Clarified Soul) is not a nafs anymore because he became a Holy Spirit. His exterior became interior and his interior became the exterior.
"I created man from mixed water. We try him." (Al-İnsan/Dehr), 2)
He passed the examination told in the verse above because he beat the wickedness and became a good person.
A seed is destroyed in two ways. Firstly, it is planted in a field and destroyed. However, in this destruction it is re-existed and extended out to infinity because seven branches grow from this seed, there are seven ears in each branch and if God wishes, there can be 100 grains on each ear and if 700 grains are planted again it will stretch to infinity bearing more and more grains. Numbers begin with one and continues to infinity, as there is no limit to numbers. One dominates the infinite numbers. Each number consists of ones and becomes infinite. This fact also proves the oneness and the infinity of God. God is one, He likes one, Divine Unity, order and peace. He does not like duality, divisibility, intrigue and anarchy.
"He comes one by one, goes one by one, remains one
No doubt, no misgiving, all is one, God is one." (Mustafa Yardımcı)
He who completes the stage of "Nafs-i Safiyya" has been qualified with good morals or praised qualities. The prayer of that person is accepted as he does favors and prays for favors. We hope that God deserves us the prayers of these people. Whoever mortifies his lusts, he meets his God and reaches the eternal prosperity and happiness.
The seven nafs mentioned above have also four stages of each. They can be passed over slowly struggling with the carnal self and by "seyr-i süluk -special religious training" like the slow motion of a shadow and the slow growth of trees and children.
We have said that a seed is destroyed in two ways and the first way has already been explained. Secondly, a seed is destroyed in a storehouse being rotten in itself. In this destruction, there is no re-existing after being destroyed like the first one in the field because it is perished being rotten in a grain cellar and in itself.
Similarly, if a person is annihilated and becomes perished in his God, he finds the presence of God in this annihilation again. He dives into an infinite sea, becomes infinite like an infinite drop. If not, he will be decayed and perished like a seed in a storehouse, because his inner structure becomes rotten in his outer structure and he loses the eternal life as a result of it. The place God informed as Hell has different stages. The inner structure of cruel people who belong to the lowest stage decays in a deep darkness same as the decaying of a seed in a grain cellar after suffering great torture. It becomes perished and matter like a piece of stone and the quality of liveliness is taken back from him.
May God protect us from the danger of being one of the cruel!
FOUR MAQAMS (STATIONS) FOUR ALEMS (WORLDS-HEAVENS)
There are four worlds that are called as "Nasut, Melekut, Ceberut, Lahut". They are the Worlds (Alem) when they are counted from above downwards and they are called maqams -Heavens- when they are counted below to upwards.
1-NASUT (Human Nature): This world is also called "Shuhut -Mülk". It is a physical and biological world. It is the world of the beings seen with our eyes. This world is particularly the Earth, which is the low world of God. It is the deep darkness of matter. There is also a darkness of Lahut in a secret place of the Skies. Unpurified souls are in this darkness. The journey of the spirit between this place and Divine World is called a part of seyr-i süluk (progress on the spiritual path) in Sufism because there are dark and light veils between man and God. It is the most difficult journey for the spirit to progress and the hardest period for the aspirant (the follower of God), but the rest of the journey is in Light.
There are also some holy places in the world of Nasut such as the Kaaba, Ravza-i Mutahhara, (102) Mescid-i Aksa (103) the tombs or the mausoleums of the Prophets and Walis and the places of worship, mosques, temples etc. They are sacred and pure places. The world of Nasut has already been explained in the first chapters of this book, it will be very useful if the parts about the seven manifestations are read and understood again. (81)
(81) See VARLIK-EXISTENCE
2- MELEKUT (Angelic Reign):
The Melekut Heaven begins from the place where the sun rays almost finish and mix the light of Melekut in space. It is the fourth Sky and the world of Divine Light. It is eternal and created from the Divine Light (Nur). This place is the Kingdom of the Holy Spirits and Angels. All things were created from the Divine Light in Melekut whereas everything was created from an atom in the world of Nasut. Melekut is full of with the spirits and angels that are accepted as the forces of God. They are like the images on the screen or in a mirror. They are permanent and actually light. There are rivers, green plants, fruits and the ranks of the holy spirits there and their original structure is Divine Light as mentioned before. They appear like that. Melekut is the heaven, which is a mixture of yellow and white, beautiful Divine Light.
3- CEBERUT (The World of Divine Compulsion):
Ceberut means majesty or dominion. This heaven is created from more powerful but finer divine light of God. It is a very beautiful and relaxing Divine Light that has the color of green grass. Another name of this place is "MAKAM-I MAHMUD (PRAISED RANK)" and it belongs to the great Divine Spirit of the Prophet Muhammad. It is the throne, the rank of the Prophet Muhammad, who is the father of all the spirits and the dearest beloved of God. This Heaven is very beautiful, very immense and magnificent and it is the highest position after Lahut. It presents a mysterious state.
There is a great sea in Ceberut Heaven which represents the spirit of the Prophet Muhammad in the spiritual world same as the sun represents him in the physical world. All the secret mysteries and sacred blessings spread from this rank to the others and all the other Heavens are supported and maintained by the generous blessing of this Heaven. This rank is also free from all the shapes and forms and it is a manifestation, a glory and the Divine Light of God.
4- LAHUT (Divine Nature):
This maqam (rank) is also called "The world of Truth and Oneness". It is the origin, the essence, the source of all the worlds. It is the Divine Light of all the Divine Lights "Nurul Envar" and the Kingdom of God, the highest throne of Him. God is the essence of this place. He governs the Heavens below from here with Knowledge, Justice and Wisdom. God does not rely upon anything but the throne and all the worlds depend on Him. All the creation is the manifestation of the limitless infinite presence of God. He is the limitless being to whom no limit can be assigned and He is the place of all things. Place is Himself. The place of the places cannot be considered. So, the highest and the most sacred rank or position is Lahut, which is the world of Truth - the reality of realities. There are not any castles, palaces, shapes, figures and forms in here except the Divine Light of God's face. One who does not purify himself from the fleshly desires, bad habits and wickedness is not able to enter this very sacred "Akdes" place. The spirits that reaches it becomes completely perished, annihilated and lost. This is called "non-existence in existence". He is attired in sacred clothes made of Divine Light of Lahut and he exists in non-existence with the omnipotence of God. This is called "existence in non-existence". These are the states which are called as "Fenafillah (Annihilation in God) and Bakabillah (Abiding in God)" in Sufism. The realities Niyazi Misri expressed in the following poem are the realities mentioned above:
“Do not think that we are in love with fear or hope like fanatics!
We have already passed them; we are in love with the day when we meet our Lord,
We are the lovers of infinity, eternity of Oneness,
Those who divest (who are free from egoism) may understand us.”
The verses: "Escape to Allah!" (Al-Dhariyat, 50) and "Return to your Lord!" (Al-Fath, 28)
The sacred saying: "Divest and meet!" (82)
The sacred saying of the Prophet: "Qualify yourself with the qualities of God." (83)
They are all said for the Kingdom of God, which is the last aim. "İlâhi ente maksudi ve rizake matlubi - My God, you are my aim and my desire is your consent". It is again intended to the glory of the Kingdom of Lahut for the followers of God to recite the statement above.
We have explained widely the reality "one existence, seven manifestations and four maqams". The reason of six manifestations of God depends on the appearances of Divine Light in six different colors. God is colorless and He is assigned to take no colors. Water takes the color of its container. These colors are; the color of grass -the green Divine Light of Muhammad, coral red-the Divine Light of Noah and Abraham, the milk white -the Divine Light of Moses, soft silver like yellow -the Divine Light of Adam, black -the Divine Light of Jesus Christ and the mixture of blue and purple is the Divine Light of Natıqa.
The reason of four maqams depends on the reality of the Divine Unity of God-Oneness, spirit, angels and body._____________________________________________________
(82) Sayyid Abd –al Qadir Gilani “Sirrül Esrar”, p.99, rahmet Publ. İstanbul, 1964
(83) Sayyid Abd-al Qadir Gilani "Sirrül Esrar", p.99, Rahmet Publ.
Mawlana "Fihi Mafih" p.192, Dev. Kit. MEB. Publ. 1974
RABITA (SPIRITUAL CONNECTION)
In the Religion of Islam, there is no mediator between man and God and there cannot be any either. Establishing a connection and taking an oath of allegiance (to swear fealty) do not mean to make contact with an ordinary and ignorant man. Connection and swearing fealty is to the Holy Spirit (This spirit is the decree of God and it is qualified with all the qualities of God, firstly the Science attribute) or to the people who have this Holy Spirit such as the Prophets, Walis, Perfect Men and Scholars. Connection and swearing fealty is to the knowledge and wisdom but not to a physical body. Spirit is Divine Light and the commandment attribution of God and it is not a creature so, you swear fealty to Haq (the Truth) but not to ordinary people.
Turning towards the light of the sun means turning towards the sun. When you incline to the Perfect Man who bears Holy Spirit, who is wise and scholar, you incline to God. He cannot be called as a mediator because the spirit is the radiance-the light of God and it is impossible to make contact with the sun without radiance and the sun cannot be known without it either.
Therefore, a person who cannot communicate with the Holy Spirit cannot communicate with God, because God is very big and immense Divine Light. If this Divine Light suddenly becomes visible, the entire Universe burns. God sent us the Prophets and the Walis who bear this Holy spirit so as not to remain deprived of the Divine Light and in order to illuminate our spiritual world just like the stars and to inform us about the immense, infinite Divine Light.
The Perfect Man is Nur (Divine Light) -radiance-, God is very big and infinite Divine Light. It is a fact that "Those who do not like little light and do not accept it, do not like and accept much light at all." They are just like the bats. If they do not like and accept the Perfect Men, the Friends of God and the Prophets whose hearts and spirits shine like an electric bulb and who are Divine Lights, how will they accept and love the Prophet Muhammad Mustafa, the sun of God, and Allah, who is limitless, edgeless Divine Light?
Some people say: "We believe in God, we love God, we do not care about the Prophets and we are also human"; and some say: "We believe in the Prophets of God, Who are the Walis (Saints, the Friends of God)?" All these sayings are nonsense, blasphemy and told in order to cover the reality.
The principle is: "Those who do not like little light can never like much light.”
There are and there will be Perfect Men who have good faith, who own the Holy Spirit and who know God entirely among all these people in the world because life goes on, the sun rises and sets and people are alive. God created the Universe in order to be known and the reality to be understood perfectly. Those who do not have the Knowledge of "Men Araf" and have not acquired the Knowledge of "Ledünnü -The Secrecy of the Divine World (Divinely Bestowed Knowledge)" cannot know the essence of the reality with perfection and cannot reach the universal good morals.
As the life goes on, there will be Perfect Men. If it is said that there are not any left, there will be no need for this world because it is contrary to the mystery of the creation. If there are unripe grapes in a vineyard, there are also the ripe ones. There are absolutely Perfect Men among ignorant and imperfect men, like the ripe grapes in a vineyard among millions of unripe grapes. They are the Friends of God (Walis). If a person cannot make contact with a Perfect Man, he is in deep darkness, in bewilderment and in corruption. It is not possible to know God without a Perfect Man and to be benefited from the light and the true Knowledge of God.
Adam - the Perfect Man - is the mirror who reflects God's person and the spirit and the heart of the Perfect Man is the Divine Light, the attribute of God.
Then, firstly, the most Holy Spirit is the Holy Supreme Spirit of Muhammad and the Holy Spirits that reached Allah and that are annihilated and reached the union in Allah. They are the pure and sacred spirits of the Prophet and of the Friends of God.
These Holy Spirits are very sacred, holy, purified, very clean, cleared, glorified, esteemed, honored, cherished spirits. They are released of all kinds of disobedience and rebellion and sins.
Those holy spirits are from the Empyrean Heaven and all the Angels, firstly Gabriel and Michael, are exempt from committing sins.
Therefore, the spirits of the Prophets and of the Friends of God and Angels are innocent and they bear the qualities of chastity, purity and honor.
Because the Prophet and the Friend of God bear the qualities of the Perfect Man, they are innocent as they are Perfect Man.
Mawlana said for the Perfect Man: “He is innocent though he is murdered or he murders. He is sinless.”
In fact, “the Perfect Man” is One. He is our superior, the Master of the ancient people and people of today. (He is the master of Perfect Men who came earlier and who will come afterwards.)
Since other Prophets and the Friends of God are the heirs of the First Spirit, Hz. Muhammad Mustafa (A.S.V.), they are also called as “the Perfect Man”. The chastity-innocence belongs to the Perfect Man.
The Last Word: He who is a Perfect Man is Adam and Adam is innocent.”
They asked the Wise about Adam:
“Who is Adam that the Angels prostrated themselves before him?”
They said: “Höve Höve- He is He”.
Some of them said:
“Adam is the mirror of Hu-Allah.”
Sallu ala Muhammed, sallu ala Ali. Allahümme Selli Ala Seyyidina Muhammed’in ve ala Alihi ve sahbihi vesellim, velhamdülillahi Rabbil alemin.
25 Muharrem-26 July, 1992
-“I taught Adam (The Perfect Man) all My names.” (Baqarah, 31)
-"And when we said to the Angels "Prostrate yourselves before Adam, they all prostrated themselves except satan who is in his pride refused and became an unbeliever." (Al-Baqarah, 34)
-“Inni cailun fi’l ardi halifeten- I placed on the earth Adam (Man) that shall rule as My deputy.” (Al- Baqhara, 30)
-“We have sent you forth to proclaim to the truth and to give warning.” (Al-Baqhara, 119)
-“When His Lord put Abraham to the proof by enjoining on him certain commandments and Abraham fulfilled them, He said: ‘I have appointed you an Imam (a leader, a guide) for mankind’. (Al-Baqhara 124)
-“Thus we have sent forth to you an Apostle (The Prophet- The Perfect Man) of your own who will recite to you Our revelations and purify you of sin, who will instruct you in the Book and in Wisdom and teach you that of which you have no knowledge.” (Baqhara, 151)
-“Kül in küntüm tühibbunallahe fettebiuni........ , - Say: ‘If you love Allah, follow me. God will love you and forgive you your sins.’ ” (The Imrans, 31)
-“When Jesus observed that they had no faith, he said: ‘Who will help me to go to Allah?’ The disciples replied: ‘We are the helpers of Allah’.” (The Imrans, 52)
-“No mortal to whom God has given the Scriptures and whom He has endowed with judgement and prophethood would say to men: ‘Worship me instead of Allah, but rather: ‘Be devoted servants of God’.” (The Imrans, 79)
-“Allah is the Friend of Believers.” (The Imrans, 68)
-“Cling one and all to the rope of Allah (the Perfect Man) and let nothing divide you. Remember the favours God has bestowed upon you, how after your enmity, He united your hearts, so that you are brothers through His grace and how He delivered you from the abyss of fire when you stood on the very bring of it.” (The Imrans, 103)
-“Let there become of you a nation that shall call for the righteousness, enjoin justice and forbid evil. Such men will surely triumph.” (The Imrans, 104)
-“Many large armies have fought by the side of their prophet. They were never daunted by what befell them on the path of God: they neither weakened nor cringed abjectly. God loves the steadfast.
Their only words were: ‘Lord, forgive us our sins and excesses; make us firm of foot and give us victory over the unbelievers!’ Therefore Allah gave them the reward of this life, and the glorious recompense of the life to come; God loves the righteous.” (The Imrans, 146-147-148)
-“Varied are those (they are at different ranks) in the presence of Allah.” (The Imrans, 163)
-“Never think that those were slain in the cause of Allah are dead. They are alive and well-provided for by their Lord.” (The Imrans, 169)
-“God was not to leave the faithful in their present plight, but only to separate the evil from the good. Nor was God to reveal to you what is hidden. But God chooses those of His Apostles, for, if you have faith and guard yourselves against evil, your reward shall be rich indeed.” (The Imrans, 179)
-“Our Lord, we have heard someone calling to the true faith saying: ‘Believe in your Lord’ and we believed Lord, forgive our sins and remove from us our evil deeds and make us die with the righteous.”
-“Lord, grant us what you promised through Your Apostles, and do not hold us up to shame on the day of Resurrection. You will never break Your promise.”
-“The Lord answers them, saying: ‘I will deny no man or woman among you the reward of their labors. I shall forgive them their sins and admit them to the gardens watered by running streams as a reward from God. God holds the richest recompense.” (The Imrans: 193, 194, 195)
-“He that obeys You (the Apostle) obeys Allah” (Nisa, 80)
-“How will their condition be when We produce a witness from every nation and call upon you to testify against them.” (Nisa, 41)
-“On that day, those who disbelieved and disobeyed the Apostle will wish that they were leveled into dust, they shall hide nothing from God.” (Nisa, 42)
-“If when they wronged themselves, they had come to you imploring God’s pardon and if the Apostle had sought of God’s forgiveness for them, they would have found God Forgiving and Merciful.” (Nisa, 64)
-“He that obeys God and the Apostle shall dwell with the Prophets and the Saints, the Martyrs and the righteous men whom Allah has favored. Gracious companions will be those.” (Nisa, 69)
-“Those who deny God and Apostles and those that draw a line between God and Apostles, saying: ‘We believe in some but deny others’ - thus seeking a middle way- these indeed are the unbelievers.” (Nisa, 150-151)
-“......of some Apostles We have already told you, but there are others of whom We have not yet spoken.....and Allah spoke to Moses.” (Nisa, 164)
-“Believers, do not choose the infidels rather than the faithful for your friends.” (Nisa, 144)
-“Vebteu ileyhi’l vesile.....- He who wants to find God should obey the mediator.” (Maidah, 35)
-“When I enjoined the Disciples to believe in Me and My Apostle, they replied: ‘We believed in. You bear witness that we are the real Muslims.” (Maida, 111)
-“They ask: ‘Why has no Angel been seen to him (the Perfect Man)? If we had sent down an Angel, their fate would have been sealed and they would have never been reprieved.
If We had made him (the Perfect Man) an Angel, We would have given him the semblance of a man and would have thus added to their confusion.
Other Apostles have been laughed to scorn before you. But those that scoffed at them were overtaken by the very scourge they had derided.” (An’am: 8, 9, 10)
-“Those to whom We have given the Scriptures know him (the Perfect Man) as they know their own children. But those who have forfeited their souls will never have faith.” (An’am, 20)
-“We sent forth Apostles only to give good news to mankind and to warn them. Those that believe in them and mend their way shall have nothing to fear and regret.” (An’am, 48)
-“Thus have We made some among them a means for testing others, so that they should say: ‘Are those the men whom Allah favors among us?’ Let them say! Does not Allah best know the thankful?” (An’am, 53)
-“Those (The Perfect Men) were the people whom Allah guided. Follow then their guidance and say: I demand of you no recompense for this. It is an admonition to all mankind.” (An’am: 90)
-“Momentous signs (the eyes of the heart) have come to you from your Lord. He that sees them shall himself have much to gain, but he who is blind to them shall lose much indeed. I am not your keeper.” (An’am: 104)
-“Thus have we assigned for every Prophet an enemy, the devils among men and jinn.” (An’am, 112)
-“Can the dead man whom We have raised to life and given a light to walk with among men, be compared to him who is in darkness from which he will never emerge?” (An’am, 122)
-“Jinn and men! Did there not come to you apostles of your own who proclaimed to you My revelations and warned you of this day. They will reply ‘We bear witness against our souls.’ Indeed the life of this world seduced them and they testified against themselves that they were unbelievers.” (An’am 130)
-“We will question those to whom the messengers were sent, and We will question the messengers themselves.” (A’raf: 6)
-“Do you think it is strange that an admonition (ziqr) should come to you from Your Lord through a mortal like yourselves and that We should warn you?” (A’raf: 69)
-“The enchanters (magicians) prostrated themselves all saying: ‘We believe in the Lord of the Universe, the Lord of Moses and Aaron.’ ” (A’raf: 120-122)
-“Vema remeyte izremeyte ve lâkinnellahe rema-It was not you but God who slew them.” (Al-Anfal: 17)
-“Believers, obey Allah and His Apostle when he calls you to that which gives you life. Know that Allah stands between man and his heart, and that in His presence you shall all be assembled.” (Al- Anfal, 24)
-“Prophet! God is your strength (Allah is sufficient) for you and for the faithful who follow you.” (Al-Anfal, 64)
-“And there are others among them (hypocrites) who speak ill of the Prophet (hurt him), saying: “He believes everything he hears”. Say: “He hears only what is good for you. He believes in Allah and puts his trust in the faithful. He is a blessing to the true believers among you. Those that wrong the Apostle of Allah shall be sternly punished”. (Al Tawbah, 61)
-“The true believers, both men and women, are friends to one another. They enjoin what is just and forbid what is evil; they attend to their prayers, and render the alms levy, and obey Allah and His Apostle. On these, Allah will have mercy. Allah is mighty and wise.” (Al-Tawbah, 71)
-“There has now come to you an Apostle of your own, one who grieves at your troubles and cares for you, one who is benevolent and merciful to true believers.” (Tawba, 128)
-“We revealed Our will to a mortal from among themselves, saying: ‘Give warning to mankind and proclaim good tidings to the faithful. Their endeavors shall be rewarded by their Lord’. The unbelievers say: ‘This man is obviously a skillful enchanter.’ ” (Yunus, 2)
-“Know that the friends-the servants (Walis) of Allah have nothing to fear or to regret. Those who have faith and keep from evil shall rejoice both in this world and in the hereafter, the Word of Allah shall never change. That is the supreme triumph.” (Yunus: 62, 63, 64)
-“The verses: 25, 26, 27, 28 of the Chapter Hud are about the conversation between Noah (A.S.) and his people concerning the acceptance or refusing the Perfect Man.”
-“Every nation has a guide.” (Ra’d, 7)
-“Allah guides those who repent and have faith (who inclines towards Himself).” (Ra’d: 27)
-“Each Apostle We have sent has spoken in the language of his own people, so that he might make his meaning clear to them.” (Abraham, 4)
-“We sent forth Moses with our signs, saying: ‘Lead your people out of darkness into the light and remind them of God’s favors: Surely, in this, there are signs for every steadfast thankful man.” (Abraham: 5)
- “Remember that moment! Your Lord said to Angels: ‘I am creating a man (human) from dry clay, from black molded loam (from firm, baked earth like tiles).
When I have fashioned him and breathed into him from My spirit, kneel down and prostrate yourselves before him.’
The angels, one and all prostrated themselves before him except Satan. He refused to prostrate himself with the others." (Hijr: 28-29-30-31)
“We will not punish a nation until We have sent forth an Apostle to forewarn them.” (Isra, 15)
-“When We said to the Angels: ‘Prostrate yourselves before Adam’ they all prostrated themselves except Satan who replies: ‘Shall I bow to him whom You have made of clay? Do you see this being whom You have exalted above me? If You give me respite till the Day of Resurrection, I will exterminate all but a few of his descendants.”
“Be gone!” said He. “Hell is your reward and the reward of those that follow you. An ample reward it shall be. Rouse with your voice whomever you are able. Muster against them all your forces. Be their partner in their riches and in their offspring. Promise them what you will. But over My true servants you shall have no power. Your Lord will be their all-sufficient Guardian.” (Isra: 61, 62, 63, 64, 65)
-“We shall summon every nation with its Apostle (Imam, leader, guide) on that Day. (Isra: 71)
-“Nothing prevents men from having faith when guidance is revealed to them but the excuse: ‘Can it be that God has sent a human-being as an Apostle?” (Isra, 94)
-“…….the guide who is a Friend.” (Al-Kahf, 17)
-“When We said to the angels: “Prostrate yourselves before Adam,” they all prostrated themselves, except Satan.” (Al-Kahf, 50)
-“Köl innema ena beşeruün mislüküm yuha-Say: “I am but a mortal like yourselves. However, I have the Holy Word and the Holy Spirit, that is to say, I have more superior divine knowledge than you have.” (Al- Kahf, 110)
-“(Zachariah said) I surely fear my kinsman who will succeed me, my wife is barren too. Grant me a “Saintly” child from Your presence.” (Mary, 5)
-“(Abraham said): Father, things you know nothing of come to my knowledge therefore, follow me, that I may guide you along an even path.” (Mary, 43)
-“Sorcerers prostrated themselves, crying: We believe in the Lord of Aaron and Moses.” (Ta Ha, 70)
-“On that day no intercession will avail except from him that has received the sanction of the Merciful and whose word is pleasing Him.” (Ta Ha, 109)
-“When We said to the Angels: ‘Prostrate yourselves before Adam,’ they all prostrated themselves, except Satan.” (Ta Ha, 116)
-“Their hearts are set on pleasure. In private, the wrongdoers say to each other: Is this man (Muhammad) not a mortal like yourselves? Would you follow witchcraft with your eyes open?” (Al- Anbiya, 3)
“Say: “My Lord has knowledge of whatever is said in heaven and earth. He hears all and knows all.” (Anbiya, 4)
“Some say: ‘It (the Koran) is but a medley of dreams.’ Others: ‘He has invented it himself.’ And yet others: ‘He is a poet: let him show us some sign, as did the Apostles in days gone by.’ ” (Al-Anbiya, 5)
“The nations whom We destroyed before them did not believe either. Will they believe?” (Al-Anbiya, 6)
-“We ordained them leaders to guide mankind at Our behest, and enjoined on them charity, prayer and almsgiving. They served none but Ourself.” (Al-Anbiyah, 73)
-“We wrote in the Psalms after the Torah was revealed: ‘The righteous (the pure) among My servants shall inherit the earth.’ ” (Al-Anbiyah: 105)
-“Muhammad! We have sent you forth but as a blessing to mankind.” (Anbiyah: 107)
-“Kul ya eyyühennasü innema ena leküm nezîrün mübin-Say: Men! I have been sent to warn you plainly.” (Hajj: 49)
-“Allah chooses His messengers from the angels and from men. God hears all and observes all.” (Hajj: 75)
-“Are we to believe in two men like yourselves, whose people are our bondsmen?” They denied them, and thus incurred destruction.” (Muminun 47-48)
-“Allah is the Light of the Heavens and the Earth. His light may be compared to a niche that enshrines a lamp, the lamp within a crystal of star-like brilliance. It is lit from a blessed olive tree neither eastern nor western. Its very oil would almost shine forth, though no fire touched it. Light upon light, God guides to His Light whom He will. God speaks in metaphors to men. God has knowledge of all things. His light is found in temples God has sanctioned to be built for the remembrance of His name. In them, morning and evening, His praise is sung by men.” (Nur: 35, 36)
-“They only are true believers who have faith in Allah and His Apostle, and who, when gathered with him upon a grave occasion, do not depart till they have begged his leave. (O Muhammad!) The men who ask you leave to go away on any business of their own are the people who believe in Allah and His Apostle. When they ask you leave to go away, grant it to whomever you please and implore Allah to forgive them; Allah is forgiving and merciful.” (Al-Nur, 62)
-“They also say: “How is it that this Apostle eats and walks about the market-squares? Why has no angel been sent down with him to warn us?” (Al-Furqan, 7)
-“Why has no treasure been given him, no garden to provide his sustenance?” And the wrongdoers say: ‘The man you follow (swear fealty to) is surely bewitched.’ ” (Al-Furqan, 8)
-“On that day the wrongdoers will bite his hands and say: ‘Would that I had walked in the Apostle’s path! Oh, would that I had never chosen so and so for my companion.’ ” (Furqan: 27, 28)
-“Had it been Our will, We could have sent to every nation someone to give warning.” (Furqan, 51)
-“We have sent you only to proclaim good news and to give warning.” (Furqan, 56)
-“Never have We destroyed a nation whom We did not warn and admonish beforehand. We are never unjust.” (Shuara, 208)
-“Show kindness to those of the believers who swear fealty to you (follow you).” (Shuara: 215)
-“Say: ‘Praise be to God, and peace upon His servants whom He has chosen! Who is more worthy, God or the idols they serve besides Him?’ ” (Naml, 59)
-“None shall hear you except those who believe in Our revelations and They surrender themselves to Us right away (they became Muslims)” (Naml, 81)
-“On that day God will call them, saying: ‘What answer did you give Our Apostles?’ ” (Kassas: 65)
-“We had made him (Moses A.S.) a guide for the Israelites.” (Sajdah, 23)
-“The Prophet has a greater claim on the faithful than they have on each other. His wives are also their mothers.” (Al-Ahzab, 6)
-“It is not for true believers- men or women- to take their choice in their affairs if Allah and His Apostle decree other wise. He that disobeys Allah and His Apostle strays far indeed.” (Al-Ahzab, 36)
-“Stay in your homes and do not display your finery as women used to do in the days of ignorance. Attend to your prayers, give alms and obey Allah and His Apostle. O the Household of the Prophet! Allah seeks only to remove uncleanness from you and to purify you.” (Al-Ahzab, 33)
-“Certainly, the Prophet is blessed by God and His angels. Bless him, then, you that are true believers, and greet him with a worthy salutation. Those who torture Allah and His Apostle are cursed by God in this life and in the life to come. He has prepared for them a shameful punishment.” (Ahzab: 56, 57)
“We have sent no apostle to any nation whose messenger was not denied by those of them that lived in comfort.” (Sebe: 34)
“We have bestowed the Book on those of Our servants whom We have chosen. Some sin against their souls, some follow a middle course, and some, by God’s leave, vie with each other in charitable works: This is the supreme virtue.” (Fatir: 32)
-“They solemnly swore by God that if a Prophet should come to warn them, they would accept his guidance more readily than did other nations. Yet, when someone did come to warn them, they turned away from Him.” (Fatir: 42)
-“Therefore give warning. Your duty is only to give warning: you are not their keeper. As for those that turn their backs and disbelieve, God inflict on them the supreme chastisement. To Us they shall return, and We will bring them to account.” (Gashiyah, 21-22-23-24-25-26)
-“You shall admonish (warn) none but those who observe Our precepts (who obeys the remembrance) and fear the Merciful, though they cannot see Him.” (Yâ Sin: 11)
-“You shall cite, as a case in point, the people of the city to which Our messengers made their way. At first, We sent to them two messengers, but when they rejected them (both) We strengthened them with a third. They said: “We have been sent to you as Apostles.” But the people replied: ‘You are but mortals like yourselves. The Merciful has revealed nothing, you are surely lying.’
They said: ‘Our Lord knows that We are true Apostles. Our only duty is to warn you plainly.’
The people answered: ‘Your presence bodes for us nothing but evil. Will you not take heed? Surely you are great transgressors.’
Thereupon a man came running from the far side of the city. “My People!” he said: “Follow those who have been sent to you. Follow those who ask no reward of you and rightly guided. Why should I not serve Him who has created me and to whom you shall be recalled?
I believe in your Lord, so hear me.
We said to him: ‘Enter Paradise’ and he exclaimed: “Would that my people know how graciously my Lord has been to me, how highly He exalted me!” (Yâ Sin: 13, 27)
-“Alas for My bondsmen! They laugh to scorn every Apostle that comes to them.” (Yâ Sin: 30)
-“We certainly had sent Apostles (Guides, Prophets) to give them warning.” (Saffat: 72)
-“But why do we not see those whom we deemed wicked and whom we laughed to scorn? Or have our eyes missed them?” This is the discussion of the heirs of the Hell among themselves and it is true.
-Say: My mission is only to give warning. There is no god but Allah, who is Sole and Mighty.” (Sad: 62, 63, 64, 65)
-“Ve nefehtü fihi min ruhi-I breathed man from My spirit.” (Sad, 72)
-“Those who proclaim the truth, and those who give credence to it-they surely are God-fearing.” (Zumar, 33)
-“The earth has shone with the Light of her Lord, and the Book is laid open. The Prophets and the witnesses are brought in and all are judged with fairness. None shall be wronged (they will not be tortured unjustly)”. (Zumar: 69)
-“In hordes, the unbelievers are led to Hell. When they draw near, its gates are opened and its keepers have said to them: ‘Did there not come to you apostles of your own who proclaimed to you the revelations of your Lord and forewarned you of this day?’ ‘Yes,’ they answer. And thus the promised scourge has smitten the unbelievers.” (Zumar: 71)
-“Those who bear the Throne and those who stand around it give glory to their Lord and believe in Him. They implore forgiveness for the faithful saying: ‘Lord, you embrace all things with Your mercy and Your knowledge. Forgive those that repent and follow Your path. Shield them from the scourge of Hell.’ ” (Mü’min: 7)
-“One of the Pharaoh’s kinsmen, who in secret was a true believer, said: ‘Would you slay a man merely because he says: “My Lord is God”? He has brought you evident signs from your Lord. If he is lying, may his lie be on his head, but if he is speaking the truth, a part at least of what he threatens will smite you. God does not guide the lying transgressors.” (Mü’min: 28)
-Vekalellezi amene ya kevmittebiuni ehdiküm sebilerreşad- Follow me my people that I may guide you to the right path.” (Mu’ min,38)
-“We shall help Our Apostles and the true believers both in this world and on the day when the witnesses rise to testify.” (Mü’min: 51)
-“They said: “Our hearts are proof against the faith to which you call us. Our ears are stopped, and a thick veil stands between us. Do as you think fit, and so will we.” (Fussilat, 5)
-“As for those who say: ‘Our Lord is God’, and take the right path to Him, the angels will descend to them, saying: ‘Let nothing alarm or grieve you. Rejoice in the Paradise you have been promised.” (Fussilat, 30)
-“Say! ‘For this, I demand of you no recompense. I ask you only to love and to take care of My Family (Ahl al Bayt). He that does a good deed shall be repaid many times over. God is certainly forgiving and bountiful in His reward.” (Shuara: 23)
-“Many a Prophet did We send forth to the ancients, but they scoffed at each Prophet that arose among them.” (Zukhruf: 6, 7)
-“Thus, whenever, before you, We sent an apostle to forewarn a nation those who lived in comfort said: ‘This was the faith our fathers practised, we are merely following in their footsteps.” (Zukhruf, 23)
-“This is the knowledge which shows the Hour of Doom. Have no doubt about its coming and follow Me. This is the right path.” (Zukhruf: 61)
-“The gods to whom they pray besides Him have not the power to intercede for them. None can intercede for them save him who knows the truth and testifies to it. (Zukhruf, 86)
-“He will vouchsafe them guidance and ennoble their states.” (Muhammad, 5)
-“As for those who follow the right path, He will increase their guidance and show them the way to righteousness.” (Muhammad, 17)
-“Believers, obey Allah and obey His Apostle, and let not your labors come to nothing!” (Muhammad, 33)
-“We have sent you forth as a witness and as a bearer of good news and warnings.” (Al-Fath, 8)
-“So that you have faith in Allah and His Apostle and that you may assist Him, honor Him and praise Him morning and evening.” (Al-Fath, 9)
-“Those who swear fealty to you, swear fealty to God Himself. The hand of Allah is above their hands. He that breaks his oath breaks it at his own peril, but he that keeps his pledge to God shall be richly rewarded by Him.” (Feth, 10)
“Allah was well-pleased with the faithful when they swore allegiance to you under the tree. He knew what was in their hearts. Therefore, He sent down tranquility upon them, and rewarded them with a speedy victory.” (Feth, 18)
-“It is He that has sent forth His Apostle with guidance and the true faith so that he may exalt it above all religions. Sufficient is Allah as a Witness.” (Feth, 28)
-“Believers! Do not behave presumptuously in the presence of Allah and His Apostle. Have fear of God because He hears all and knows all.” (Hujurat: 1)
-“Believers, do not raise your voices above the voice of the Prophet, nor shout aloud when speaking to him as you do to one another, lest your labours should come to nothing without your knowledge.” (Hujurat: 2)
-“Know that God’s Apostle is among you. If he obeyed you in many matters, you would surely fail. But God has bestowed the faith to you and beautified it in your hearts, making unbelief, wrongdoing and disobedience abhorrent to you.” (Hujurat: 7)
-“The true believers are those that have faith in God and His Apostle, and never doubt and who fight with their wealth and their persons for the cause of Allah. Such are those whose faith is true.” (Hujurat: 15)
-“They marvel that a Prophet of their own has arisen amongst them. The unbelievers say: ‘This is indeed a strange thing.” (Qaf: 2)
-“To give a lesson and admonition and to open the eye of the heart of all the penitent men.” (Qaf, 8)
-“Each soul shall come attended by one who will drive it on and another to testify against it.” (Qaf, 21)
-“Say (My beloved): “Therefore seek Allah. I come from Him to warn you plainly.” (Al-Dhariyat, 50)
-“Set up no other deity besides Allah. I come from Him to warn you plainly.” (Al-Dhariyat, 51)
-“Thus, whenever an apostle came to those that flourished before them they cried: ‘Sorcerer!’ or ‘Madman!’ ” (Al-Dhariyat, 52)
-“Therefore give warning. By the grace of Allah, you are neither soothsayer nor madman.” (Al-Tur, 29)
-“By the declining star, your compatriot (Muhammad) is not in error nor is he deceived! He does not speak out of his own fancy. Whatever the Prophet Muhammad (the Perfect Man) says is an inspired revelation. He is taught by one who is powerful and mighty. He stood on the uppermost horizon, then, drawing near, he came down within two bows’ length or even closer and revealed to His servant that which He revealed. His own heart did not deny his vision. How can you then question what he sees? He beheld him once again at the Sidra Tree beyond which no one may pass near it is the Garden of Repose. When that tree was covered with what covered it his eyes did not wonder, nor did they turn aside, for he saw some of his Lord’s greatest signs.” (Najm: 1-18)
-“You shall not penetrate the skies except with a Perfect Man who bears a Divine (Sultani) Spirit.” (Rahman: 33)
-“Have faith in God and His Apostle.” (Hadid: 7)
-“We have sent Our Apostles with veritable signs.” (Hadid: 25)
-“We sent forth Noah and Abraham and bestowed on their offspring prophethood and the Scriptures. Some were rightly guided, but many were evil-doers.” (Hadid: 26)
-“After them We sent other Apostles (our Prophets, Our messengers, Our Perfect Men).” (Hadid: 27)
-“Allah has decreed: ‘I will surely triumph, Myself and My Apostles’. Powerful is Allah and mighty.” (Mujadele: 21)
-“Allah has inscribed the faith in their own hearts and strengthened them with a spirit of His own.” (Mujadele: 22)
-“It is He that has sent forth among the illiterate an apostle of their own to recite to them His revelations, to purify them and to instruct them in the Book and in wisdom, though they have hitherto been in gross error.” (Juma: 2)
-“They said: “Shall a mortal be our guide (will take us to the right path)?’ They disbelieved and became unbelievers.” (Teghabun: 6)
-“Believers, turn to God in true repentance. Your Lord may forgive you your sins and admit you to gardens watered by running streams, on a day when the Prophet and those who believe with him will suffer no disgrace at the hands of God. Their light will shine in front of them and on their right and they will say: ‘Lord, perfect our Light for us and forgive us. You have power over all things.’ ” (Tahrim: 8)
-“NUN” By the pen and what they write, you are not mad: thanks to the favour of your Lord; A lasting recompense awaits you, for yours is a sublime nature. You shall before long see-as they will see-which of you is mad. Your Lord knows best those who are rightly guided. Give no heed to the disbelievers; they desire you to overlook yours. Nor yield to the wretch of many oaths, the mischief making, slanderer, the opponent of good, the wicked transgressors, and the bully who is doubtful birth to boot. Though such a man be blessed with wealth and children, when Our revelations are recited to him, he says: “They are fables of the ancients.” (Kalem: 1-15)
-“We have sent forth an Apostle to testify against you, just as We sent an Apostle to Pharaoh before you.” (Al-Muzammil, 15)
-“Your duty is but to warn those that fear Him.” (Naziat, 45)
-“When the Apostles are brought together to testify ....” (Murselat: 11)
-“For every soul there is a guardian watching it.” (Tariq: 4)
-“Happy (saved) shall be the man who purifies himself, who remembers the name of his Lord and prays.” (Âlâ: 14)
-“Hüvellezi enzele sekinete ve kûlubi’l Mü’minine liyezdâdu imânen maa imânihim-It was He who sent down tranquility into the hearts of the faithful, so that their faith might grow stronger (increases).”
-“Yerfellahillezine âmenu-I have raised to high ranks those that have faith and knowledge among you.” (Mujadele: 11)
-“Your only protectors (your friend, your beloved) is Allah, His Apostle and the faithful: those who attend to their prayers, render the alms levy, and kneel down in worship.” (Maidah: 55)
-“Nahnü evliyâ üküm fil hayati’d dünya vefi’l âhireti-We are your guardians (your friends) in this world and in the hereafter.” (Fussilet: 31)
-“Is he whose heart Allah has opened to Islam that he is on a path lighted from his Lord, like the man whose heart is sealed? Those whose hearts are against the remembrance of Allah are in grossest error.” (Zumar: 22)
-“God has now sent down to you an apostle proclaiming to you the revelations of Allah in all plainness, so that he may lead the faithful who do good works from darkness to the light.” (Talaq: 11)
-“THEY ARE PLEASED WITH ALLAH AND ALLAH IS PLEASED WITH THEM.” (Maidah, 119)
Some of the Glorious verses on this subject are as follows:
Al Maidah: 15-16 / Qaf: 12-14
An’am: 84-89 / Najm: 56
A’raf: 35-59-60-65-66-157 / Qamar: 8-9
Tawba: 33 / Hadid: 8-9-12-13
Ra’d: 38 / Jumah: 3-7
Abraham: 11-12-44 / Munafiqun: 5
Hijr: 10-11, 89 / Talaq: 11
Nahl: 36, 84, 89,113 / Kalem: 51-52
Isra: 47,105 / Haqqa: 38-42
Kahf: 55-56 / Bayyinah 8
Ta Ha: 133-134 / Saba: 10-33, 34
Hajj: 67 / Fatir: 19, 24, 37, 42
Mu’minun: 32-40, 44, 70, 74 Sad: 62-65, 70
Furqan: 20/ Shura: 31
Naml: 14-40, 44, 53 / Zuhkruf: 45
Anqabut: 26 / Ahqaf: 21, 30-31
Kassas: 43, 50, 59, 61 / Hujurat: 3-4, 14 Luqman:15
Ahzab: 22, 40-47, 56-57, 66-67
SACRED TRADITIONS (HADITHS) ABOUT ADAM AND THE PERFECT MAN
-"İnnallahe halake’l Ademe ala süretihi- Allah created Adam (The Perfect Man) in His own image" (1)
(1) Kudsi Hadisler (Sacred Tradition) from Bukhari and Muslim, Vol.1, p.172, Madve Publ., 1991-Istanbul
-“I fit neither the earth nor the Heavens but I am in the heart of the true believer." (2)
(2) The complete hadith (tradition) is: “Neither my Earth nor My Sky was able to embrace (encompass) Me. Only the heart of My believer, the righteous slave of Mine who is pious, pure and modest could encompass Me.
"Kırk Hadis" by Sadreddin Konevi p.82, trans. by Harun Ünal, Vahdet Publ. 1984, Ist.
Ajluni Keşful Hafa, Vol.2, p.195
-“O the Son of Man! He who shows enmity to My Wali who is My Friend is considered to have declared war to Me.” (3)
(3) Kudsi Hadisler (Sacred Traditions) from Bukhari, Vol.1, p.153, Madve Publ., 1991-Istanbul
-“Allah the Almighty says: He who claims that he loves Me but goes to bed to sleep when it gets dark is accepted to have told a lie. For, the sign of the lover is not to see anything else besides Him as a spiritual state but not as knowledge. (4)
(4) From Kuşeyri Risale p. 176 (Egypt, 1346); Kuşeyri Risalesi trans. by S. Uludağ, İst. 1978
-“My mercy prevails over (covers) My wrath.” (5)
(5) Mukhari Tevhid 55; Thirmizi vol.5, p. 548-550
-“The Prophet of Allah said in Sacred Hadith which was told by Allah:
-“Whoever shows enmity to someone devoted to Me, I shall be at war with him. My servant draws not near to Me with anything more loved by Me than the religious duties I have enjoined upon him, and My servant continues to draw near to Me with supererogatory works so that I shall love him. When I love My servant I am his hearing with which he hears, his seeing with which he sees, his hand with which he strikes and his foot with which he walks. Were he to ask (something) of Me, I would surely give it to him, and were he to ask Me for refuge, I would surely grant him it. I do not hesitate about anything as much as I hesitate about (seizing) the soul of My faithful servant: he hates death and I hate hurting him.” (6)
(6) Buhari, “Müsned”, “Camiussağir”; “Kırk Hadis”, Sadettin Konevi
trans. by Harun Ünal Vahdet Publ. 1984-İstanbul
Kudsi Hadisler, Madve Publication, vol. 1, p. 153 1991-İstanbul
“40 Kudsi Hadis” by A. Fikri Yavuz, Tebliğ Publ.
THE SACRED TRADITIONS (HADİTH-İ ŞERİF)
-“Hz. Ali (K.V.), who is the gate of Knowledge, was sitting with the companions in the presence of the Most High Prophet: He requested saying: “O the Prophet of Allah, let my parents be sacrificed to you, please tell us the easiest, the nearest and the virtuous way for the slaves to reach Hz. Allah.”
Hz. Prophet (S.A.V.): “Ali, come closer! Place your knees near my knees, close your eyes, imagine my face and repeat what I say to you: “Fa’lem ennehu Lâ ilahe illallah”. They repeated three times. He told Ali to continue this Ziqr.
Hz. Prophet (S.A.V.) whispered the formula of unity “Lâ ilâhe illallah” into the ear of Hz. Abubaqr in the cave kneeled down while they were hiding during the Emigration of the Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina. Hz. Abu Baqr had witnessed and been inspired by some revelations with the secret told in the hadith as: “the eyes have not seen, the ears have not heard it yet”.
Hz. Prophet Muhammad told Hz. Omar to pronounce “Lâ” first and then “ilâhe” separately and “illallah” together three times while he was telling them to continue this Ziqr.
Once, Hz. Prophet visited Hz. Osman to offer consolation for the loss (death) of the wife of Hz. Osman. He told him not to think about the worldly affairs and inspired “Lâ ilâhe illallah”.
- “Ariflerin Menkibeleri, Menkib-ül Arifun, trans. By Tahsin Yazıcı, MEB Publications, pp. 708-709 Istanbul 1989, vol.3, p.405 from MEB Publications.
- Osmanlı Tarih Deyimleri ve Terimleri Sözlüğü M.Z. Pakalın vol.3, p.405 M.E.B. Publ.
-“Ene Medinetü’l ilmi ve Aliyyün Babuha-I am the city of knowledge. Ali is the gate to it so whoever would like to enter this city should go through that door (Hz. Ali).” (1)
(1) From Hz. İbn-i Abbas, Thirmizi, Sahih vol. 2, p. 399
From Hz. Jabir; Suyuti, Camiussağir, vol.1, p. 108
-“Men arefe nefsehu kad arefe Rabbehu-He who knows himself knows his Lord.” (2)
(2) “Binbir Hadis”, by Şemseddin Yeşil, p. 212, 1983, İstanbul
Mawlana, “Fihi Mafihten Seçmeler”, prepared by A. Gölpınarlı, p. 93, 1989, Ankara
-“Hz. Omar: “O the Prophet of Allah’ I love You more than myself, my children, my parents and than all the people. The great Prophet said: Now that you have true faith and submit truly. You reached the real faith now.” (3)
(3) Buhari, İman 8; Müslim, İman, 70; Nesai, İman 19, İbn Mace, Mukaddime, 9 Darimi Rikak, 29
-“I seek refuge in Allah from such a heart that does not feel and from the self that is not satisfied.” (4)
(4) From Muslim and Ibn Hanbel, İbn Kesir, XV, 8473
“Hakim narrated from Evs in his book called ‘Müstedrek’. Evs was telling and Ubadet Ibn-i Said was confirming being ready. He said:
“We were at the presence of the Prophet of Allah. He said: ‘Is there anybody from the Book among you?’ We answered that there were not anybody. He ordered us to close the door and to raise our hands and pronounce ‘La ilahe illallah’.
We raised our hands for about an hour and said “the formula of Unity”. He said: ‘Elhamdülillah-Glory be to Allah! O Lord! You resurrected me with this word and You commanded it and You promised the Paradise with it. You always keep Your promise…’
Then he turned to us and said: “Be happy! Hz. Allah has forgiven you!” (5)
(5) Osmanlı Tarih Deyimleri ve Terimleri Sözlüğü, vol.3, The Article about Tariqat, M.E.B. Publ.
-“My people are like raining. Whether the earlier ones or those who came afterwards are more beneficial cannot be known.” (6)
(6) Tirmizi, Edeb, 81; Ibn Hanbel, 3.130, 4.319
-“Seek the goodness near the people whose faces are beautiful.” (7)
(7) Ebu Yali, Camiussağir, From 500 Hadith
-“Die before you die!” (8)
(8)Ajluni, Keshful Hafa, vol.2 page 402, Beirut-1932
"I am from Allah, the Believers are also from Me."(9)
(9) Sırrül Esrar, by Abdülkadir Geylani, pp. 20 and 75
-“He, who believes me and confirms me as a “Friend, Guide”, should accept and follow Abu Talib’s son Ali. For, his sanctity is My sanctity and My sanctity is the sanctity of Allah.” (10)
(10) From Ammar B. Yasir, “Hz. Peygamberin Dilinden Dört Halifesi“, trans. By A.F. Yavuz, Sönmez Publ. İst. 1981, p.278
-“Ulemai Ümmetike Enbiyai Ben-i İsrail- The Scholars of My Nation are like the Prophets of Israelites.” (11)
(11) Kırk Hadis, Sadreddin Konevi, trans. by Harun Ünal, Vahdet Publ. 1984, İstanbul
- “My God! Give my self the feeling of fear and purify it” (12)
(12) Thirmizi, Nesai
- “Richness is not the richness of this world but the richness of the heart.” (13)
(13) Ibn Hanbel, Buhari, from Muslim and Thirmizi
- “At the beginning of every century, Allah sends the One who will support this religion.” (14)
(14) Kırk Hadis, Sadreddin Konevi, trans. by H. Ünal, Vahdet Publ. p. 5-8, İstanbul- 1984
THE LAST WORD: The Perfect Man is not God. However, he bears divine qualities (because he reflects God) He does not bear divine qualities is not the Perfect Man. Our dear Prophet said:
-"Qualify yourself with divine attributes of Allah." (15)
(15) Sirrül Esrâr, Sayyid Abdülkadir Geylani, transl. by A. Akçiçek Rahmet Publ. 1968, İst.
Fihi Mafih Mawlana, p. 192 Devlet Kitapları
Kazım YARDIMCI (From Ascension in Man)
THE LIST OF THE BOOKS WRITTEN BY THE WRITER AND PUBLISHED IN TURKEY
1- Varlık (Existence) 1974 İstanbul
2- İslâm'da Mezhepler ve Yükseliş (Religious Sects in Islam and Ascending) 1988 İzmir
3- Günahsızlar (The Sinless)1992 Malatya
4-İnsanda Yükselme (Ascension in Man)1992 Malatya
5- Muhammad -İsa -Adem (Muhammad-Jesus-Adam)1993 Malatya
6-İslâm'da Şeriat ve Tarikat (Shariat and Tariqat in Islam)1996 Alanya
7-İslâm Ekonomisi (Islamic Economy)1997 Malatya
WRITTEN BY KAZIM YARDIMCI
TRANSLATED BY H. NALAN ŞEHİRLİOĞLU