The Oneness of God (Unity); The Absolute Existence is the Eternal Being that is the infinite Divine Light and Power. He is the Divine Light of the Divine Lights, the Power, the Source of Powers, the First Reason. He is the reason of the reasons. He is the great Producer of all secondary reasons-Müsebbibul Esbab-. The Islam Philosophers call this as the first manifestation. The Divine Light that has no sides is power and infinite knowledge.
(The ABSOLUTE PERSON, HUU) La Taayyun is the state of the Absolute Existence before being manifested or visible.
THE KINDS OF INTELLECT- MIND-
There are four kinds of Intellect.
1. Akl-i Kül: The Universal (Cosmic) Intellect being the first entity created. The First Intellect, the Universal Knowledge -Wisdom-. The Supreme Spirit (The First Spirit).
The Reality of Muhammadiye, the First Manifestation (The example of this is the Sun). It is the first manifestation, the first sign, the first vision of the Eternal Existence, the Absolute Person, the first manifestation, the first sign of the spiritual essence, the visibility of the interior -the hidden- like dawn. The First Dawn.
2. Akl-i Mead: The Intellect that mediates on the life to come, the metaphysical realities, the abstract world, the hidden and the unknown. The person who possesses this intellect is called as a believer. The Holy Spirits (they are like the rays of the sun extending everywhere, same as the divine lights emitted from the First Spirit that has this intellect), the Holy Angels (the knowledge of the Angels are as much as Allah teaches them, they have no choices and conscience), the genies that have faith, those that are near God (that approached the Supreme Spirit and those who advanced- the Prophets, Saints, Angels) are the Friends of Allah and of the Supreme Spirit. They are just like the stars in the sky. The example of that rank is “the big, bright stars” in the sky.
3. Akl-i Cüz: Partial Intellect. It is like the sparks of light or the reflection of the illumination in proportion but not like the light that enters into a dark room, like the reflection of the dim light, or the light in a cave. “The small stars” set an example of them. This partial intellect is the intellect of a normal person. He is able to know and learn the material, physical, the visible world. He is not able to comprehend and solve the next world, the metaphysical world. He sometimes thinks about the spiritual world but he is not able to solve it. The partial intellect is able to solve the physical world. He can learn some information about it but he is not able to comprehend, solve and understand the abstract world. Due to this, he is always in suspicion. He is confused in presumptions, suppositions, dreams and conjectures. He is not able to reach definite knowledge. Very few of them see the difference in the prophets, in saints and in pious people when they meet them and they love and admire them. They believe in them and in what they report about the metaphysical world. They do not deny the divine, spiritual, abstract realities (such as Spirits, Angels, Heavens, the divine world). They are ordinary believers but most people do not have faith as it is written in the Koran, in Chapter Joseph.
“Most men do not believe.” (Joseph, 103)
4. Akl-i Maaş: It is the intellect of getting one’s daily food. The philosophers call the person who has this mind as “speaking animal-hayvan-ı natık”. It is difficult to call this intellect as an intellect. The animals also have this ability to find food. Those who have this intellect protect themselves and their families against dangers using this intellect. This ability exists more or less in all the animals. The example of it is “animals”. It is the dark side of the physical world. It is the lowest rank of intellect. Allah calls them as “unreasonable, foolish, heedless and unaware of God”.
NOTE: The Turkish definition of “intellect-mind” is “to understand” in all the dictionaries. It means “to know through understanding”, “the quality of understanding”. The word “Akıl-intellect-” is an adjectival verb, which is derived from the verb “anlamak- to understand-”.
“Âkil” means “the person who understands”.
“Makul” means “the one who is understood”.
“La Yekul” which is mentioned in the Koran means “those who do not understand”. It does not mean “mad or crazy”. It means those who do not understand, who are “not understanding” and who are “foolish”.
“Mad” means “insane” according to the Koran.
1 February 2005